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Breeds of Beef Cattle. An excellent resource is http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds exhibiting 258 breeds (use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/. Longhorn. Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).

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Breeds of beef cattle l.jpg

Breeds of Beef Cattle

An excellent resource is

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds

exhibiting 258 breeds

(use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/


Longhorn l.jpg
Longhorn

Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).


British beef breeds l.jpg
British Beef Breeds

  • Three breeds known as the British beef breeds predominated in the US before 1960.

  • Almost all beef were HEREFORD, ANGUS or SHORTHORN.

  • All known for good eating and fattening characteristics.



Slide5 l.jpg

Angus are BLACK (or red), are naturally polled, and have

excellent muscle quality, marbling and grading well. Angus

are naturally polled (without horns).





Hereford horned9 l.jpg
Hereford - Horned

Herefords are red with white face, underline and socks.

They are hardy, and grade well. They were the most

predominant breed for many years, before “exotics”.


Hereford old l.jpg

An animal fitted

for show, many

years ago.

Hereford (old)





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Some naturally polled Herefords were used to start the Polled

Hereford breed. This animal at the Indiana Bull Test Station.


Shorthorn l.jpg
Shorthorn Polled

Shorthorn were never as popular as Hereford or Angus, in the

US. They fatten well. They can be red, white, or roan.


Shorthorn16 l.jpg
Shorthorn Polled


Red angus l.jpg
Red Angus Polled

A mutation from black Angus resulted in Red Angus.


Beef friesian l.jpg
Beef Friesian Polled

Derived from the dairy breed, Holstein-Friesian. Large.


Brown swiss l.jpg
Brown Swiss Polled

Mainly a dairy breed, can be dual purpose. Huge.


Red poll l.jpg
Red Poll Polled

Red Poll were a good, but minor breed. Not highly popular.


Exotics l.jpg
“EXOTICS” Polled

  • Breeds introduced from Europe that were much larger and more muscular than the 3 traditional British Beef Breeds were labeled as EXOTICS when they were introduced. I will keep that nomenclature, though many now are “mainstream”


My own story on exotics l.jpg
My Own story on exotics Polled

  • In MY mind, the large breeds came into importance as they did following recognition in the US that crossbreeding with HOLSTEIN (dairy breed) resulted in fast growing, efficient, lean animals.

  • Though they failed to grade choice, they could make money anyway.


Slide23 l.jpg


Slide24 l.jpg


Charolais l.jpg
Charolais crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Charolais26 l.jpg
Charolais crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Charolais27 l.jpg
Charolais crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Charolais29 l.jpg
Charolais crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

  • White, muscular, from France

  • Very heavy muscled, especially heavy forequarters, makes calving difficulties for some cattle and crosses.


Slide32 l.jpg
ZEBU crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

  • Before the era of exotics, and in tropical areas, ZEBU cattle (humped) are popular.

  • Though they have poor growth and meat characteristics, they are heat and insect tolerant.


Brahman zebu l.jpg
Brahman - Zebu crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Brahman bull correct l.jpg
Brahman Bull - “correct” crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Brahman female correct l.jpg
Brahman Female “correct” crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


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Santa Gertrudas crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Shorthorn x Brahman

Braford

Brahman x Hereford

Beefmaster

Brahman x Hereford x Shorthorn

Brangus

Brahman x Angus


The exotics and other breeds l.jpg
THE EXOTICS crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.and other breeds


Simmental l.jpg
Simmental crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Swiss, original type, out of favor in US now.


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Simmental (US cross) crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


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Simmental - present day in US can be of many crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

color patters.


Swiss simmental cow l.jpg
Swiss Simmental Cow crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Fleckvieh german simmental l.jpg
Fleckvieh crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact. (German Simmental)


Pie rouge french simmental l.jpg
Pie Rouge crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.(French Simmental)


Maine anjou french l.jpg
Maine Anjou (French) crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Maine anjou l.jpg
Maine Anjou crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Blonde d aquitaine l.jpg
Blonde d’ Aquitaine crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Blonde d aquitaine47 l.jpg
Blonde d’ Aquitaine crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Limousin l.jpg
Limousin crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Limousin49 l.jpg
Limousin crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Limousin50 l.jpg
Limousin crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

  • Limousin may have had more impact than most other breeds, perhaps because of good promotion activities. They have been heavily involved in crossbreeding, especially with Angus.


Chianina italy largest l.jpg
Chianina - Italy - Largest crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Chianina l.jpg
Chianina crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Slide53 l.jpg

Chianina - Old, Large crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Old, meaning one of the

oldest breeds known


Romagnola l.jpg
Romagnola crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Italy, Very OLD


Marchigiana l.jpg
Marchigiana crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Italy


Marchigiana57 l.jpg
Marchigiana crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Gelbvieh l.jpg
Gelbvieh crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Germany


Pinzgauer l.jpg
Pinzgauer crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Dual Purpose

German


Tarentaise l.jpg
Tarentaise crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

French

Raised in

the most

mountainous

areas


Salers l.jpg
Salers crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Slide62 l.jpg

Very old breed, polled or crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

horned, France

Salers


Norwegian red l.jpg
Norwegian Red crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Normande l.jpg
Normande crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Slide65 l.jpg

Normande, large, docile crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Galloway l.jpg
Galloway crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Scotland - small to medium framed, polled

long, soft, thick, wavy hair. Hardy. Calm.

Good carcass, cross well.


Murray grey l.jpg
Murray Grey crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Murray grey68 l.jpg
Murray Grey crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

  • From an accidental mating of Angus x Roan Shorthorn.

  • Developed in Australia for Australian conditions.


Slide69 l.jpg

Devon crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Southern

England


Devon l.jpg
Devon crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

First purebred cattle imported into US; among

the oldest breeds known. From South England.


South devon l.jpg
South Devon crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Not related to

Devon (North Devon)


Scotch highland l.jpg
Scotch Highland crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.


Scotch highland74 l.jpg
Scotch Highland crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

Short, stocky, hardy

cattle with shaggy

hair to protect them

from severe weather.

Top quality meat.


Luing l.jpg
Luing crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

From a Scottish island of that name.

Cross of Highland x Shorthorn. 1947


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