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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:. (OCD ) Obsessions – unwanted thoughts, ideas or mental images that occur over and over again. Compulsions – repetitive ritual behaviors, often involving checking or cleaning something. . Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:.

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obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:

(OCD )

Obsessions – unwanted thoughts, ideas or mental images that occur over and over again.

Compulsions – repetitive ritual behaviors, often involving checking or cleaning something.

obsessive compulsive disorder1
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:

The people who experience obsessions are usually aware that the obsessions are justified.

Obsessions can be time consuming and create additional interference with daily life.

stress disorder
Stress Disorder:

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder – intense, persistent feelings of anxiety that are caused by an experience so traumatic that it would produce stress in almost anyone.

Ex. 1/3 of the victims of Hurricane Andrew (1992) developed PTSD.

stress disorder1
Stress Disorder:
  • Symptoms may occur 6 months or more after the traumatic event and can last years or decades.
  • NOT everyone who goes through a traumatic experience will create PTSD.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder –


- Flashbacks- Nightmares- Numbness of feelings - Increased tension- Sleep disturbances - Poor concentration - Irritability

what causes anxiety disorders
What causes ‘Anxiety Disorders’?

Psychological Viewpoint –

Phobias are conditioned or learned.

During childhood they experienced a traumatic event.

The negative response is how people cope with their anxiety.

what causes anxiety disorders1
What causes ‘Anxiety Disorders’?

Biological Viewpoint –

Inherited genes

Study: If one pair of identical twins showed signs of an anxiety disorder, there was a 45% chance that the other twin would have the same disorder.

Study: If you have a pair of fraternal twins, they only have a 15% chance of a similar disorder.

dissociative disorders
Dissociative Disorders:

Dissociation – refers to the separation of certain personality components or mental processes from conscious thought.

Ex. If you are reading a book, you might not hear your name being called.

dissociative amnesia
Dissociative Amnesia:

Dissociative Amnesia –

Sudden loss of memory

Can not remember their name, recognize friends or recall personal information.

dissociative fugue
Dissociative Fugue:

Dissociative Fugue –

Forgetting personal information and past events but also by suddenly relocating from home or work and taking a new identity.

Ex. Wartime or natural disasters

Once the fugue time ENDS they no longer remember what happened during the fugue state.

dissociative identity disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder:
  • Also known as Multiple Personality Disorder.
  • The existence of two or more personalities within a single individual.
  • Each personality is different including:

Voice, Facial Expressions, Age, Gender & Physical characteristics

depersonalization disorder
Depersonalization Disorder:

Feelings of detachment from one’s mental processes or body and feelings of being ‘outside of their own body’.

paranoid personality disorder
Paranoid Personality Disorder:

PPD – people tend to be distrustful and suspicious of others and to interpret other’s motives as harmful or evil.

Difficult to get along with, argumentative.

They are NOT confused with reality.

schizoid personality disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder:

No interest in relationships with others.

Lack normal emotional responsiveness.

They do NOT become attached to people.

They do NOT have delusions or hallucinations staying in touch with reality.

antisocial personality disorder
Antisocial Personality Disorder:

People who show a constant behavior pattern where they disregard the rights of others.

Typically they do not feel guilt or remorse for their antisocial behaviors.

In childhood or early adolescence they might run away, hurt other people or animals, aggression or reckless.

avoidant personality disorder
Avoidant Personality Disorder:

People desire relationships with other people.

They are afraid of relationships because they have a fear of the disapproval of others.

They might act shy and withdrawn in social situations because of the fear of embarrassment.

tourette syndrome
Tourette Syndrome:

TS can be an inherited disorder of the nervous system, characterized by a variable expression of unwanted movements and noises (tics).


A person’s unrealistic preoccupation with thoughts that he or she has a serious disease.

People become absorbed by minor symptoms and sensations convinced that the issue is a serious medical problem.