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French and Indian War. Prelude and Causes. British/French Rivalry. Wars in Europe. Wars in America. King William’s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) King George’s War (1744-1748). War of the League of Augsburg (1689-1697) War of the Spanish Secession (1702-1713)

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French and indian war

French and Indian War

Prelude and Causes

British french rivalry
British/French Rivalry

Wars in Europe

Wars in America

King William’s War (1689-1697)

Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)

King George’s War (1744-1748)

  • War of the League of Augsburg (1689-1697)

  • War of the Spanish Secession (1702-1713)

  • War of the Austrian Secession (1740-1748)


King William’s: No territorial changes.

Queen Anne’s: Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Hudson Bay become British.

Deerfield Massacre.

King George’s: Louisbourg captured, but later returned.

Ohio river country
Ohio River Country

In the early 1750’s both side eye the Ohio River country.

French moves
French Moves

1751: Official French policy is to drive British from the Ohio Country. They begin to build a string of forts.

Ohio land company
Ohio Land Company

In 1753 Ohio Land Company is formed. They are given 200,000 acres of land.

Company is formed by wealthy Virginians. Robert Dinwiddie and Lawrence Washington are just two.

George washington
George Washington

Dinwiddie sends Lawrence Washington’s brother, George, into the Ohio Country with a message to: GET OUT! The French reject.

Fort duquesne
Fort Duquesne

April 17, 1754: French sieze control of British fort at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahila rivers.

Re-name captured fort, Fort Duquesne

Washington attacks
Washington Attacks

May 28, 1754: Washington encounters a small French force. Half King kills Jumonville after he has surrendered. Surviving French escape to warn of the British.

July 3 1754
July 3, 1754

700 French with Indians allies attack Washington. Outnumbered, his forces surrender.

Surrender document
Surrender Document

The surrender document is written in French. Washington signs not knowing that the surrender terms accuse him of murdering a French Diplomat, Jumonville.

French and indian war

  • This incident marks the beginning French and Indian War in North American.

  • Two years later, war will break out on the world’s stage called The Seven Years War.