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Not just for farmers: Six ways that agriculture programs affect food, nutrition, and the environment Virginia Tech – March, 2013 Parke Wilde. Outline. Inter-disciplinary and multi- sectoral Six categories of agriculture policies Demand expansion Nutrition assistance. Outline.

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Not just for farmers: Six ways that agriculture programs affect food, nutrition, and the environmentVirginia Tech – March, 2013Parke Wilde


Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


A social ecological framework for nutrition and physical activity decisions

Source: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010.


Source: USDA/ERS.


The USDA Economic Research Service food marketing dollar - 2010

Source: USDA Economic Research Service


Authorizing legislation: mandatory programs in a new Farm Bill for

10 fiscal years 2013-2022

Source: Adapted from Monke (2012a).


Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Price supports


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Deficiency payments


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Six broad categories of farm policy interventions

Source: Wilde, 2013.


Government payments from U.S. farm programs 1996 - 2010

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Producer Support Estimates (PSE), 2012. Note: Payments based on output are identified separately, because of their implications for overproduction and for trade policy (see Chapter 4).


U.S. conservation programs 1996 - 2010

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Producer Support Estimates (PSE), 2012. Note: Payments based on output are identified separately, because of their implications for overproduction and for trade policy (see Chapter 4).


U.S. Producer Support Estimate1996 - 2010

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Producer Support Estimates (PSE), 2012. Note: Payments based on output are identified separately, because of their implications for overproduction and for trade policy (see Chapter 4).


Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


MyPlate


Checkoff program annual revenue, 2010


Outline

  • Inter-disciplinary and multi-sectoral

  • Six categories of agriculture policies

  • Demand expansion

  • Nutrition assistance


Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)a.k.a. Food Stamp Program


SNAP benefits / food-at-home sales

Source: Wilde, AJAE, 2012. Data source: USDA/FNS (SNAP) and USDA/ERS (food spending).


SNAP benefits / food-at-home sales

Source: Wilde, AJAE, 2012. Data source: USDA/FNS (SNAP) and USDA/ERS (food spending).


Google Gadgets

  • http://usfoodpolicy.blogspot.com/search/label/Food%20Stamp%20Program

  • http://www.tinyurl.com/snap-vis/


Why do reasonable people disagree about the cost of healthy food?

Differences in:

Definitions of “healthy”

Time constraints and cooking abilities

Reference populations and geographic locations

Policy objectives

Ways of learning about the world


Choosing the cost of a healthy diet(in the spirit of the Thrifty Food Plan)

Nutrition criteria and other constraints

Cost required

Tolerance for difference

from current consumption


It all depends on what constraints you impose ...

Source: Wilde and Llobrera, Journal of Consumer Affairs, 2009.


Food at home

Source: Wilde, Troy, and Rogers, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2009.


Food away from home

Source: Wilde, Troy, and Rogers, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2009.


Healthy Incentives Pilot


Healthy Incentives Pilot


For more information …

Food Policy in the United States: An Introduction

(Routledge/Earthscan, March 2013)

www.usfoodpolicy.com


Government role in checkoff programs

  • Increasing oversight from USDA/AMS

  • Absence of producer referenda

  • “Government Speech”


Pork industry organizations

  • National Pork Board (NPB)

    • semi-governmental “checkoff” program

    • may not lobby the government

    • funded by $64 million in mandatory checkoff payments

  • National Pork Producers Council (NPPC)

    • private trade association

    • may lobby the government


Sale of “Other White Meat”

  • In 2006, NPB (checkoff) agrees to pay NPPC(trade association) $60 million.

  • Appraised cost to rebuild a new slogan: $38 million over 7 years.

  • Terms: $3 million per year for 20 years, with interest.


Questions about “Other White Meat” appraisal and terms

  • Was discounting handled correctly?

  • Were there any other buyers?


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