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Contextual Teaching. Some Questions. What is the purpose of the educational system today and in the future? Will lecture-and-test teaching increase student achievement? Will classical content-centered teaching lower the high school dropout rate?

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Presentation Transcript
some questions
Some Questions
  • What is the purpose of the educational system today and in the future?
  • Will lecture-and-test teaching increase student achievement?
  • Will classical content-centered teaching lower the high school dropout rate?
  • Will theoretical teaching help students become better connected with real-life problem-solving issues?
contextual teaching3
Contextual Teaching
  • Way individuals learn best
  • Students connect life with knowledge
  • Brain connects knowledge and application
  • Brain connects knowing and doing
  • Brain connects content and context
  • Brain is limited in dealing with material that does not connect
try this
Try This
  • Memorize the following:
    • Cre
    • Bli
    • Ret
slide5
Now memorize these:
    • Chair
    • Water
    • Light
slide6
And these . . .
    • Money
    • Shopping
    • Bargains
slide7
And finally . . .
    • Beverly went shopping for bargains.
development vs teaching
Development vs Teaching
  • Child development
    • Handle things
    • Explore
    • Knock down, set up, put together
    • Crawl, walk, talk, imitate
  • Teaching process
    • Passive learning
    • Look, sit, listen, memorize
contextual teaching framework
Contextual Teaching Framework
  • Learning for acquisition of knowledge
  • Learning for application
  • Learning for assimilation
  • Learning for association
slide10
Time
  • Contextual teaching takes more time
  • Teachers are asked to teach more not less
  • Effectiveness determined by students’ performance on standardized tests
    • Do not connect with real life
    • Do not evaluate problem solving
    • Reveal socioeconomic makeup
education s options
Education’s Options
  • College prep curriculum for everyone
  • Dumb down teaching
  • Examine barriers and change approaches
study results
Study Results
  • Students tried harder and more interested
  • Students behaved better
  • Students accepted more responsibility
  • Greater learning progress
work based learning
Work-Based Learning
  • Learning experiences and activities that are based on and in some type of work setting or simulated work setting
  • (apprenticeship, internship, co-op, on-the-job training, career academies, school-based enterprises, job simulation)
on the job instruction
On-the-Job Instruction
  • Coaching as trainee works and produces useful product or provides service
  • Usually occurs at time needed
  • Can occur in some classrooms
  • Projects and exercises designed to provide application of on-the-job skills
ojt supervisors should
OJT Supervisors Should . . .
  • Provide opportunities for realistic learning
  • Use slack periods for instruction
  • Provide trainees with new technical information
  • Be open to trainee suggestions
planning instruction
Planning Instruction
  • Analyze task – skills and knowledge
  • Determine needed instruction
  • Plan and schedule instruction
    • (See Figure 14-4, page 259)
  • Provide instruction
  • Evaluate final results
  • Provide for further practice
execution of ojt instruction
Execution of OJT Instruction
  • Relaxed atmosphere
  • Unhurried instruction
  • Provide relevance and advantages
  • Demonstrate one step at a time
  • Explain, demonstrate, test, and make provisions
execution of ojt instruction18
Execution of OJT Instruction
  • Trainee should be able to devote attention
  • Allow minor problems at first
  • Direct correction at performance
  • Maintain emotional control
  • Follow instruction with questions
  • Follow up frequently and provide encouragement
ojt progress chart figure 14 5
OJT Progress Chart (Figure 14-5)
  • Compares present abilities against present and future requirements
  • Spotlights training needs and records progress
  • Can be used to decide who does what
effective supervision and ojt
Effective Supervision and OJT
  • Two-way communication
  • Appropriate performance standards
  • Participation in planning
  • Team spirit
  • Achievement recognition
  • Analysis of underlying causes of errors
  • Good working conditions
effective supervision and ojt21
Effective Supervision and OJT
  • Constructive criticism
  • Atmosphere of approval
  • Coaching to correct defects
  • Effective delegation
  • Clear instructions and assignments
  • Effective training
your turn
Your Turn
  • Prepare an OJT Lesson Plan Outline
    • Flossing and brushing teeth
    • Preparing PB & J sandwich
    • Wash car
    • Bathe dog
industry based instruction
Industry-Based Instruction
  • Benefit – direct application to performance
  • Workers need to update and upgrade skills
  • Sponsored, planned, designed, conducted, and evaluated at job site
functional skills
Functional Skills
  • Reading – technical information
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Listening
  • Reasoning
  • Computation
  • Computer literacy – WP & SS software
soft skills
Soft Skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Attitudes
  • Project management
  • Negotiation
  • Decision making
  • Team skills
technical skills
Technical Skills
  • Task-specific skills
  • Collect, graph, analyze and program data
  • Recognize alternative solutions
  • Computer-related technology
  • Math and science skills
  • Programming, database management, and Internet usage
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