Breeds of Beef Cattle - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Breeds of beef cattle l.jpg
1 / 76

  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Pets / Animals

Breeds of Beef Cattle. An excellent resource is exhibiting 258 breeds (use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/. Longhorn. Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Breeds of Beef Cattle

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Breeds of beef cattle l.jpg

Breeds of Beef Cattle

An excellent resource is

exhibiting 258 breeds

(use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/

Longhorn l.jpg


Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).

British beef breeds l.jpg

British Beef Breeds

  • Three breeds known as the British beef breeds predominated in the US before 1960.

  • Almost all beef were HEREFORD, ANGUS or SHORTHORN.

  • All known for good eating and fattening characteristics.

Angus l.jpg


Slide5 l.jpg

Angus are BLACK (or red), are naturally polled, and have

excellent muscle quality, marbling and grading well. Angus

are naturally polled (without horns).

Slide6 l.jpg

A more modern Angus Bull, Indiana Bull Test Station

Hereford l.jpg


Hereford horned l.jpg

Hereford - Horned

Hereford horned9 l.jpg

Hereford - Horned

Herefords are red with white face, underline and socks.

They are hardy, and grade well. They were the most

predominant breed for many years, before “exotics”.

Hereford old l.jpg

An animal fitted

for show, many

years ago.

Hereford (old)

Polled hereford l.jpg

Polled Hereford

Polled hereford12 l.jpg

Polled Hereford

Polled hereford13 l.jpg

Polled Hereford

Slide14 l.jpg

Some naturally polled Herefords were used to start the Polled

Hereford breed. This animal at the Indiana Bull Test Station.

Shorthorn l.jpg


Shorthorn were never as popular as Hereford or Angus, in the

US. They fatten well. They can be red, white, or roan.

Shorthorn16 l.jpg


Red angus l.jpg

Red Angus

A mutation from black Angus resulted in Red Angus.

Beef friesian l.jpg

Beef Friesian

Derived from the dairy breed, Holstein-Friesian. Large.

Brown swiss l.jpg

Brown Swiss

Mainly a dairy breed, can be dual purpose. Huge.

Red poll l.jpg

Red Poll

Red Poll were a good, but minor breed. Not highly popular.

Exotics l.jpg


  • Breeds introduced from Europe that were much larger and more muscular than the 3 traditional British Beef Breeds were labeled as EXOTICS when they were introduced. I will keep that nomenclature, though many now are “mainstream”

My own story on exotics l.jpg

My Own story on exotics

  • In MY mind, the large breeds came into importance as they did following recognition in the US that crossbreeding with HOLSTEIN (dairy breed) resulted in fast growing, efficient, lean animals.

  • Though they failed to grade choice, they could make money anyway.

Slide23 l.jpg

  • Soon it became obvious that crossing with large breeds did not have to utilize dairy breeds; muscular draft breeds from Europe could increase size, growth rate, and leanness.

Slide24 l.jpg

  • Charolais had been in the US since 1949, but until crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

  • Then in the 70’s and 80’s many of today’s breeds were introduced to the US (or they became more popular).

Charolais l.jpg


Charolais26 l.jpg


Charolais27 l.jpg


Charolais29 l.jpg


  • White, muscular, from France

  • Very heavy muscled, especially heavy forequarters, makes calving difficulties for some cattle and crosses.

Slide32 l.jpg


  • Before the era of exotics, and in tropical areas, ZEBU cattle (humped) are popular.

  • Though they have poor growth and meat characteristics, they are heat and insect tolerant.

Brahman zebu l.jpg

Brahman - Zebu

Brahman bull correct l.jpg

Brahman Bull - “correct”

Brahman female correct l.jpg

Brahman Female “correct”

Slide36 l.jpg

Santa Gertrudas

Shorthorn x Brahman


Brahman x Hereford


Brahman x Hereford x Shorthorn


Brahman x Angus

The exotics and other breeds l.jpg

THE EXOTICSand other breeds

Simmental l.jpg


Swiss, original type, out of favor in US now.

Slide39 l.jpg

Simmental (US cross)

Slide40 l.jpg

Simmental - present day in US can be of many

color patters.

Swiss simmental cow l.jpg

Swiss Simmental Cow

Fleckvieh german simmental l.jpg

Fleckvieh (German Simmental)

Pie rouge french simmental l.jpg

Pie Rouge(French Simmental)

Maine anjou french l.jpg

Maine Anjou (French)

Maine anjou l.jpg

Maine Anjou

Blonde d aquitaine l.jpg

Blonde d’ Aquitaine

Blonde d aquitaine47 l.jpg

Blonde d’ Aquitaine

Limousin l.jpg


Limousin49 l.jpg


Limousin50 l.jpg


  • Limousin may have had more impact than most other breeds, perhaps because of good promotion activities. They have been heavily involved in crossbreeding, especially with Angus.

Chianina italy largest l.jpg

Chianina - Italy - Largest

Chianina l.jpg


Slide53 l.jpg

Chianina - Old, Large

Old, meaning one of the

oldest breeds known

Romagnola l.jpg


Italy, Very OLD

Marchigiana l.jpg



Marchigiana57 l.jpg


Gelbvieh l.jpg



Pinzgauer l.jpg


Dual Purpose


Tarentaise l.jpg



Raised in

the most



Salers l.jpg


Slide62 l.jpg

Very old breed, polled or

horned, France


Norwegian red l.jpg

Norwegian Red

Normande l.jpg


Slide65 l.jpg

Normande, large, docile

Galloway l.jpg


Scotland - small to medium framed, polled

long, soft, thick, wavy hair. Hardy. Calm.

Good carcass, cross well.

Murray grey l.jpg

Murray Grey

Murray grey68 l.jpg

Murray Grey

  • From an accidental mating of Angus x Roan Shorthorn.

  • Developed in Australia for Australian conditions.

Slide69 l.jpg




Devon l.jpg


First purebred cattle imported into US; among

the oldest breeds known. From South England.

South devon l.jpg

South Devon

Not related to

Devon (North Devon)

Scotch highland l.jpg

Scotch Highland

Scotch highland74 l.jpg

Scotch Highland

Short, stocky, hardy

cattle with shaggy

hair to protect them

from severe weather.

Top quality meat.

Luing l.jpg


From a Scottish island of that name.

Cross of Highland x Shorthorn. 1947

  • Login