Session #6: Fire Safety Update 3:30pm Fire Marshall, Adam Krouse, Plan Review Consultant, Bureau of Fire Services Annual Education Facilities Conference “Designing Schools for Student Safety and Security”
Bureau of Fire Services Presented by Adam Krouse BFS Plan Reviewer Schools, Colleges/Universities, Dormitories
Topics to be Covered… • BFS has moved! • Public Act 207 • When to submit for plan review/inspections • Security Concerns and the Life Safety Code • Questions & Comments
3101 Technology Blvd Suite H Lansing, MI 48910 • Phone: 517-241-8847 • Fax: 517-332-1427
The Bureau of Fire Services 1941 PA 207, as Amended; Michigan Fire Prevention Code Creates the Bureau of Fire Services Charges BFS to enforce the provisions set forth in the Michigan Fire Prevention Code for the prevention of fires and the protection of persons and property from the exposure of fire. Charges BFS to promulgate rules pertaining to fire safety for the construction, operation, or maintenance of schools and other facilities
Administrative Rules for New and Existing School, College and University Fire Safety • Effective December 21, 1999 • These rules adopt the 1997 Life Safety Code, NFPA 101. • The rule set adopts and contains amendments to the 1997 LSC. For a complete understanding of the Michigan Rules both documents must be used in conjunction. • Chapters 10 & 11 are referenced specifically for schools; and 8 & 9 are referenced specifically for assemblies.
When to Submit to the BFS • Plans shall be submitted to the BFS for all projects the involve construction, remodeling, or an addition. • Remodeling includes that installation of any new equipment. • The plans shall bear the sign and seal of a licensed architect or engineer. • R 29.1904 Rule 4
When to Submit to the BFS • Plans need not be submitted to the BFS for maintenance functions or cosmetic remodeling. • Maintenance is defined as a repair to keep a building and its component parts in an operative condition at all times. • Cosmetic remodeling is defined as a change solely to the wall, floor, or ceiling that does not decrease the fire rating of the wall, floor, or ceiling. • R 29.1904 Rule 4
BFS Commitment • The Bureau of Fire Services is concerned about the security of our students and teachers in our schools and will continue to work with schools to provide solutions that will provide security while maintaining fire safety.
Projects that Require a BFS Submittal • Security Camera installations • Door Hardware installations (mag locks, delayed egress, access control, other hardware upgrades, etc.). • Fire Alarm modifications as they relate to door hardware installations. • Creating ‘Secure Vestibules’.
Security Cameras • Penetrations of fire barriers shall be protected in accordance with Section 6-126.96.36.199 NFPA 101, 1997. The field inspector will request the UL design number or manufacturer’s data sheet for any through-penetration fire stopping. • Miscellaneous penetrations not serving the exit enclosure are prohibited in exit enclosures fire barriers. Refer to Section 5-188.8.131.52(e) NFPA 101, 1997.
Positive Latching • All doors shall be provided with an active latch bolt that cannot be held in a retracted positions. Section 2-8.2.3 NFPA 80, 1995
Positive Latching • Latching arrangements that do no provide positive latch in the normal mode shall be permitted to be used provided, in a fire emergency, the door becomes positively latched by means of an automatic fail-safe device that is activated by automatic fire detection. Section 2-8.2.3 exception no. 3 NFPA 80, 1995
Doors & Egress • Doors shall be arranged to be opened readily from the egress side whenever the building is occupied. Locks, if provided, shall not require the use of a key, a tool, or special knowledge or effort for operation from the inside of the building. (Section 5-184.108.40.206 NFPA 101, 1997) • A latch or other fastening device on a door shall be provided with a releasing device having an obvious method of operation. Doors shall be openable with not more than one releasing operation. (Section 5-220.127.116.11 NFPA 101, 1997)
Special Locking Arrangements • Special locking arrangements complying with 5-2.1.6 shall be permitted (Section 10-18.104.22.168 NFPA 101, 1997) • Delayed Egress Locks (5-22.214.171.124) • Access-Controlled Egress Doors (5-126.96.36.199)
Special Locking Arrangements • Access Controlled Egress Doors • A sensor is provided on the egress side to detect an occupant and unlock upon detection. • Manual release device located within 5 ft of door and be readily accessible and clearly identified.
Special Locking Arrangements • Delayed Egress Locks • Doors unlock with 15 seconds of panic bar being pressed. • *Caution* Not permitted by MBC (1008.1.9.7)
Security Grilles • School Fire Safety Rules do not prohibit security grilles; however, • Any door in a means of egress shall be of the side-hinged or pivoted-swinging type. (Section 5-188.8.131.52 NFPA 101, 1997). • Be cautious of potentially creating dead ends within the corridor system.
Secure Vestibule & Dead End Corridors • “…corridors…shall be arranged to provide access for each occupant to at least two approved exits…” (Section 5-5.1.2 NFPA 101, 1997) • Dead end corridors shall not exceed 20 feet. (Section 10-2.5.1 NFPA 101, 1997).
Question & Comments Adam Krouse 517-241-1044 firstname.lastname@example.org