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Role of PDs/CEOs in rural sanitation – an overview. By J.S.MATHUR JOINT SECRETARY Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation Ministry of Rural Development Government of India CONFERENCE OF PDS/CEOS VIGYAN BHAWAN, NEW DELHI 22 nd June, 2011. Why is Total Sanitation a must ?.

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role of pds ceos in rural sanitation an overview
Role of PDs/CEOs in rural sanitation – an overview

By

J.S.MATHUR

JOINT SECRETARY

Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation

Ministry of Rural Development

Government of India

CONFERENCE OF PDS/CEOS

VIGYAN BHAWAN, NEW DELHI

22nd June, 2011

why is total sanitation a must
Why is Total Sanitation a must ?
  • Causes most deaths due to gastro-intestinal diseases, jaundice, worms etc.
  • Expenditure on medical aid cuts the poor man’s pocket
  • Education suffers because children cannot attend school
  • Adolescent girls & women do not have privacy & dignity
  • Sanitation affects all Millennium Development Goals
tsc aims targets
TSC- aims & targets
  • To achieve Universal Rural Sanitation Coverage
  • To cover all schools and anganwadis with toilets
  • Eradicate the practice of open defecation
  • Clean environment with solid & liquid waste management
  • Improve the general quality oflife in rural areas
rural sanitation coverage
Rural Sanitation Coverage

1980-90 Int’l Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation Decade

1986-99 : Central Rural Sanitation Programme

state wise achievement in ihhls tsc
% State-wise achievement in IHHLs(TSC)

>90% (5)

51-90% (15)

36-50% (5)

<35% (5)

All India (50.84%)

state wise achievement in school toilets
% State-wise achievement in School Toilets

100%(5)

83-99%(12)

66-82%(6)

<65%(5)

state wise achievement in anganwadi toilets
% State-wise achievement in Anganwadi Toilets

100 %(5)

81-99%(10)

60-80%(4)

<50%(10)

sanitation coverage in rural areas over years independent assessment
Sanitation coverage in rural areas over years (Independent Assessment)

103 million new users as per WHO-Unicef Data since the year 2000, against population growth of 88 million in rural India

slide10
Usage Lags Behind AccessAccess and use of household toilets in NGP Villages(As per TARU-Unicef Study-2008 conducted in six states and 162 GPs )
slide11
REASONS FOR DYSFUNCTIONAL TOILETS

(As per preliminary findings of CMS study 2010 conducted in 664 NGPs in 12 states)

Functionality

effective iec and hrd
Effective IEC and HRD
  • Awareness creation is KEY .
  • Capacity Building & Training of stake- holders is TURNING POINT.
  • District level Program Manager : A CHAMPION.
  • Missionary zeal : MISSION MODE.
  • Dissemination of Message: EXPERIENCE SHARING.
  • Dedicated Team of MOTIVATORS and VOLUNTEERS.
  • Collective COMMUNITY Action: A Peoples’ Movement
  • CONVERGENCE : Officials / Non- Officials / Public
  • EXPOSURE VISITS.

12

effective iec
Effective IEC
  • People should understand
  • Must hit people hard
  • Local solutions for local conditions
  • Campaign to generate felt need for Total Sanitation
  • Use of simple language, local idiom, social mores
slide14
Recent initiatives
  • Sanction of Consultants at State and district levels
  • Setting up of Block Resource Centres
  • Identification of Key Resource Centres
  • Strategic Action Plan 2012-22 finalised
  • Revision of incentives & unit costs
  • Conference of Hon’ State Ministers
  • Earmarked funds for SCs/STs
slide15
Gaps and issues
  • Local strategies(IEC) to deal with different terrains, environments and socio-cultural groups
  • Sustaining the habit and changed sanitary behaviour with proper monitoring including post-NGP
  • Planned approach through regular meetings of SWSMs, DWSM & Village Water & Sanitation Committees
  • Filling up of sanctioned posts
  • Capacity building of PRIs and Govt functionaries
  • Construction of Toilets in Indira Awas
kerala hand book thelima
Kerala : Hand book- ‘Thelima’
  • A school sanitation and health work book for students from grade V to IX in association with SSA
  • A 31 page hand book in simple language with topical illustrations.
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