Week s assignments
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Week’s Assignments. Invasive Species Chart = DUE MONDAY (see instructions on upcoming slides) Math Population Worksheet = DUE MONDAY (Review Problems on Monday) Topic Outline Review Sheet for Chapters 6,9, & 11 = DUE TUESDAY TEST = TUESDAY. TEST = TUESDAY. Human Population = Chapter 6

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Week’s Assignments

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Week’s Assignments

  • Invasive Species Chart = DUE MONDAY (see instructions on upcoming slides)

  • Math Population Worksheet = DUE MONDAY (Review Problems on Monday)

  • Topic Outline Review Sheet for Chapters 6,9, & 11 = DUE TUESDAY

  • TEST = TUESDAY


TEST = TUESDAY

  • Human Population = Chapter 6

  • Loss of Biodiversity = Chapter 9

  • Sustaining Aquatic Biodiversity = Chapter 11

    Topic Outline Review Sheet = DUE: Tuesday (download from website or collect in-class)

    • MUST BE HANDED IN INDIVIDUALLY TYPED


OTHER Helpful Handouts and Downloads to help study for test:

  • Chapter PowerPoints based on Textbook

  • Population Math Tips PDF

  • Sustaining Biodiversity Review PPT (the one you are reading now!)

  • Aquaculture Background Handout

  • Human Population Packet (???)

  • Topic Outline Review Sheet = Human Population, Fishing, and Loss of Biodiversity***


Invasive Species Assignment

  • Make 2 posters and/or computer charts on 20 Invasive Species

    • 10 Deliberate vs. 10 Unintentional (species listed in textbook)

  • MUST Include:

    • Column 1 = Species NAME

    • Column 2 = WHERE the species is natively found and where it was introduced to

    • Column 3 = WHY, HOW, & EFFECT ( explain how and why the species was introduced whether it was deliberate or accidental and the effect of introduction on ecosystem)

    • Can use species from book or other species if interested in researching other


Quick Review of Chapters 9 & 11


THINGS TO KNOW

  • Ecological and Economic Services of:

    • Marine,

    • Freshwater

    • River

    • Wetland


River Services


Chapter 9 Key Terms:

  • Background Extinction rate

  • Biological Extinction

  • Threatened vs. Endangered vs. Extinction

  • HIPPCO

  • Extinction rate

  • Habitat Fragmentation

  • Precautionary Principle

  • Invasive Species


Chapter 11 Key Terms:

  • Bycatch

  • Mitigation Banking

  • MPA’s vs. Reserves

  • Reconciliation Ecology

  • Law of Sea Treaty

  • Maximum vs. Optimum Sustainable Yield

  • Aquaculture

  • Riparian Zones


Riparian Zones

  • Zones of vegetation that surround streams and rivers

  • Act as natural buffer by controlling floods and by filtering and removing many toxins and excess nutrients before they reach waterways

  • Damage can destroy natural stream ecosystems


Topic Outline for FISHING...

D. Fishing

1. Fishing Techniques

2. Overfishing

3. Aquaculture

4. Relevant laws and treaties


Fishing Methods

  • Long-line

  • Purse-seine

  • Trawling

  • Drift Nets


International Whaling CommissionIWC

  • Refer back to Case Study in textbook

  • What is its goal, mission, and how effective is it? What doesn’t it protect?

  • Use scientific research as their excuse to hunt and kill whales


SOLUTIONS


Aquaculture (refer to handout for details)

  • Farms (i.e. shrimp, bivalves) - Each have Pro’s and Con’s

    • Bivalves and Plants = less consequences

    • Shrimp and Salmon = more consequences

  • Ocean Net-Pens (i.e. salmon, other finfish)

  • BEST Species for culturing = plant eating species

    • Tilapia


Acts and Treaties

  • 1975 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)***

  • U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972***

  • U.S. Endangered Species Act of 1973***

  • U.S. Whale Conservation and Protection Act of 1976

  • 1979 Global Treaty on Migratory Species

  • 1995 International Convention on Biological Diversity


LAWS and TreatiesPrevious Chapters

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

  • Federal Mine Safety and Health Act

  • Energy Policy Act


Marine Mammal Protection Act

  • 1972

  • Prevents any US Citizen from harassing, hunting, or killing any marine mammals

    • Amended 1994:

      • Program to monitor incidental taking of marine mammals during commercial fishing practice (bycatch regulations)

      • Preparation for stock assessments for all marine in waters under US jurisdiction


Edward O. Wilson

Complete the mapping of the world’s aquatic biodiversity

  • Identify and preserve aquatic diversity hotspots

  • Create large and fully protected marine reserves

  • Protect and restore the world’s lakes and rivers

  • Ecological restoration projects worldwide

  • Make conservation financially rewarding


Aquatic Invasive Species

  • 2/3 are released unintentionally from ballast water from ships


Examples of Invasive Species

  • Cane Toads

  • Gypsy Moth

  • Indian Mongoose

  • Zebra Mussel - Great Lakes

  • Kudzu vine

  • Burmese Pythons

  • Caulerpa Taxifolia - mediterranean


Examples of Endangered Species

  • Giant Panda

  • Honeybee

  • African Black Rhino

  • Minke Whale

  • Bald Eagle

  • Gray Wolves

  • Whooping Crane


Examples of Extinctions

  • Atlantic Cod

  • Passenger Pigeon


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