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XIII. Development of the New South. Things to Know. 1. Developments in the South status of African American--rise of segregation and African-American response, i.e. W. E. B. Du Bois vs. Booker T. Washington . Need to Know. Jim Crow Laws legalized segregation. 1883 Civil Rights Cases

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XIII. Development of the New South


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    1. XIII. Development of the New South

    2. Things to Know 1. Developments in the South • status of African American--rise of segregation and African-American response, i.e. W. E. B. Du Bois vs. Booker T. Washington

    3. Need to Know • Jim Crow Laws • legalized segregation

    4. 1883 Civil Rights Cases • Congress could not outlaw discrimination by private individuals and orgs.

    5. Plessey v. Ferguson • legalized “separate but equal”

    6. XIV. Development in the West

    7. Things to Know 1. Developments in the West: • successive frontiers--mining frontier and cattle kingdom • relations with native Americans and development of federal policy

    8. Need to Know • Comstock Lode • first U.S. discovery of silver

    9. Central Pacific Railroad • California to Utah • part of transcontinental

    10. Union Pacific Railroad

    11. Promontory Point • point where transcontinental railroad was completed

    12. long drive • cattle drive

    13. Joseph Glidden • barbed wire

    14. Great American Desert • western part of Great Plains

    15. Sand Creek Massacre • CO militia attacked Indian village during Indian Wars

    16. Battle of Lil Bighorn • Custer’s Last Stand

    17. Nez Perce • Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest

    18. Wounded Knee • last conflict b/t Sioux and America

    19. Important Definitions

    20. XV. Industrial America

    21. Things to Know

    22. Need to Know • John D. Rockefeller • Standard Oil Co. • created trusts

    23. Standard Oil • oil producing, transporting, refining, etc

    24. Andrew Carnegie • steel baron…Gospel of Wealth

    25. J.P. Morgan • U.S. Steel, mergers

    26. horizontal integration • consolidating to monopolize a given market (Rockefeller)

    27. vertical integration • controlling every factor of production (Carnegie)

    28. Social Darwinism • survival of the fittest

    29. Sherman Anti-trust Act • first federal act to stop monopolies

    30. National Labor Union • William H. Sylvis • 8 hr day, federal dept. of labor, higher wages

    31. Knights of Labor • labor org., arbitration not violence

    32. Terence Powderly • leader of Knights of Labor

    33. American Federation of Labor • Samuel Gompers • used political tactics

    34. Samuel Gompers • AFL

    35. company town • all business owned by same company

    36. closed shop • only union members

    37. Cornelius Vanderbilt • railroads, steel rail

    38. Pullman sleeping car

    39. Philip Armour and Gustavus Swift • meatpacking industry

    40. Alexander Graham Bell

    41. Thomas Edison

    42. XVI. Urban Society

    43. Need to Know • Whiskey Ring (Grant) • gov’t officials bribed so distillers get around excise taxes

    44. Credit Mobilier (Grant) • railroad scandal

    45. “Boss” Tweed • “boss” of Tammany Hall political machine

    46. Tammany Hall • Dem. party political machine

    47. Social Gospel • Christian ethics to social problems

    48. Salvation Army • attracted poor w/ marching bands, preaching

    49. YMCA • housing and recreation for migrants to cities