Cystic fibrosis
Download
1 / 15

Cystic Fibrosis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on

Cystic Fibrosis . By Tu Trinh Vu. What is Cystic Fibrosis?. It is a genetic disease that is passed down through families that causes a thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs, digestive tract, and other areas of the body. . The Cause.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Cystic Fibrosis ' - bairn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Cystic fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis

By Tu Trinh Vu


What is cystic fibrosis
What is Cystic Fibrosis?

  • It is a genetic disease that is passed down through families that causes a thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs, digestive tract, and other areas of the body.


The cause
The Cause.

  • It is caused by a defective gene where it does not produce the protein for the salt channels, resulting with the buildup of mucus.


Prevention
Prevention?

  • It is genetic, therefore there is no prevention of this disease.


Who is affected
Who is Affected.

  • It is most common in Caucasians, and most is deadly.

  • 1 in 29 Caucasians have the Cystic Fibrosis Gene.


Diagnosis
Diagnosis.

  • Blood Test

  • Chest X-ray

  • Lung Function Test

  • Fecal Fat Test

  • Sweat Chloride Test


How the system normally works
How the System Normally Works.

Air Comes through mouth/nose.

Air goes down trachea & bronchi

Ends in alveoli

Air (O2) moves form alveoli to blood.

Salt channels maintain layer.

Watery mucus layer helps trap & move debris.


How the disease affects homeostasis
How the Disease Affects Homeostasis

Air Comes through mouth/nose.

Air goes down trachea & bronchi

Ends in alveoli

Air (O2) moves form alveoli to blood.

Genetic mutation causes salt channels to unevenly distribute salt and water across the layer of cells.

Thick mucus builds up in lungs, and eventually causing problems in digestive tract, and other areas.

Gene doesn’t produce

protein for this salt channel to

function properly.

Salt channels maintain layer.


Symptoms
Symptoms.

  • In Newborns:

    • Delayed growth

    • Failure to gain weight normally

    • No bowel movements in first 24-48 hours

    • Salty-tasting skin


Symptoms1
Symptoms.

  • In the Bowel Functions:

    • Belly pain from severe constipation

    • Increased gas & bloating

    • Nausea & loss of appetite

    • Stool, that are pale or clay colored, foul smelling, and have mucus.


Symptoms2
Symptoms.

  • Lungs & Sinuses

    • Coughing

    • Increases Mucus in the sinuses/lungs


Symptoms3
Symptoms.

  • Weight loss

  • Pneumonia

  • Infertility


Treatment
Treatment.

  • Lungs:

    • Antibiotics to prevent & treat lung & sinus infections

    • Inhaled medicines

    • DNA enzymes therapy

    • Flu Vaccine

    • Lung Transplant

    • Oxygen Therapy


Treatments
Treatments.

  • Bowels:

    • Special diet high in protein & calories

    • Pancreatic enzymes to help absorb fats & proteins

    • Vitamin supplements


Bibliography
Bibliography.

  • Pictures are Hyperlinked!

  • Sources of Information:

  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001167/

  • http://people.usd.edu/~bgoodman/HotT.htm

  • http://www.peds.ufl.edu/divisions/pulmonary/asthma/normal-lung-function.asp

  • http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/whataregd/cf/


ad