Rwanda genocide
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Rwanda Genocide. By Merisa, Brandon, John, David, Alexis. Rwanda Background. In Rwanda the Tutsis are the minority in terms of population. They held the most power and land. This was brought about by favoritism towards them when Rwanda was under Belgian Rule.

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Rwanda Genocide

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Rwanda genocide

RadiSys Corporation Confidential

Rwanda Genocide

By Merisa, Brandon, John, David, Alexis


Rwanda background

RadiSys Corporation Confidential

Rwanda Background

  • In Rwanda the Tutsis are the minority in terms of population. They held the most power and land. This was brought about by favoritism towards them when Rwanda was under Belgian Rule.

  • The Hutus were the majority in terms of population.


Before the genocide

Before the Genocide

  • In 1990 Rwanda was invaded by the Rwandan Partiotic Front(RPF). Most of these soldiers were Tutsi refugees. Many Hutus were killed.

  • In 1993 he United Nations sent peacekeepers to maintain a peace accord.

  • Over the next few months presidents from both countries and tribes were killed suspiciously.

  • In April 1994 the Rwandan and Burundi presidents were killed. Hutu extremist retaliated by killing 11 United Nations Peacekeepers.

  • After this killing the peacekeeping mission came to abrupt halt and the UN evacuated all peacekeepers.


The perpetrators and their gain of power

The Perpetrators and their Gain of Power

  • The perpetrators were Hutu

  • When independence was gained the country divided into two. Rwanda and Burundi.

  • Through elections in Rwanda the Hutus gained government power.

  • The Tutsis controlled the government in Burundi.


Rwanda genocide1

RadiSys Corporation Confidential

Rwanda Genocide

  • The genocide began on April 6th, 1994

  • The genocide lasted for 100 days.

  • Extremist leaders from the Hutu majority started to murder the Tutsi minority.

  • Nearly one million Tutsis were killed. Thousands of women were raped. Hutus who hid Tutsis were killed.

  • The Tutsis were killed because the Hutus militants made people believe that they were the enemy out to kill them first.


The victims

RadiSys Corporation Confidential

The Victims

http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/world/2008/11/20/sbm.juliettes.story.cnn?iref=videosearch

This video is a interview survivor of the Rwandan genocide.


How was the genocide carried out

RadiSys Corporation Confidential

How was the Genocide Carried Out

  • The Hutus militia that carried it out killed the Tutsis just by using machettes and clubs.

  • They were trained ahead of time.

  • The Hutu militia used constant propaganda to incite their followers

  • They used the radio to broadcast that the tutsis were cockroaches and devils. They also used the radios and speakerphones to tell the location of fleeing Tutsis. The Tutsis also couldn’t jam the radio signals because they didn’t have the technology.


Genocide

RadiSys Corporation Confidential

Genocide

  • Genocide- the intent to kill a specific group of people.

  • This fits the definition of genocide because the Hutu intended to completely eliminate the Tutsis.


The media

The Media

  • #1. In the media the perpetrators were portrayed as cruel and wild.

  • Rusesabagina said, "We knew there were intentions between Hutus and Tutsis," he said. "But we never believed that people can be so cruel -- can be so wild."

  • #2. The victims were portrayed as brave and courageous by Obama. "As we mourn their senseless passing, we must also acknowledge the courageous men and women who survived the genocide and have since demonstrated remarkable strength and generosity in forgiving those who committed these heinous acts,"

  • #3. the media thought the perpetrators should be sentenced to life in prison. ''The most appropriate sentence in respect of each of the accused is imprisonment for the remainder of their lives,'' prosecutor Makwaia


Sources

Sources

Primary

  • "Video - Breaking News Videos from CNN.com." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. 20 Nov. 2008. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. 18 May 2009 <http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/world/2008/11/20/sbm.juliettes.story.cnn?iref=videosearch>.

  • Fower, Jerry. "Rwanda." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 19 May 2009 <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10007216>. Picture

  • Mwendo, Lilian. "The 1994 Rwanda genocide still fresh in the minds of Rwandese." Kenya Broadcasting Corporation:. 31 July 2007. Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. 19 May 2009 http://www.kbc.co.ke/story.asp?ID=44103.Picture of skulls

  • "The Rwandan Genocide 1994, remembering (part I)." The Salon. 6 Apr. 2005. 19 May 2009 http://themalau.blogspot.com/2005/04/rwandan-genocide-1994-remembering-part.html Picture

  • "Rwandan held in Germany over 1994 assassination - CNN.com." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. 10 Nov. 2008. 19 May 2009 <http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/11/10/germany.rwanda/index.html?iref=newssearch>.

  • "? Blog Archive ? Breaking News: New Genocide Threatens Rwanda." Operation Broken Silence. Operation Broken Silence. 20 May 2009 <http://operationbrokensilence.org/2009/04/06/breaking-news-new-genocide-threatens-rwanda/>.

  • "File:Rwandan Genocide Murambi bodies.jpg -." Wikimedia Commons. 20 May 2009 <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rwandan_Genocide_Murambi_bodies.jpg>.


Sources1

Sources

Secondary

  • "Rwanda genocide encyclopedia topics | Reference.com." Reference.com An Ask.com Service Reference.com. Dictionary.com. 19 May 2009 <http://www.reference.com/browse/rwanda%20genocide>.

  • Ariosto, David. "15 years later, Rwanda remembers the massacre - CNN.com." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. 7 Apr. 2009. 19 May 2009 http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/africa/04/07/rwanda.anniversary/index.html?iref=newssearch

  • Nasaw, Daniel. "US government to try African in Kansas on Rwanda-linked charges | World news | guardian.co.uk." Latest news, sport, business, comment and reviews from the Guardian | guardian.co.uk. 24 Apr. 2009. Guardian News and Media Limited. 19 May 2009 <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/apr/24/rwanda-genocide-us-trial-kansas>.

  • "Rwanda." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 19 May 2009 <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10007216>.

  • "Rwandan held in Germany over 1994 assassination - CNN.com." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. 10 Nov. 2008. 19 May 2009 <http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/11/10/germany.rwanda/index.html?iref=newssearch>.

  • Bouwknegt, Thijs. "Prosecutors wrap up longest Rwanda genocide trial - Radio Netherlands Worldwide - International Justice." Radio Netherlands Worldwide - English. 22 Apr. 2009. Radio Netherlands Worldwide. 20 May 2009 <http://www.rnw.nl/internationaljustice/tribunals/ICTR/090422-rwanda-Nyiramasuhuko>.


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