Animal Science Terminology
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Animal Science Terminology. Dam. Female parent of animals. Sire. Male parent of animals. Dock. To remove the tail from an animal. Partuition. Act of giving birth. Cull. To remove from the herd. Dairy. Animals who produce milk for human consumption; includes cows and goats. Ration.

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Dam

  • Female parent of animals


Sire

  • Male parent of animals


Dock

  • To remove the tail from an animal


Partuition

  • Act of giving birth


Cull

  • To remove from the herd


Dairy

  • Animals who produce milk for human consumption; includes cows and goats


Ration

  • Amount of feed an animal eats in one day


Anatomy

  • Body parts of an animal


Offspring

  • Baby animals


Beef

  • Meat from cattle


Pork

  • Meat from swine


Fetus

  • Unborn animal


Finish

  • Amount of fat on an animal


Free Martin

  • Twins of opposite sex born in cattle


Poultry

  • Meat from chickens and other birds


Estrus

  • Length between heat cycles


Gestation

  • Length of pregnancy


Ear Notch

  • A type of identification of animals; small slits are cut from the ear; used in swine ID


Animal Science

  • Study of the care, growth, and reproduction of animals


Equine

  • Horse family including: horses, ponies, donkeys, and mules


Free Choice

  • Feed available at all times


Creep Feed

  • Feed supplemented to young along with milk from their mothers


Replacement Females

  • Young females placed in the herd after others have been culled


Colostrum

  • First milk acquired by young animals from their mothers


Purebreed

  • A female and male of the same breed are mated to produce offspring


Crossbreed

  • A mix of two or more breeds of an animal


Artifical Insemination

  • Breeding performed by a human using frozen semen


Monogastric

  • Animal with a single compartment stomach Ex. Dog, cat, pig, horse, human


Ruminant

  • Animal with a four compartment stomach Ex. Cow, goat, sheep


Embryo Transfer

  • Frozen fertilized eggs placed in females to carry during pregnancy and then care for


Weaning

  • Separating young baby animals from their mothers


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