Imperialism. Economic Causes of Imperialism. need for additional sources of raw materials & natural resources **need for new markets for Amer exports -- Amer $ invested in other nations’ economies led to political influence there and sometimes, conflict.
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materials & natural resources
-- Amer $ invested in other nations’
economies led to political influence there
and sometimes, conflict
To strengthen U.S. navy; need for “coaling stations” abroad (navy bases)
Imperialists believed in spreading western ideas and Christianity (law, medicine, religion)
nation’s destiny; noble pursuit (spread democracy, Christianity, capitalism, etc.)
(would become a U.S. protectorate)
Philippines (U.S. would vote to annex)
to the U.S. – Guam still U.S.
possession; Puerto Rico is a
1946 - Philippines given independence
1903: U.S. negotiated treaty w/ Colombia (Panama part of Col.); Col. gov’t stalled treaty; Roosevelt impatient – supported Panama’s revolt; U.S. recognized Panama’s independence then negotiated treaty w/ Panama ($10 mill; $250,000 yearly lease for 10 mi wide strip)
Early 1900’s in Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Haiti, Virgin Islands – U.S. used various methods of intervention
Made U.S. the international police power in W. Hemis.; led to U.S. intervention; damaged relations w/ Latin American nations
- Use diplomacy, but have power to enforce it and protect American interests
- Intervention if necessary
- “big stick” = the U.S. navy
1912 Wilson criticized foreign policy under TR and Taft
App’t Anti-imperialist Wm J Bryan as Sec of State
Wilson: promised US would not seek new territory but would work to promote “human rights, national integrity & opportunity”
Still ordered interventions in Haiti, DR & Mex