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What happened at the Lost Colony of Roanoke? . Queen Eliz. Gave Sir Walter Raleigh the right to claim land in N. America Roanoke Island, N Carolina 1585 Raleigh sent 100 men--went home after bad winter 2 years later--another group with John White White went to get supplies

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cornell notes early english settlements
What happened at the Lost Colony of Roanoke?

Queen Eliz. Gave Sir Walter Raleigh the right to claim land in N. America

Roanoke Island, N Carolina

1585 Raleigh sent 100 men--went home after bad winter

2 years later--another group with John White

White went to get supplies

Returned 3 yrs. Later--everyone gone--CROATOAN on fencepost

Cornell Notes: Early English Settlements
cornell notes early english settlements2
What is a charter?

How did the Virginia Co. start?

What happened Jamestown?

What did John Smith do to help?

The right to organize settlements in an area--from the king

Group of merchants formed a joint-stock company--investors bought stock in the company

1606--144 settlers, 3 ships went to N. America--look for gold, fish, furs

James river, king James

Mosquitos, malaria, humid, indians, bad farmland

Looked for gold, planted no food

38 died from disease, hunger

Forced settlers to work

Cornell Notes: Early English Settlements
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What happened after Smith left?

How did Tobacco save the colony of Jamestown?

Starving time1609-1610

Problems with Native Americans

60 survived

No gold or silver, but they grew tobacco and made money that way

John Rolfe’s idea to grow tobacco-sweeter type

Improved relations with Indians

Rolfe married Pocahontas

Cornell Notes: Early English Settlements
cornell notes early english settlements4
What is a Representative Government and why did it occur in Jamestown?

Who were the New arrivals and why did they come?

Early on in Jamestown, all men, military rule

Strict rules, rigid discipline

As the colony grew, colonists did not like taking orders from the Virginia company in England

1619--Company gave some say in the government to the colonists

House of Burgesses--elected representatives--allowed to make local laws for the colony

100 women set in 1619--men paid to marry them.

Cornell Notes: Early English Settlements
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When and why were the first Africans brought to Jamestown?Cornell Notes: Early English Settlements
  • 1619 20 Africans were brought to Jamestown.
  • May have been brought as servants
  • Until 1640, some African laborers were free and even owned property
  • Slavery 1st recognized in Virginia law 1661.
middle colonies cornell notes
New York & New Jersey

The Dutch founded the colony of New Netherland in 1613

A trading post--furs

Town of New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island

Religious tolerance

Peter Stuyvesant--leader

English captured the colony, named it New York

Duke of York named Carteret and Berkeley proprietors (leaders) of New Jersey

Middle Colonies Cornell Notes
middle colonies cornell notes7
Penn’s Colony

Quakers--Society of friends--believed in equality of men and women before God.

Lived in New Jersey.

Supported non-violence

Religious tolerance for all people

William Penn wanted to establish a new colony --a safe place for Quakers

Pennsylvania charter granted to Penn

Penn limited his own power

Established an elected assembly

Promised religious freedom

Philadelphia named the capital--Brotherly Love

Middle Colonies Cornell Notes
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Economy of the Middle Colonies

Combination of the Southern and New England colonies

Good climate, rich soil, large amounts of staple crops

Staple Crop--crops always needed

Slaves more important than New England

Used more indentured servants

135,000 indent. Serv.m half moved to Philly.

Philly became largest city.

Trade was important--exported wheat

Women were important, ran farms and businesses.

Women worked in the home, mostly

Colonial laws limited women’s economic opportunities

Middle Colonies Cornell Notes
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Agenda
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  • Order In History Notebook:
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