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Hydrocarbons. Saturated Hydrocarbons – Only have single bonds Another name is alkane The alkanes hold the maximum number of hydrogen per carbon atom. 3 Types of Saturated Hydrocarbons. 1) Straight chains Ex: Butane C 4 H 10 2) Branched chains 3) Rings

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hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons

Saturated Hydrocarbons –

Only have single bonds

Another name is alkane

The alkanes hold the maximum number of hydrogen per carbon atom.

3 types of saturated hydrocarbons
3 Types of Saturated Hydrocarbons

1) Straight chains

    • Ex: Butane C4 H10

2) Branched chains 3) Rings

  • Ex: Isobutane C4 H10-Ex: Cyclopentane & Cyclohexane
isomers
Isomers

Did you notice Butane and Isobutane both had the formula C4H10?

An isomer is a compound with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.

unsaturated hydrocarbons when hydrocarbons have one or more multiple bonds
Unsaturated Hydrocarbonswhen hydrocarbons have one or more multiple bonds.
  • If it has double bonds it is called an alkene
  • Ex: Ethene
  • If it has triple bonds it is called an alkyne
  • Ex: Ethyne
common hydrocarbon prefixes
Common Hydrocarbon Prefixes
  • The prefix added to ane, ene or yne tells the number of carbon atoms in the compound.
  • 1 = meth
  • 2 = eth
  • 3 = prop
  • 4 = but
  • 5 = pent
  • ane = single bond
  • ene = double bond
  • yne = triple bond