What happened at the Lost Colony of Roanoke? . Queen Eliz. Gave Sir Walter Raleigh the right to claim land in N. America Roanoke Island, N Carolina 1585 Raleigh sent 100 men--went home after bad winter 2 years later--another group with John White White went to get supplies
Queen Eliz. Gave Sir Walter Raleigh the right to claim land in N. America
Roanoke Island, N Carolina
1585 Raleigh sent 100 men--went home after bad winter
2 years later--another group with John White
White went to get supplies
Returned 3 yrs. Later--everyone gone--CROATOAN on fencepostCornell Notes: Early English Settlements
How did the Virginia Co. start?
What happened Jamestown?
What did John Smith do to help?
The right to organize settlements in an area--from the king
Group of merchants formed a joint-stock company--investors bought stock in the company
1606--144 settlers, 3 ships went to N. America--look for gold, fish, furs
James river, king James
Mosquitos, malaria, humid, indians, bad farmland
Looked for gold, planted no food
38 died from disease, hunger
Forced settlers to workCornell Notes: Early English Settlements
How did Tobacco save the colony of Jamestown?
Problems with Native Americans
No gold or silver, but they grew tobacco and made money that way
John Rolfe’s idea to grow tobacco-sweeter type
Improved relations with Indians
Rolfe married PocahontasCornell Notes: Early English Settlements
Who were the New arrivals and why did they come?
Early on in Jamestown, all men, military rule
Strict rules, rigid discipline
As the colony grew, colonists did not like taking orders from the Virginia company in England
1619--Company gave some say in the government to the colonists
House of Burgesses--elected representatives--allowed to make local laws for the colony
100 women set in 1619--men paid to marry them.Cornell Notes: Early English Settlements
The Dutch founded the colony of New Netherland in 1613
A trading post--furs
Town of New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island
English captured the colony, named it New York
Duke of York named Carteret and Berkeley proprietors (leaders) of New JerseyMiddle Colonies Cornell Notes
Quakers--Society of friends--believed in equality of men and women before God.
Lived in New Jersey.
Religious tolerance for all people
William Penn wanted to establish a new colony --a safe place for Quakers
Pennsylvania charter granted to Penn
Penn limited his own power
Established an elected assembly
Promised religious freedom
Philadelphia named the capital--Brotherly LoveMiddle Colonies Cornell Notes
Combination of the Southern and New England colonies
Good climate, rich soil, large amounts of staple crops
Staple Crop--crops always needed
Slaves more important than New England
Used more indentured servants
135,000 indent. Serv.m half moved to Philly.
Philly became largest city.
Trade was important--exported wheat
Women were important, ran farms and businesses.
Women worked in the home, mostly
Colonial laws limited women’s economic opportunitiesMiddle Colonies Cornell Notes