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  1. The history and development of tourism

  2. Bálint Zsuzsanna BGF KVIFK II. évfolyam V/1. English for Advanced Tourism and Catering Course 20th November 2003

  3. Tourist • Travel to a country other than that in which s/he is domiciledhas her/his usual residence • but outside his/her usual environment • for a period of at least one day • but not more than one year • whose main purpose of visit is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the country visited

  4. Travelling for • leisure • recreation and holidays • visiting friends and relatives • business and professional • health treatment • religion • other purposes

  5. Tourism • people travelling to and staying in places • a) inbound: entering a country from their own country of origin • b) outbound: leave their country of origin to travel to another country

  6. Greek • travel primarily by sea • pleasure travel • currency exchange was developed

  7. Roman • excellent roads and waterways • sport • gladiator fights • sightseeing to Greece • touring Egypt • roads fell into disuse since barbarians made it unsafe to travel

  8. The Middle Ages • members of the ruling classes travelled to their distant estates • knights went to hunt or seek new adventure • apprentices were seeking work or went to study at famous workshops • students travelled to study with famous scientists • actors went from inn to inn reciting poetry • pilgrims appeared as the Crusade to the Holy Land began

  9. The Modern Age • 17th century: Grand Tours • 18th century: travel for health • The Industrial Revolution: • accelerated the movement from rural to urban areas

  10. 1779:Steam engine

  11. 1807: Steamship

  12. 1817: Locomotive

  13. Thomas Cook • 1841: railway excursion using chartered trains • 1862: cheaper fares for crossing English Channel • 1870:first round-the-world trip

  14. The 20th century • Introduction of motor car • 1958: Boeing 707 • the age of air travel for the masses arrived

  15. Freddie Laker • 1948: airlifts of food to the people of Berlin • 1955: set up an air service carrying passengers and cars • 1960-1965: British United Airways • 1966-1982: Laker Airways

  16. César Manrique • studied art • driving force behind the island of Lanzarote’s whole tourism development philosophy

  17. The Future • world tourism will continue to grow • fastest rates of growth will be achieved by the countries in East Asia and the Pacific, Middle East, Asia and Africa

  18. Thank you for coming