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Not just for farmers: Six ways that agriculture programs affect food, nutrition, and the environment Virginia Tech – March, 2013 Parke Wilde. Outline. Inter-disciplinary and multi- sectoral Six categories of agriculture policies Demand expansion Nutrition assistance. Outline.

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Not just for farmers: Six ways that agriculture programs affect food, nutrition, and the environmentVirginia Tech – March, 2013Parke Wilde


Outline
Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


Outline1
Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


A social ecological framework for nutrition and physical activity decisions

Source: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010.


Source: USDA/ERS. activity decisions


The USDA Economic Research Service food marketing dollar - 2010

Source: USDA Economic Research Service


Authorizing legislation: mandatory programs in a new Farm Bill for

10 fiscal years 2013-2022

Source: Adapted from Monke (2012a).


Outline2
Outline Bill for

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance




Price supports Bill for









Government payments from U.S. farm programs 1996 - 2010 Bill for

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Producer Support Estimates (PSE), 2012. Note: Payments based on output are identified separately, because of their implications for overproduction and for trade policy (see Chapter 4).


U.S Bill for . conservation programs 1996 - 2010

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Producer Support Estimates (PSE), 2012. Note: Payments based on output are identified separately, because of their implications for overproduction and for trade policy (see Chapter 4).


U.S. Producer Support Estimate1996 Bill for - 2010

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Producer Support Estimates (PSE), 2012. Note: Payments based on output are identified separately, because of their implications for overproduction and for trade policy (see Chapter 4).


Outline3
Outline Bill for

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


Myplate
MyPlate Bill for



Outline4
Outline Bill for

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


Supplemental nutrition assistance program snap a k a food stamp program
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Bill for a.k.a. Food Stamp Program


Snap benefits food at home sales
SNAP benefits / food-at-home sales Bill for

Source: Wilde, AJAE, 2012. Data source: USDA/FNS (SNAP) and USDA/ERS (food spending).


Snap benefits food at home sales1
SNAP benefits / food-at-home sales Bill for

Source: Wilde, AJAE, 2012. Data source: USDA/FNS (SNAP) and USDA/ERS (food spending).


Google gadgets
Google Gadgets Bill for

  • http://usfoodpolicy.blogspot.com/search/label/Food%20Stamp%20Program

  • http://www.tinyurl.com/snap-vis/


Why do reasonable people disagree about the cost of healthy food

Why do reasonable people disagree about the cost of healthy food?

Differences in:

Definitions of “healthy”

Time constraints and cooking abilities

Reference populations and geographic locations

Policy objectives

Ways of learning about the world


Choosing the cost of a healthy diet in the spirit of the thrifty food plan
Choosing the cost of a healthy diet food?(in the spirit of the Thrifty Food Plan)

Nutrition criteria and other constraints

Cost required

Tolerance for difference

from current consumption


It all depends on what constraints you impose
It all depends on what constraints you impose ... food?

Source: Wilde and Llobrera, Journal of Consumer Affairs, 2009.


Food at home
Food at home food?

Source: Wilde, Troy, and Rogers, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2009.


Food away from home food?

Source: Wilde, Troy, and Rogers, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2009.




For more information
For more information … food?

Food Policy in the United States: An Introduction

(Routledge/Earthscan, March 2013)

www.usfoodpolicy.com


Government role in checkoff programs
Government role in checkoff programs food?

  • Increasing oversight from USDA/AMS

  • Absence of producer referenda

  • “Government Speech”


Pork industry organizations
Pork industry organizations food?

  • National Pork Board (NPB)

    • semi-governmental “checkoff” program

    • may not lobby the government

    • funded by $64 million in mandatory checkoff payments

  • National Pork Producers Council (NPPC)

    • private trade association

    • may lobby the government


S ale of other white meat
S food?ale of “Other White Meat”

  • In 2006, NPB (checkoff) agrees to pay NPPC(trade association) $60 million.

  • Appraised cost to rebuild a new slogan: $38 million over 7 years.

  • Terms: $3 million per year for 20 years, with interest.


Questions about other white meat appraisal and terms
Questions about “Other White Meat” appraisal and terms food?

  • Was discounting handled correctly?

  • Were there any other buyers?


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