Child Obesity Presentation by:
CHILDHOOD OBESITY • children who tend to have excessive body fat • weight is beyond the normal weight • common in children having a genetic predisposition to obesity
WHO IS AT RISK • Important risk factors • Regular consumption of foods that have more sugar and fat • Being less physically active • Watching TV regularly and playing video games • Having stress • Belonging to family which is overweight • low income background • Having hormone disorders
CLASSIFYING CHILDHOOD OBESITY • Classified on the basis of its seriousness • Classified according to the BMI (Body Mass Index) readings • The table in the next sldie characterizes the BMI for children between 2 to 20 years according to their genders.
CLASSIFYING CHILDHOOD OBESITY BMI for age percentiles for girls 2 to 20 years of age. BMI for age percentiles for boys 2 to 20 years of age
EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY ON THE HEALTH • Cause numerous other physical problems such as • cardiac problems • Cancer • sleep apnea • high blood pressures • Metabolic problems like Diabetes • hormonal problems • face depression and low self esteem.
WHAT CAUSES CHILDHOOD OBESITY • Diet • Inactive lifestyle • Genetic influence • Household environment • Developmental influence • Medical problems • Psychological impact
COMPLICATIONS RESULTING FROM CHILDHOOD OBESITY • Type II Diabetes • Elevated cholesterol level and high blood pressure • Metabolic problems • Liver problems • Facing joint and bone problems • Suffering from respiratory problems • Having sleep disorders • Early puberty or menstruation • Suffering from psychological problems • Excessive fatigue and lethargy
MANAGEMENT OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY • Lifestyle changes • Games • Sports • Swimming • Exercises • Medication • Medicines that are used to prevent the intestinal absorption of fat