Chapter 5. History and Organization of Law Enforcement. A brief history of the police Police in early England. The form of policing that most directly led to that of modern US policing was England's frankpledge system. A brief history of the police Police in early England.
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History and Organization
of Law Enforcement
The form of policing that most directly led to that of modern US policing was England's frankpledge system.
The invention of gin advanced the development of law enforcement by making hard liquor affordable for many people.
Henry Fielding organized the Bow Street Runners, which was more centralized than the watch-and-ward system.
In 1798, the West India Trading Company created London's first professional, salaried police force, the Thames River Police.
In 1829, Sir Robert Peel sponsored the Metropolitan Police Act, the first successful bill to create a permanent, public police force.
A brief history of the policePolice in early England
The vigilante tradition was part of American life, especially in the South and West.
Reformers & Reform Efforts
The 1883 Pendleton Civil Service Act basically formed a civil service system that dispensed with patronage and administered employment and promotions based on merit rather than political connections.
In 1931, August Vollmer wrote the Wickersham Commission report that affected police reform for the rest of the 20th century. Features of the progressive movement included an emphasis on technology.
Orlando W. Wilson increased police efficiency by assigning officers based on the amount of reported crime and calls for service.
J. Edgar Hoover championed police professionalism and built the FBI into one of the premier law enforcement agencies in the world.
As pioneers flooded into the West seeking land, economic opportunities, or distance from government, the frontier outgrew the ability of the country to formally police it.
Crucial differences between the police and the military…
Innovations in policing come from three sources: