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Early Settlements. Jamestown & Plymouth. Jamestown. first permanent settlement in America Established in Virginia in 1607 Established to seek/use/exploit the area’s mineral resources Three ships carried 105 people http://www.apva.org/history/orig.html. Hardships in Jamestown.

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early settlements
Early Settlements
  • Jamestown
  • &
  • Plymouth
jamestown
Jamestown
  • first permanent settlement in America
  • Established in Virginia in 1607
  • Established to seek/use/exploit the area’s mineral resources
  • Three ships carried 105 people
  • http://www.apva.org/history/orig.html
hardships in jamestown
Hardships in Jamestown
  • Swampy, low-lying site --impure drinking water, disease, malaria
  • Starving time - winter of 1609-1610 --forced to eat dogs, cats, rats, snakes, toadstools, horsehides, carcasses of dead men
  • 2/3 died from illness & malnutrition
  • No gold
john smith
John Smith
  • Led Jamestown
  • Kept the colony together until 1608 --Jamestown reached its lowest point in the winter 1609-1610
  • Famous connection to Pocahantas (myth - love story)
how did it survive
How did it survive?
  • 1610 -more colonists return
  • Learned to grow tobacco & corn for export
  • Powhatan Native Americans helped
house of burgesses
House of Burgesses
  • 1619 - first meeting held
  • House of Burgesses - first representative legislative body in the New World
magna carta
Magna Carta
  • 1215 - English nobles forced King John to sign the Great Charter
  • Stated that the kings could not raise taxes without consulting the council of nobles and church leaders
  • This council would lead to the development of Parliament (House of Lords & House of Commons)
plymouth ma
Plymouth, MA
  • Pilgrims settle Plymouth in 1620 (Cape Cod)
  • Travelled on the Mayflower - 102 men, women & children
who were the pilgrims
Who were the Pilgrims?
  • Separatists - Protestants who wanted to separate from the Church of England (radical Puritans)
  • Early 1600’s this group of Pilgrims travelled from England to Leiden (Netherlands)
  • Netherlands - allowed to worship freely BUT wanted children to grow up English, not Dutch
  • Non-separatists also traveled to the New World
  • Won a charter to establish a colony in Virginia
mayflower compact
Mayflower Compact
  • November 11, 1620 - males signed the compact
  • Framework for governing the colony --united into a “civil body politic” of government
  • Agreed to abide by laws that insured the good of the colony
  • Beginning of government by the people in the New World
life in plymouth
Life in Plymouth
  • Early on they faced starvation BUT Native Americans helped them (Squanto) --showed them how to plant (Pokanokets - Massasoit)
  • Special harvest led to Thanksgiving
  • However, children of Pilgrims will fight with and kill Native Americans
  • Instilled fear in the Native Americans
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