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XIII. Development of the New South

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  1. XIII. Development of the New South

  2. Things to Know 1. Developments in the South • status of African American--rise of segregation and African-American response, i.e. W. E. B. Du Bois vs. Booker T. Washington

  3. Need to Know • Jim Crow Laws • legalized segregation

  4. 1883 Civil Rights Cases • Congress could not outlaw discrimination by private individuals and orgs.

  5. Plessey v. Ferguson • legalized “separate but equal”

  6. XIV. Development in the West

  7. Things to Know 1. Developments in the West: • successive frontiers--mining frontier and cattle kingdom • relations with native Americans and development of federal policy

  8. Need to Know • Comstock Lode • first U.S. discovery of silver

  9. Central Pacific Railroad • California to Utah • part of transcontinental

  10. Union Pacific Railroad

  11. Promontory Point • point where transcontinental railroad was completed

  12. long drive • cattle drive

  13. Joseph Glidden • barbed wire

  14. Great American Desert • western part of Great Plains

  15. Sand Creek Massacre • CO militia attacked Indian village during Indian Wars

  16. Battle of Lil Bighorn • Custer’s Last Stand

  17. Nez Perce • Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest

  18. Wounded Knee • last conflict b/t Sioux and America

  19. Important Definitions

  20. XV. Industrial America

  21. Things to Know

  22. Need to Know • John D. Rockefeller • Standard Oil Co. • created trusts

  23. Standard Oil • oil producing, transporting, refining, etc

  24. Andrew Carnegie • steel baron…Gospel of Wealth

  25. J.P. Morgan • U.S. Steel, mergers

  26. horizontal integration • consolidating to monopolize a given market (Rockefeller)

  27. vertical integration • controlling every factor of production (Carnegie)

  28. Social Darwinism • survival of the fittest

  29. Sherman Anti-trust Act • first federal act to stop monopolies

  30. National Labor Union • William H. Sylvis • 8 hr day, federal dept. of labor, higher wages

  31. Knights of Labor • labor org., arbitration not violence

  32. Terence Powderly • leader of Knights of Labor

  33. American Federation of Labor • Samuel Gompers • used political tactics

  34. Samuel Gompers • AFL

  35. company town • all business owned by same company

  36. closed shop • only union members

  37. Cornelius Vanderbilt • railroads, steel rail

  38. Pullman sleeping car

  39. Philip Armour and Gustavus Swift • meatpacking industry

  40. Alexander Graham Bell

  41. Thomas Edison

  42. XVI. Urban Society

  43. Need to Know • Whiskey Ring (Grant) • gov’t officials bribed so distillers get around excise taxes

  44. Credit Mobilier (Grant) • railroad scandal

  45. “Boss” Tweed • “boss” of Tammany Hall political machine

  46. Tammany Hall • Dem. party political machine

  47. Social Gospel • Christian ethics to social problems

  48. Salvation Army • attracted poor w/ marching bands, preaching

  49. YMCA • housing and recreation for migrants to cities