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Worship Traditional Mandir design Mandir rituals Objects found in the Mandir. Puja Art Havan. Summary Traditional Mandir design Many UK Mandirs are conversions. However Mandirs built to tradition Indian designs will contain the following features.

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Traditional Mandir design

Many UK Mandirs are conversions. However Mandirs built to tradition Indian designs will contain the following features.

  • A pyramid shaped roof (shikhara) to symbolise the Himalayas where the deities live.

  • A porch facing the rising sun.

  • Steps leading to the shrine (shoes may be left here).

  • A prayer room.

  • A shrine room (vimana) where the murtis can be found.

  • A bell to ring to attract the deities attention.


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Mandir rituals

  • Mandir worship can include

  • Puja

  • Arti

  • Havan


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Objects found in the Mandir

  • Murtis to represent the deities.

  • Bells to attract the deity’s attention.

  • Coconuts to represent Ganesha.

  • Arti trays for arti ceremonies.

  • Offerings of fruit, flowers and money.

  • Fans to show that murtis are treated with respect.

  • Musical instruments for bhajans – religious songs.


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Puja

  • Puja is an act of devotion which can be carried out at home or in the Mandir.

  • A puja tray is used. It holds:

  • A bell which is rung to let the deity know the worshipper is ready to worship them.

  • Incense to carry the prayers to the deity.

  • Water, flowers & fruit to offer to the deity.

  • A spoon to be used to offer the water.

  • A diva lamp

  • A container of kum kum which is placed on the forehead of the deity.


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Arti

  • At an Arti ceremony an arti tray holding 5 flames is circled before the worshipper. They circle their hand over the tray and then over their head to receive the deity’s blessing.

  • The five flames represent the 5 elements- wind; air; water; fire; earth.


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Havan

  • Havan is a sacred fire which is burned to worship the god of fire – Agni.

  • A metal container is filled with wood. The fire is lit. Ghee, incense & rice are sprinkled over the flames.

  • Prayers and hymns are chanted.

  • The havan could be used to bless & purify a new home.

  • The worshippers receive the ashes from the fire.


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Summary

  • Traditional Mandir designs are symbolic.

  • Puja is worship & offering which can take place at home or in the mandir.

  • Arti is a ceremony where worshippers receive the deity’s blessing from the flames of the lamp.

  • Havan is a sacred fire ritual.


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