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Welcome. Thank you for using this pre-visit resource. We believe this will help strengthen student learning leading up to and during your gallery visit.

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Welcome

Welcome

Thank you for using this pre-visit resource. We believe this will help strengthen student learning leading up to and during your gallery visit.

Due to the different versions of PowerPoint schools may use, please check for, and correct any formatting issues before you use this presentation with your students.

Please check by viewing in slide show format before making any necessary changes.

If you have any questions please don’t hesitate to contact me.

Learning Experiences Outside the Classrom

Te Tuhi Centre for the Arts

Phone: (09) 577 0138 ext 7703

[email protected]

Jeremy Leatinu’u

Education Coordinator


Welcome

Stories from the Pacific

Te Tuhi Pre visit lesson 1


Welcome

Welcome to Stories

from the Pacific

In the next few lessons we will learn about…

Polynesian tapa

Inspired by tapa

Designing our story

Image: http://www.nationalgeographicstock.com/ngsimages/explore/explore.jsf?p=R09SRE9OIEdBSEFO


Welcome

Let’s start this lesson by learning about Polynesian tapa.

Image: http://www.nationalgeographicstock.com/ngsimages/explore/explore.jsf


Welcome

What is Polynesian Tapa?

How do you make Tapa?

1. Tapa is made from the bark of the paper mulberry tree.

2. The bark is stripped from the tree and flattened and joined together to make a large cloth.

3. When the tapa cloth is dry it is placed over a wooden carving and rubbed over with dye. Now we can see the pattern.

4. Next the pattern is decorated with brown and black dye.

Polynesian Tapa is an art form unique to many cultures in the Pacific.

Image:

Neich, Roger and Pendergrast, Mick. Pacific Tapa. Auckland NZ: David Bateman Ltd, 1997.

http://tropicalbrowns.blogspot.co.nz/2008/10/tonga-part-ii.html

http://www.siapo.com/rubbingmethod.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapa_cloth#Fabrication


Welcome

Polynesian tapa is made in…

Which Pacific cultures

make tapa cloth?

  • Samoa

  • Tonga

  • Uvea (Wallis Island) and Futuna

  • Niue

  • Cook Islands

  • Tahiti

  • Hawaii

  • Fiji

  • Vanuatu

  • Santa Cruz Islands

  • Solomon Islands

  • Papua New Guinea

Image: http://www.japanfocus.org/-Terence-Wesley_Smith/2347


Welcome

Boxes and symbols

Do all Polynesian Tapa look the same?

Ngatu istapa in Tonga and Siapo is tapa in Samoa.

Each tapa is different in its own way.

Sometimes the colour, pattern, pictures and how its made makes tapa different to one another.

In the siapo we can see pictures and symbols of plants, flowers and leaves are in boxes.

Samoan tapa: Siapo

In Ngatu we see pictures of a shield (of Tonga), a lion and dove in boxes. All three symbols reflect Tonga’s history.

Tongan tapa: Ngatu

Image:

Neich, Roger and Pendergrast, Mick. Pacific Tapa. Auckland NZ: David Bateman Ltd, 1997.


Welcome

Colour and line

Nature and pattern

Nature inspires many tapa designs.

Colour is also important to tapa design.

Tapa from Papua New Guinea has red from vegetable dye and black and brown from mud.

In this nemasitse, tapa cloth from Vanuatu, we can see a pattern of leaves

On this Tahitian tapa we can see printed leaves and fern fronds.

Kapa from Hawaii use colours including yellow, red, brown and black.

Tapa made from Eromanga, Vanuatu: Nemasitse

Tapa, Oro Province, Papua New Guinea

Hawaiian Tapa: Kapa

Tahitian tapa scarf Ahufara.

Image:

Neich, Roger and Pendergrast, Mick. Pacific Tapa. Auckland NZ: David Bateman Ltd, 1997.

http://muse.aucklandmuseum.com/databases/general/SearchResults.aspx?dataset=Tapa&c_image_hasdata=checked&c_image_forcelogic=and&c_countryplaceoforigin_search=hawaii&Page=2


Welcome

Circles

Many tapa cloth symbols are in squares. Some big and some small.

Hiapo, tapa cloth from Nuie, have symbols in circular shapes making their design unique.

Nuiean Tapa: Hiapo

Image:

Neich, Roger and Pendergrast, Mick. Pacific Tapa. Auckland NZ: David Bateman Ltd, 1997.

http://internetniue.nu/vibrant-niue/hiapo-gallery/


Welcome

Was tapa only made to be an art work?

Tapa is used for:

  • Masks and costumes for

  • celebrations, festivals and dance.

  • Clothing.

Orator chiefs left and right wear siapo vala as lavalava or wrap-around skirts 1930`

  • Blankets or to make a room.

  • For special occasions like birthdays, weddings and funerals.

A display of fine Tongan baskets containing bottles of scented coconut oil, several headrests, woven items and two large bundles of tapa cloth. Assembled for a wedding exchange 1920

Tapa is an important part of Pacific culture.

Image:

Neich, Roger and Pendergrast, Mick. Pacific Tapa. Auckland NZ: David Bateman Ltd, 1997.

http://anoteoffriendship.blogspot.co.nz/2010/06/tongan-tapa-cloth.html

Cook Islands: Mask and costume 1899


Welcome

As we have seen, Polynesian tapa is made and used by many cultures of the Pacific…

Let’s recap on what we have learnt so far…


Welcome

What have we learnt so far?

Polynesian tapa…

is made from the bark of the paper mulberry tree. The bark is flattened, dried and then decorated with dye.

Pacific cultures have different designs. Sometimes the colour, pattern, pictures and how its made makes one tapa cloth different to another.

is important to Pacific culture. It is used for clothing, costume, masks, blankets, bedrooms and to help celebrate birthdays and weddings.


Welcome

Art Activity: Rubbing tablet

Explore tapa making by collecting small or large leaves from outside. Pick different shaped leaves to make it interesting.

Place the leaves under a piece of paper and in pencil lightly shade over the top. An impression of the leaf should surface like the symbols on tapa.

Try arranging your leaves in grids, circles or spread them out like nemasitse. Try using pen, chalk, colouring pencil or crayon to make it interesting.

Image:

http://www.creativeplayhouse.mumsinjersey.co.uk/2011/11/we-loved-rainbow-collage-much-that-i.html

http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobevansimages/6936669581/sizes/m/in/photostream/

http://cindylane.com.au/wp-content/uploads/Leaf-rubbings.jpg

http://mayamade.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/oak-stamps.html

http://www.spottedcanary.com/Expert_Studio/Welcoming_the_Splendor_of_Fall.htm


In the next lesson we will explore inspired by tapa

In the next lesson we will explore ‘Inspired by tapa’.

End of lesson


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