Rwanda, Ethnicity, and Genocide. ethnicity. Does this mean ethnicity is not “real”?. more. The Power of Identity. Violence today world wide is largely ethnic violence, wars, ethnic cleansing, genocide mainly related to ethnic and religious divisions, not mainly class struggle.
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Rwanda, Ethnicity, and Genocide
Violence today world wide is largely ethnic violence, wars, ethnic cleansing, genocide mainly related to ethnic and religious divisions, not mainly class struggle.
While “secular states” are the goal of US policy, ethnicity and religion are major ways we organize meaning.
The uncertainties of globalization
reinforce localized, ethnic identity
UN Convention on Genocide
The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace, or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethical, racial or religious group as such:
900,000 murdered in 100 days
That is about 9,000 per day, every day, for more than three months
“Be careful. Legal at State was worried about this yesterday — Genocide finding could commit [the US government] to actually ‘do something.’ ”
May 1, 1994
Critic of Bush policy on Iraq. Managed US policy on Rwanda and staunchly opposed any intervention and demanded the removal of UN peacekeeping forces.
When UNAMIR officers said 5000 troops could stop the killing, the UN, under US pressure, withdrew all peacekeepers.
There are more phone lines in Manhatten or Tokyo than all of sub-saharan Africa
Combined export earnings of 45 African countries (500 million people) declined from $50 billion in 1980 to $36 billion in 1990
World imports from Africa declined from 3.7% in 1980 to 1.4% in 1995
Food imports have grown 10% since 1980 in a continent that was once a food exporter
After a hefty growth of industry in the 1960s and a small increase in the 1970s, Africa’s industrial economy collapsed in the 1980s and had negative growth
International aid accounts for 12.4% of GNP in Africa; 2/3 of GNP in Mozambique and half in Somaila