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Breeds of Beef Cattle. An excellent resource is http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds exhibiting 258 breeds (use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/. Longhorn. Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).

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Breeds of Beef Cattle

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Breeds of beef cattle l.jpg

Breeds of Beef Cattle

An excellent resource is

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds

exhibiting 258 breeds

(use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/


Longhorn l.jpg

Longhorn

Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).


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British Beef Breeds

  • Three breeds known as the British beef breeds predominated in the US before 1960.

  • Almost all beef were HEREFORD, ANGUS or SHORTHORN.

  • All known for good eating and fattening characteristics.


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ANGUS


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Angus are BLACK (or red), are naturally polled, and have

excellent muscle quality, marbling and grading well. Angus

are naturally polled (without horns).


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A more modern Angus Bull, Indiana Bull Test Station


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Hereford


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Hereford - Horned


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Hereford - Horned

Herefords are red with white face, underline and socks.

They are hardy, and grade well. They were the most

predominant breed for many years, before “exotics”.


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An animal fitted

for show, many

years ago.

Hereford (old)


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Polled Hereford


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Polled Hereford


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Polled Hereford


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Some naturally polled Herefords were used to start the Polled

Hereford breed. This animal at the Indiana Bull Test Station.


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Shorthorn

Shorthorn were never as popular as Hereford or Angus, in the

US. They fatten well. They can be red, white, or roan.


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Shorthorn


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Red Angus

A mutation from black Angus resulted in Red Angus.


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Beef Friesian

Derived from the dairy breed, Holstein-Friesian. Large.


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Brown Swiss

Mainly a dairy breed, can be dual purpose. Huge.


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Red Poll

Red Poll were a good, but minor breed. Not highly popular.


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“EXOTICS”

  • Breeds introduced from Europe that were much larger and more muscular than the 3 traditional British Beef Breeds were labeled as EXOTICS when they were introduced. I will keep that nomenclature, though many now are “mainstream”


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My Own story on exotics

  • In MY mind, the large breeds came into importance as they did following recognition in the US that crossbreeding with HOLSTEIN (dairy breed) resulted in fast growing, efficient, lean animals.

  • Though they failed to grade choice, they could make money anyway.


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  • Soon it became obvious that crossing with large breeds did not have to utilize dairy breeds; muscular draft breeds from Europe could increase size, growth rate, and leanness.


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  • Charolais had been in the US since 1949, but until crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.

  • Then in the 70’s and 80’s many of today’s breeds were introduced to the US (or they became more popular).


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Charolais


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Charolais


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Charolais


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Charolais

  • White, muscular, from France

  • Very heavy muscled, especially heavy forequarters, makes calving difficulties for some cattle and crosses.


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ZEBU

  • Before the era of exotics, and in tropical areas, ZEBU cattle (humped) are popular.

  • Though they have poor growth and meat characteristics, they are heat and insect tolerant.


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Brahman - Zebu


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Brahman Bull - “correct”


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Brahman Female “correct”


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Santa Gertrudas

Shorthorn x Brahman

Braford

Brahman x Hereford

Beefmaster

Brahman x Hereford x Shorthorn

Brangus

Brahman x Angus


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THE EXOTICSand other breeds


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Simmental

Swiss, original type, out of favor in US now.


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Simmental (US cross)


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Simmental - present day in US can be of many

color patters.


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Swiss Simmental Cow


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Fleckvieh (German Simmental)


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Pie Rouge(French Simmental)


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Maine Anjou (French)


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Maine Anjou


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Blonde d’ Aquitaine


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Blonde d’ Aquitaine


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Limousin


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Limousin


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Limousin

  • Limousin may have had more impact than most other breeds, perhaps because of good promotion activities. They have been heavily involved in crossbreeding, especially with Angus.


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Chianina - Italy - Largest


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Chianina


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Chianina - Old, Large

Old, meaning one of the

oldest breeds known


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Romagnola

Italy, Very OLD


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Marchigiana

Italy


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Marchigiana


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Gelbvieh

Germany


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Pinzgauer

Dual Purpose

German


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Tarentaise

French

Raised in

the most

mountainous

areas


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Salers


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Very old breed, polled or

horned, France

Salers


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Norwegian Red


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Normande


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Normande, large, docile


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Galloway

Scotland - small to medium framed, polled

long, soft, thick, wavy hair. Hardy. Calm.

Good carcass, cross well.


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Murray Grey


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Murray Grey

  • From an accidental mating of Angus x Roan Shorthorn.

  • Developed in Australia for Australian conditions.


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Devon

Southern

England


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Devon

First purebred cattle imported into US; among

the oldest breeds known. From South England.


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South Devon

Not related to

Devon (North Devon)


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Scotch Highland


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Scotch Highland

Short, stocky, hardy

cattle with shaggy

hair to protect them

from severe weather.

Top quality meat.


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Luing

From a Scottish island of that name.

Cross of Highland x Shorthorn. 1947


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