Obsessive compulsive disorder
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. What Is It?. Traps people in endless cycles of repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and in feelings that they must repeat certain actions (compulsions).

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Presentation Transcript

What is it
What Is It?

  • Traps people in endless cycles of repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and in feelings that they must repeat certain actions (compulsions).

    • Obsession: A young woman is continuously terrified by the thought that cars might careen onto the sidewalk and run her over.

    • Compulsion: She always walks as far from the street pavement and wears red clothes so that she will be immediately visible to an out-of-control car.

Why is it an anxiety disorder
Why is it an Anxiety Disorder?

  • People with OCD feel as though they don’t know anything with certainty

    • Senses aren’t trusted—hand washing example

  • May know that their obsession is “crazy” but are powerless to stop it.

Who has ocd
Who has OCD?

  • Estimate that 4 million Americans have OCD at some point in their lives

    • Occurs at all age and socioeconomic levels

    • Usually appears before age 25

  • Tends to run in families

    • Suggests a biological component

Treatment options
Treatment Options

  • Exposure and Response Prevention

    • Issue with germs? Touch something germy and DON’T wash hands

  • Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

    • Rework thought processes—severe avoidance of germs is unnecessary and unrealistic

  • Body Focused Therapy

    • Get out of your head and pay attention to body

More treatment options
More Treatment Options

  • Postpone Obsessing

  • Change ways to obsess

  • Audiotape Technique