Imperialism 101
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Imperialism 101. Mrs. Huff 19 th & 20 th Century World History Spring Semester. What is Imperialism?. The ambition of a powerful nation to dominate the: Political Economic Cultural affairs of another nation or region. Desire for self-sufficiency Need for new markets Nationalism.

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Imperialism 101

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Imperialism 101

Mrs. Huff

19th & 20th Century World History

Spring Semester

What is Imperialism?

  • The ambition of a powerful nation to dominate the:

    • Political

    • Economic

    • Cultural

      affairs of another nation or region.

Desire for self-sufficiency

Need for new markets


Outlets for population

Missionary Motives

Cultural Motives

Why were Nations Imperialistic?

Desire for Self-Sufficiency

  • No nation wanted to have to “depend” on another nation(s) for raw materials.

  • Governments feared that in the event of a war they would be at the mercy of the enemy.

  • Industrialization brought high demand for resources such as: manganese, copper, rubber, coffee, tea, etc.

Consider this. . .

  • As of February 2006, the U.S. has imported ~ 75% of our oil from the following 5 countries:

  • Canada

  • Mexico

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Venezuela

  • Nigeria

  • What is wrong with this picture??

Need for New Markets

  • The Industrial Revolution allowed for mass production of goods. However, unless there are enough consumers to purchase all of these goods, the production is useless.

  • Therefore, the world’s nations were looking for new markets to sell their products.

Consider This. . .

  • The leading cause of the Great Depression was:

    • Overproduction & Underconsumption

      How can the world economy prevent this from happening again??


  • Many world nations argued that having colonies added to their strength and prestige.

  • Newer nations, like Germany and Italy, especially felt the pressure to compete with more established powers like Britain and France.

  • This also resulted in the growth of large armies and navies.

  • Consider this. . .

  • This resulted in imperialism

  • “races” to see who could

  • conquer the most territory.

  • Can you think of all the

  • non U.S. territories that are

  • still controlled by the U.S.

  • Today?

Did you name all of these:

Puerto Rico


U.S. Virgin Islands

American Samoa

Northern Mariana Islands

Midway Islands

Wake Island

Johnston Atoll

Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands

Kingman Reef

Navassa Island

Palmyra Atoll

Outlets for Population

  • Industrialization brought with it rapid population growth.

  • This quickly led to a feeling of being “too crowded,” and fueled a “need” for countries to expand.

  • This resulted in massive waves of immigration to countries like the U.S., South America, as well as Australia.

Consider this. . .

  • What do you think are. . .

    • The most densely populated countries?

    • The fastest growing countries?

    • The states with the highest population densities?

Nations with Highest Growth Rates

US States Ranked by Population Density: 2000

Consider this. . .

  • What do all the following have in common?

    • Santa Barbara

    • San Jose

    • San Antonio

    • San Francisco

    • San Diego

      The answer. . . (of course. . . ). . .

Missionary Motives

  • Missions from the Christian Church were motivated to spread the “Word of God.”

  • Most of the missions came from either the Roman Catholic or Protestant church.

  • Missions also worked to improve:

    • Education

    • Medical Care

    • Sanitation & hygiene

Cultural Motives

  • The idea that the people of the industrialized west had a “duty to transmit Western ideas and knowledge across the globe.”

  • People were considered lacking if their religion or culture differed from that of “The West.”

  • This often went under the guise of “improving or helping” less industrialized nations.

The British Empire - 1914

It was the “white man’s burden” to carry Western civilization to those less fortunate

than themselves. ~ Rudyard Kipling

Effects of Imperialism

  • Created bitter rivalries among the imperial powers.

    • Led to building of larger armies and navies.

    • This brought on increased incidents of world conflict.

  • Led to hatred among the colonized peoples.

    • Europeans met with resistance or violence from the local inhabitants.

Positive Effects of Imperialism

  • Sometimes there were positive effects of imperialism.

  • Western nations brought with them industrialism and new technologies.

  • Implemented new medical techniques, improved education systems and in places, improved the overall standard of living.

Imperialism Vocabulary

  • Colony

    • Originally, a settlement established in another region by citizens of a country.

    • Imperialistic Era ~ An area in which a foreign nation gained complete control over the region and its population.

    • Steps: 1. Colony 2. Annexed 3. Part of Empire

  • Protectorate

    • The local ruler kept his title, but officials of the foreign government controlled the region.

  • Condominium

    • Two nations ruled a region as partners.

  • Sphere of Influence

    • A region in which one nation had special economic and political privileges that were recognized by other nations.

Let’s Review. . .

  • Imperialism was ~

  • Imperialism was initiated by 6 motives ~

  • Some effects of imperialism were ~

  • A re-cap of imperialism vocabulary was ~

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