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EN2100 Speech

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  1. NAU Shayla Johnston EN2100 Speech Week 4: Format

  2. NAU S. Johnston LP4: Format Summary: Extemporaneous, informative, demonstrative, persuasive speeches and group presentations. Reading: Ch. 9-13 EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  3. NAU S. Johnston About Week 4: Format This week we review the formats for extemporaneous, informative, demonstrative, and persuasive speeches, as well as group presentations from chapters 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 Vasile. We will take Test 3 (LP3) and evaluate an informative, persuasive and demonstration speech. Online Resources for Week 4 Course Website: http://www.nauen2100.wordpress.com Socrative: m.socrative.com in classroom 359674 YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OoSFycLKTqs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BWAqer2fVY0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHBwTo6uF2M Speech Topics: http://classweb.gmu.edu/cwright5/100/topics.html#informative http://idebate.org/view/top_100_debates Pre-test: http://tinyurl.com/EN2100PT4 Access Code PTFOUR Test 3: http://tinyurl.com/EN2100TESTTHREE EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  4. NAU Shayla Johnston Extemporaneous Speech Chap. 9, “Delivering Your Speech” EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  5. A. Methods of Delivery Methods of public speaking: • Manuscript Reading • Memorized • Impromptu • Extemporaneous EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  6. A. Methods of Delivery • Manuscript Reading: Speech that is written word for word. • Advantages: Accuracy is guaranteed. • Pitfalls: Speech will sound choppy, unenthusiastic, and dull EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  7. A. Methods of Delivery • Memorized: A manuscript speech read from memory. • Advantages: Good for introductions and conclusions; promotes confidence • Pitfalls: Forgetting a word causes panic; speech can seem monotone. EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  8. A. Methods of Delivery • Impromptu speaking: Speech made on the spur of the moment. • Advantages: Most commonly used; most authentic. • Pitfalls: You may have nothing to say on a subject. EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  9. A. Methods of Delivery • Extemporaneous speaking: • Practicing • Well-constructed notes. • This allows a speaker the benefits of using notes as well as focusing on elements of effective delivery. • Pitfalls: limited vocabulary, overuse of notecards, notecard distractions. EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  10. B. Delivering the Speech - Beginning • Walk Calmly with Confidence to Front • Establish Eye Contact • Smile Naturally • Pass out References Page • Present Outline to Instructor • Deliver Introduction EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  11. B. Delivering Speech - During • Use Effective Eye Contact • Use Effective Language • Use Effective Gestures • Be Enthusiastic • Use Conversational Style • Use Notes As Needed EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  12. B. Delivering Speech - Ending • “Frame” the Speech • Pause before Returning to Seat • Accept Applause Graciously EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  13. C. Extemporaneous Speech Criteria EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  14. C. Extemporaneous Speech Criteria Impromptu Speech Example http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OoSFycLKTqs EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  15. NAU Shayla Johnston Informative Speech Chap. 10, “Let’s Be Informative” EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  16. A. Common Informative Speeches • Reports • Instructions • Demonstrations • Lectures • Other situations whether knowledge is communicated to an audience. EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  17. B. How People Gain Knowledge (Learn) • Multiple sensory engagement • Repetition • Motivation • Short, well-organized content EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  18. B. How People Gain Knowledge (Learn) Human retention of knowledge: • 10% of read material • 20% of heard material • 30% of visual material • 50% of material both seen and heard • 70% of material discussed with others • 80% of personal experience • 95% of what we teach others EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  19. C. Presentation Tips • Use comparisons to your audience • Quote relevant statistics • Make helpful Audio/Visual Aids • Involve the audience with questions EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  20. D. Suggested topics • Credit Reports • Culture of Hip-Hop • Dangers of Airbags to Kids • Dangers of Credit Cards • Dress for a Job Interview • Duck Decoying • Electronic Commerce • England (places to visit) • Funerals • Golf • Alzheimer's Disease • Anemia • Architecture • Asthma • Astrology • Astroturf in Sports • Avoid Stress • Babe Ruth • Backpacking/Hiking • Best Toys for Kids • Bullfighting See more at http://classweb.gmu.edu/cwright5/100/topics.html#informative EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  21. E. Informative Speech Criteria EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  22. F. Informative Speech Criteria ICA4: Evaluate the Informative Speech Review the speechand complete the Evaluation Form provided. Then, answer the questions shown at m.socrative.com in classroom 359674. Review the Informative Speech: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BWAqer2fVY0 EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  23. NAU Shayla Johnston Persuasive Speech Chap. 11, “Let’s Be Persuasive” EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  24. A. Purpose of Persuasive Speeches • Actuate through motivation • Reinforce existing opinion • Convince a change in belief EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  25. B. How People Persuade-Audience Analysis • To persuade, you must learn as much as possible about your audience. • What is your purpose? • How would you predict your audience to respond? • What psychological appeals would persuade? • What logical appeals would persuade? EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  26. B. How People Persuade-Audience Analysis Our Classroom Audience: 20 Male 20% White 32% Female 80% Black 37% Amer. Indian 5% Multiple Races 26% Age 18-2950% Business Major 31% 30-39 35% Medical Asst. 50% 40-49 10% Nursing 19% 50-59 5% Action Movies 15% Comedy 55% College education 100% Documentary 5% Drama 10% Working 45% Horror 10% Looking for work 50% Romance 5% Not Working, Not looking 5% EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  27. C. Methods of Persuasion • Evidence and Reasoning • Statistical Credibility • Speaker Credibility • Appeals to Basic Human Needs, Wants & Desires • Using the Motivated Sequence EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  28. D. Suggested topics See more at http://idebate.org/view/top_100_debates EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  29. E. Persuasive Speech Criteria EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  30. F. Persuasive Speech Evaluation ICA5: Evaluate the Persuasive Speech Review the speech and complete the Evaluation Form provided. Then, answer the questions shown at m.socrative.com in classroom 359674. Review the speech: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHBwTo6uF2M EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  31. NAU Shayla Johnston Demonstration Speech Chap. 12, “A Sight and Sound Choice” EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  32. A. Purpose of Demonstration Speeches • Utilize audiovisual aids to inform/persuade • Serves a more diverse audience (multi-lingual) • Easily maintains audience attention • Effective memory retention LP4

