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Outlining. A simple outline is a preliminary list that reminds you of the points you want to make. Outlining. A formal outline is a detailed, multi-layered construction Indicates the exact order you will present your information. Outlining.

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Outlining
Outlining

  • A simple outline is a preliminary list that reminds you of the points you want to make.


Outlining1
Outlining

  • A formal outline is a detailed, multi-layered construction

  • Indicates the exact order you will present your information


Outlining2
Outlining

  • First, write your thesis at the top of the page:

  • Thesis: There are four main perspectives, or approaches, that readers can use to converse about literature.


Outlining3
Outlining

  • Next, group main headings under Roman numerals:

  • I.

  • II.

  • III.

  • IV.


Outlining4
Outlining

  • Indent each subheading under first word above it. Use capital letters to identify each subheading:

  • I.

    • A.

    • B.

  • II.

    • A.

    • B


Outlining5
Outlining

  • Write a complete sentence for each entry

  • Make sure each heading has at least two subdivisions

    • If there is a 1, there needs to be a 2

    • If there is an A, there needs to be a B


Outlining6
Outlining

  • Thesis: There are four main perspectives, or approaches, that readers can use to converse about literature.


Outlining7
Outlining

Thesis: There are four main perspectives, or approaches, that readers can use to converse about literature.

 I. A text-centered approach focuses on the literary piece itself.

II. An audience-centered approach focuses on the “transaction” between text and reader.

III. An author-centered approach focuses on the origin of a text.

IV. The ideological approach applies ideas outside of literature. 


Outlining8
Outlining

  • Thesis: There are four main perspectives, or approaches, that readers can use to converse about literature.

    I. A text-centered approach focuses on the literary piece itself.

    A. This approach is often called formalist criticism

    B. This method of criticism examines text structure and the rules of the genre

    C. A formalist critic determines how key literary elements reinforce meaning.

    II. An audience-centered approach focuses on the “transaction” between text and reader.

    A. This approach is often called rhetorical or reader-response criticism

    B. A rhetorical critic sees the text as an activity that is different for each reader


Outlining9
Outlining

III. An author-centered approach focuses on the origin of a text.

A. An author-centered critic examines the writer’s life

B. This method of criticism may include a historical look at a text

C. Connections may be made between the text and related works.

IV. The ideological approach applies ideas outside of literature.

A. Some critics apply psychological theories to a literary work.

B. Myth or archetype criticism applies anthropology and classical studies to a text.

C. Moral criticism explores the moral dilemmas in literature.


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