French and Indian War. 1754-1763. Albany Plan of Union. Held in Albany, New York, July, 1754. Purpose was to get the Iroquois on colonists side and create a mutual plan of defense for the colonies. Benjamin Franklin was behind the plan. Rejected by every colonial legislature.
Held in Albany, New York, July, 1754. Purpose was to get the Iroquois on colonists side and create a mutual plan of defense for the colonies. Benjamin Franklin was behind the plan. Rejected by every colonial legislature.
Huron and Algonquin sided with the French.
Iroquois side with British
Highly respected British officer who learned his trade on the open plains of Europe. Used “linear” tactics. Wore bright red uniforms. Traveled overland from Virginia, had to cut down trees to make a road.
July 9, 1755, British column attacked 12 miles from Ft. Duquesne. Of the 1,500 men, 977 were killed , wounded, or captured. 63 of 89 officers killed. Braddock mortally wounded. Washington has two horses shot from under him. Organizes a successful retreat.
Becomes Prime Minister and proclaims, “I know I can save England. And none else can.” Changed British strategy. Replace older generals with young commanders willing to adapt to fighting in America.
“Cut St. Lawrence Supply Line”. July 26, 1758 Amherst Captures Louisbourg. Supplies to interior are cut. Ft. Duquesne is abandoned. Forbes occupies without a strugge.
Located on high bluff above St. Lawrence river, key to Canada. Wolfe, Saunders, begin siege June 27. September 12, 4,000 British troops scale the cliffs behind the fort, assemble on the “Plains of Abraham”. Wolfe and French commander are both killed in the ensuing battle. Quebec falls.
September 8, 1760, Amherst captures Montreal. Fighting ends in North America.
February 8, 1763, treaty ending war is signed in Paris. Britain gets all French claims in North America except New Orleans, two islands off Newfoundland, and ywo sugar islands in the Caribbean.