Soil Erosion. Grading Standards in the UDC. The purpose of erosion control as stated in the UDC is to prevent or reduce the potential deposition of soil or sediment to the waters of the state and adjacent properties.
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Grading Standards in the UDC • The purpose of erosion control as stated in the UDC is to prevent or reduce the potential deposition of soil or sediment to the waters of the state and adjacent properties. • The finished grade of the soil shall slope away from the dwelling at a rate of at least ½ inch per foot • The graded slope away from the dwelling shall be at least a minimum distance of 10 feet, or to the lot line, whichever is less.
Controls Come First • Land disturbing construction activities, except those activities necessary to implement erosion or sediment control practices, may not begin until the sediment control practices are in place for each area to be disturbed in accordance with the approved plan.
A disturbed area shall be considered stabilized by vegetation when a perennial cover has been established with a density of at least 70%.
Mandated Practices for Less than 1 Acre Disturbances • A method to prevent or reduce soil from leaving the site via entries or roads. • Storm water inlet protection. • Protection of adjoining waters. • Drainage way protection. • Dewatering activity sediment reduction. • Stockpile protection.
5 Methods • The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation. • Silt fences. • Seed and mulch. • Best Management Practices to achieve 40% reduction in sediment load. • A unique designed submitted for review.
More than 1 Acre Sites • An 80% sediment load reduction is required. • Mandated practices are the same as small sites.
Methods • Same methods as small sites except silt fences are not recognized.
Stone Tracking Pad • Either a stone tracking pad or tire washing station shall be used at all points of construction egress. • This standard applies where construction traffic is likely to transport sediment off site. • The aggregate in a tracking pad shall be placed in a layer at least 12 inches thick.
Tracking Pad • Stone tracking pads shall be underlain with a WisDOT Type R geotextile fabric to prevent migration of underlying soil into the stone if: • Site has a high water table • Where saturated soil conditions are expected
Tracking Pads • The tracking pad shall be • the full width of the egress point. • a minimum 50 feet long.
Tracking Pads • Surface water must be prevented from passing through the tracking pad. Flows shall be diverted away from tracking pads or conveyed under and around them. • A culvert would be an approved method. • A tracking pad plan shall include the name of the responsible party.
Tire Washing Station • A tire washing station is another method of dealing with keeping soil on the site. It must be located on-site. • The wash rack for a tire washing station shall consist of heavy grating over a lowered area. • Rocks lodged between the tires of dual wheel vehicles shall be removed prior to leaving the construction site. • All plans for tracking pads or washing, standard detail drawings, or specifications shall include a schedule for installation, inspection and maintenance
Maintenance • Any sediment tracked onto a public or private road should be removed by street cleaning NOT flushing before the end of each working day. • Tracking pads and tire washing stations shall, at a minimum, be inspected weekly. • 24 hours after a precipitation event that produces 0.5 inches of rain or more during a 24-hour period would create a new mandatory inspection of a tracking pad.
Maintenance • The tracking pad performance shall be maintained by scraping or top-dressing with additional aggregate. • If the initial thickness of a tracking pad is 12 inches and must be maintained at 12 inches.
A shallow trench or diversion dam that diverts surface water runoff into a dispersion area is called a water bar.
Permits • Landowners of most construction projects where one or more acres of land will be disturbed must obtain a WPDES Construction Site Erosion Control and Storm Water Discharge Permit. • If the landowner doesn’t have proper permit coverage, they could be fined up to $10,000 per day.
Landowners of most construction projects where one or more acres of land will be disturbed must obtain a WPDES Construction Site Erosion Control and Storm Water Discharge Permit. • Landowners need to submit an application called a Notice of Intent (NOI) to request coverage under the Construction Site Storm Water Runoff General Permit No. WIS067831.
Permits • Disturbing one acre or more of land includes clearing, grading, and excavating or stockpiling of fill material • All construction sites disturbing 1 acre or more (with few exceptions) need storm water permit coverage! • The landowner submits the permit application.
Common pollutants in runoff include sediment, oil, grease, nitrogen and phosphorus • Preventing contamination of storm water is critically important or polluted runoff will be discharged – untreated - into the water bodies we use for swimming, fishing, and drinking water. • Most storm sewer systems do not provide significant treatment to the water they collect.
The erosion control and storm water management plans must be completed before the landowner files an NOI • The landowner is required to develop a long-term storm water maintenance agreement that is to be finalized prior to submitting the NOI to the DNR.
Exceptions to General Applicability ofPost-Construction Standards • Notices of Intent prior to October 1, 2004 – Includes submittals to DNR or DSPS • Redevelopment site with no increase in parking lots or roads • Post-construction site with less than 10% connected imperviousness ( unless parking lots plus rooftops > 1 acre) • Agricultural facilities and practices
The four areas of an acceptable stormwater management plan includes • Introduction and general information • Practices (Best Management Practices) • Normal Operating Procedures • Maintenance
Silt Fences • A silt fence is a temporary sediment barrier of entrenched geotextile fabric designed to intercept and slow the flow of runoff. • A silt fence shall be a minimum of 14 inches high?
Building a Silt Fence • When using wood supports, the silt fence fabric shall be stapled at least 0.5 inches • Wood silt fence supports can be made from hickory or oak • Steel supports for silt supports shall be a minimum of 20 inches extending into the ground. • For steel support for silt fencing the fabric shall be attached with 50 pound plastic ties or wire fasteners
The trench for a silt fence can be 4 inch wide by 6 inch deep or a 6 inch deep V trench on the upslope side of the fence. • The maximum height for a silt fence is 28 inches. • Silt fences shall be removed once the disturbed area is permanently stabilized and no longer susceptible to erosion.
Sediment • Too much sediment in a waterbody can cloud the water and make it difficult or impossible for aquatic plants to receive the sunlight they need to grow.