1. Decision Making Chapter 11
2. Making Good Decisions – Prepare Decision making is the process of deciding among various alternatives
Identifying your goals
Every decision to start with your short and long-term goals in mind
3. Making Good Decisions – Organize Considering and Assessing the Alternatives
Develop a list of flexible alternatives
Assess your alternatives
Determine the possible outcomes of each
Determine the probability that those outcomes will take place
Compare the alternatives, taking into account the potential outcomes of each
4. Making Good Decisions – Work Making and carrying out the decision
Choosing Among Alternatives
Give the decision time
Make a mental movie, acting out the various alternatives
Toss a coin
Ask for advice
Learn to view indecision as a decision
Go with your gut feeling
Carrying out the decision
The final step of decision making is to carry it out
5. Making Good Decisions – Evaluate Considering the Outcomes
Did you make the right decision?
Consider the results
Reevaluate and consider alternatives if you find you are not happy with your initial decision
It’s not a bad thing to change your mind
6. Making Good Decisions – Rethink Reconsidering Your Goals and Options
There is no single decision that is best – there are often many routes to the same goal
Are my decisions still producing the desired consequences?
Are my decisions still appropriate
Are they consistent with what I want to get out of life?
Do my decisions fit with my mission statement?
7. Deciding to Change Colleges If you are considering transferring to a different college, consider:
Do you meet the admissions requirements?
What new requirements will you have at the next school?
What courses will transfer?
Is there an articulation agreement between your prior school and your new school?
8. Problem Solving The process of generating alternatives to work on
What is the problem?
What are the initial facts?
What is it that you need to solve?
What is the most critical aspect of the problem to be solved?
What can be ignored?
9. Problem Solving Strategies
Break down the problem into smaller parts
Use a chart or graph to define the problem
Take a different perspective
Forget about it
10. Problem Solving Assess potential solutions
Is there a way to refine the solution? Are there alternative approaches?
There is often no perfect solution
11. Avoiding Everyday Problems in Critical Thinking Don’t assume that labeling something explains the problem
Don’t accept vague generalities
Don’t confuse opinion with fact
Avoid jumping to conclusions
Be skeptical of “common sense”
Don’t assume that one event causes another just because they occur one after the other