Friday 3/28/14. Please get out the following: New sheet of binder paper WWI research project packet. For Monday : 1. One paper copy of your final draft 2. One digital copy uploaded to turnitin.com 3. All research Logs 4. Your product.
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For Monday:1. One paper copy of your final draft2. One digital copy uploaded to turnitin.com3. All research Logs4. Your product
Massive Casualties- Over 9 million dead or seriously wounded.
Millions of dollars spent on the war.
No serious victories and many serious defeats.
Intense social unrest leading to social revolution.
The end of Czarist Russia and the start of the Communist takeover that favored the people over the war.
Russian Soldiers running from the German army
1917 Russia has fallen out of the war and into the Russian Revolution
Germany and their allies the Turks have succeeded in winning the Eastern Front.
Italy is about to fold under Austrian aggression.
All armies are made up of young boys and weary veterans.
Everyone is low on food and ammunition.
Germany believes they will win. Everyone else believes Germany will win too.
Signed between the new Bolshevik Government in Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria Hungary and Turkey)
Gave away a third of Russia's population in lost territories
Gave away half of Russia’s already small industry and 9/10 of coal mines
Russia gave Germany the territories of Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, and the Ukraine.
Russia gave Turkey the territories of Ardahan, Kars, and Batumi.
Russia had to pay six billion marks (German $) = $173 million in war reparations to Germany.
Printed paper copy of final draft.
Separate paper versions of research logs (check names).
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare- 1915 German U-boats sink British merchant ships and the occasional passenger liner. America loses money and a few citizens on the ships. (this was a mild contribution): Sinking of the Lusitania.
The Zimmerman Telegram- Germany encourages Mexico to attack America and keep the US out of Europe.
Go Back to your notes…
* Part of President Wilson’s presidential campaign was that he “would not take the US to war!” But, look what happened… *
Woodrow Wilson, US President, April 2, 1917 "The world must be made safe for democracy."
“Infantry, Artillery, Aviation - all that we have - are yours to dispose of as you will. I have come to say to you that the American people would be proud to be engaged in the greatest battle in history.” Gen. Pershing
April - June, 1917 Over half a million French soldiers mutiny, or "go on strike" and refuse to continue the failed offensive.
July, 1918 German troops being shipped from the Eastern to Western Front begin to desert in large numbers from their transport trains.
October 28, 1918 German sailors mutiny at port when asked to sail and fight a hopeless naval battle.
At last, with American manufacturing, more advanced tanks, more personnel and supplies, the Allies finally start to take ground and advanced through Germany.
Allies develop depth charges and break the stranglehold of the German U-boats. Supply ships can move once again.
50,000 – 100,000 died
Even those men who lived were horribly scarred, crippled or emotionally destroyed.
What types of problems would a country that loses 9 million + people in 3 years will face?
16 million dead and 37 million causalities
116,516 Americans Died
In Europe: Battles ruined crop land. Poisons left soil unfit to farm.
Civilians died from starvation and disease
Food Prices soared.
Other Costs of the war reached $338 billion.
Armistice (agreement to end the war) was signed at 11 a.m. November 11, 1918 in a railway car in France near Paris. Germany was not “surrendering” but responding to President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”. The Germans, British and French were present.
The Great War is Over...
Treaty of Versailles: Although the armistice signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on October 21 1919, and was printed in The League of Nations Treaty Series.
The “Big Four” (U.S., France, Great Britain, and Italy) were the main players in the creation of the treaty.
1. After heated debate over Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points, the Big Four only agreed on the 14th Point to create the League of Nations.
2. They also agreed to punish Germany in the “war guilt” clause, demanding war reparations to be paid
3. Borders throughout Europe changed as nations declared their independence.
Read Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points and answer the Qs at the end of the hand out in your notes.