  33. B. Memory and Visual Aids Zayas-Baya, 1977 LP4 EN2100: Week 4

  34. C. Guidelines for Using Visual Aids • Make It Easy to See • Keep It Simple • Make It Consistent with Objective • Maintain Eye Contact • Talk about Visual Aid EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  35. C. Guidelines for Using Visual Aids, cont’d • Don’t Pass Items Around • No Dangerous or Illegal Aids • Avoid Using Live Animals • Prepare for Problems (Have Backups) EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  36. D. Types of Visual Aids • Slides • Posters • Objects • Models • Handouts EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  37. D. Types of Visual Aids (cont’d) • Flip Charts • Chalkboards • Marker Boards • Overhead Transparencies • Projected Computer Graphics EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  38. E. Design Rules for Visual Aids - Size 72 PT 60 PT 44 PT 36 PT 32 PT 28 PT 24 PT 18 PT 14 PT • Powerpoints should be at least 20 point font • No cursive fonts • Consistency EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  39. E. Design Rules for Visual Aids - Color EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  40. E. Design Rules for Visual Aids - Typeface EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  41. E. Design Rules for Visual Aids - Repetition EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  42. E. Design Rules for Visual Aids - Consistency EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  43. E. Demonstration Speech Criteria EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  44. NAU Shayla Johnston Panel Discussion Chap. 13, “Saying a Few Words…Very Few!” EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  45. A. Types of Short Speeches • Short talk • Make an Announcement • Introduce/Present a Speaker • Present an Award • Accept an Award • Nominating Committee • Installment Speech • Eulogy/Tribute • Toast • Panel Discussion EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  46. B. The Panel Discussion • A formal, moderated discussion, on a specific topicwith an audience present. • Requirements: • agenda • time limits • moderator • Roberts Rules of Order (optional) EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  47. C. Format of Panel Discussion • Opening Statement by Moderator • Introduction of Panel Members • Discussion of Qualification Criteria • Vote to Adopt Qualification Criteria • Discussion of Nominations • Acceptance of Nominations • Vote to Nominate • Acceptance Speech by Nominee • Closing Statement by Moderator EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  48. E. Panel Discussion Criteria EN2100: Week 4 LP4

  49. NAU Shayla Johnston EN2100 Speech Week 4: Format