In this unit, you will Unit6Sports and Health • first listen, and then talk about sports; • read about a famous athlete and the way of keeping fit; • learn new words and expressions; • practice the use of participles; • fill in a Health Background Form; • visit Culture Salon for an introduction to the emblems of the Olympic Games.
Teaching procedures I. Listen and Talk home • Leadin • DialogueSamples II. Read and Explore • Passage A Think About It Related Information Words and Expressions Summary of the Text Understanding the Text Notes to the Text III. Culture Salon
and Unit6Sports and Health Part I Listen Talk
Unit6Sports and Health Directions: Listen to the following paragraphs and decide which picture is described in detail. Click here to listen.
The photos are all related to Sports and Health. Describe them to your classmates with the help of the following question. • What is your favorite sport? Explain. • How do you understand “it's more important to participate than to compete” in sports? • What is your opinion about the relationship between sports and health? Unit6Sports and Health
Directions: Listen to the following passage and try to fill the missing words. Click here to listen. Physical activity improves our bodies’ health. A recent study 1. ______ in TheNew England Journal of Medicine, suggests that maintaining a healthy level of physical 2. ______ through exercise can help people live longer; and the findings provide updated 3. ______ to Charles Darwin's “survival of the fittest” theory. But repetitive exercise can become boring, 4. _______ discouragement, frustration, even quitting. Selecting an activity that provides 5. _______ as well as physical exercise, however, can be the answer. Many people have turned to sports. Sports can provide a 6. _______ – physically as well as mentally — and increase one’s physical activity while providing social interaction, a sense of accomplishment and enjoyment. First held as part of the 1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece, and then brought to Boston, Massachusetts in 1897, the Marathon is now an important part of 7. ______ in many cities across America. Marathon running, usually a 40k (26.2 miles) race, is becoming increasingly popular with both men and women for its challenge of perseverance, requiring both 8. ______ and mental endurance, and its feat of accomplishment. For first-time runners it is the culmination of a dream – a personal 9. _______ obtained after months of physical and psychological preparation and training. For veteran marathoners it’s an opportunity to improve their Personal Best — competing 10. _______ their own fastest time. Although there is no overall Marathon record, since Marathon courses vary from city to city, the best men's times are under 2 hours and 7 minutes and the best women's times are slightly above 2 hours and 19 minutes. Unit6Sports and Health
Keys: 1. published 2. fitness 3. support 4. leading to 5. enjoyment 6. challenge 7. culture 8. physical 9. goal 10. preparation
Dialogue Samples Dialogue 1 Talking About Sports Key words and patterns: ◆Hey, John, you look strong. It seems to me you are a good sportsman, aren’t you? ◆Have you been on any sports teams? ◆Do you know how to play tennis? ◆I’ll be glad to, but you know, I’m not very good at it. ◆That doesn’t matter. I’m also learning. How about five o’clock?
Dialogue 2 Talking About Sports key words and patterns: ◆Brian, what sports do you fellow? ◆So you want to be a muscleman? ◆What else do you do? ◆Do you ever go jogging? ◆That’s good for you. May I join you in running tomorrow? ◆I’m thinking about finding a partner.
Passage A Never Give Up
Words & Expressions of passage A 1.Botch v. (up) spoil something by poor work 弄糟 eg: I am afraid I’ve rather botched up the dinner tonight. 2. Choke v.1)fail at doing something especially in a sport, because there is a lot of pressure发挥失常 2) have great difficulty in breathing or stop breathing because of blocking eg: He almost chocked to death on a fish bone
3) (up, with) to fill completely, so that movement is impossible. eg: Leaves choked up the pipe. 4) choke sth. down/back: control as if by holding them in the throat. eg: chock one’s tears/ anger 5) choke sb. off: stop, get rid of, or prevent eg: They’d ruthlessly choked off all opposition to their plans.
3. Cover v. report the details of (an event) for a newspaper or a TV station 报道 eg: She covered all the news. 4. Credibility n. the quality of deserving belief and trust 可信性 eg: If we don’t keep promises, we’ll lose credibility with the public. 5. Crisis n. a point or moment of great danger, difficulty, or uncertainty 紧要关头 eg: The sudden rise in oil prices led to an economic crisis.
6. Defend v. 1)(of a sports champion) take part in a contest to keep one’s high ranking position 卫冕 2) ( against, from) keep safe from harm; protect against attack. eg: When the came towards me I picked up a stick to defend myself. 7. Endorsement n. a statement or action which shows one’s support or approval of something or someone 签署（合同，合约等）
Endorse v. 1) express approval or support eg: The committee’s report fully endorses the government’s proposals. 2) write a note to say that the driver has broken the law. eg: If you get any more endorsement you won’t allowed to drive 8. Exclusive 1) a. appearing in no other publication or on no other channel 独家报道 eg: The reporter managed to get an exclusive interview with the Prime Minister.
2) exclusive of : not taking into account; without eg: The hotel charges 6 dollars a day, exclusive of meals. 9. Fantasize v. form strange or wonderful ideas in the mind 幻想 eg: She fantasized about winning the lottery. 10. Grueling a. demanding great effort and determination 艰难的 eg: All the runners were exhausted after the grueling race.
11. Heroism n. very great courage; success under great pressure 英雄气概 eg: an act of great heroism 12. Lucrative a . (especially of a business, trade or job) bringing in plenty of money 有利润的 eg: lucrative business 13. Luster n. the brightness of a shiny, polished surface 光泽 eg: the luster of gold 14. Merit v. deserve; have a right to 值得
eg: Your suggestion merits serious consideration. 15. Observe v. make a remark 评论 eg: “That’s odd,” he observed. 16. Persevere ( at, in, with )v. continue steadily and with determination in spite of difficulties 坚持不懈 eg: If you persevere with the work, you will succeed in the end. 17. Recipient n. a person who receives something 接受
eg: the recipient of the letter. 18. Routine 1)n. a sequence of movements, especially in a dance (舞蹈等表演的)成套动作 eg: a dance routine 2) regular and habitual way of working or doing things. eg: She longed to escape from the same old familiar routine. Routine adj. regular; according to what is always habitually done; not special
eg: It’s just a routine medical examination, nothing to get worried about. 19. Shot n. 1) a chance or attempt to do something 尝试 eg: It’s a difficult job but I’d like to have a shot at it. 2) the action of shooting a weapon or the sound that it makes. eg: She fired three shots. 3) like a shot: without a delay and esp. eagerly.
eg: When he offered me the job, I accepted like a shot. 20. Usher v. lead somebody to the place where they should go or sit 引导 eg: She ushered the visitor into the room.
Lead-in Pictures Before reading Passage A, describe the following pictures .
Brief Introduction On Figure Skating Figure skating has a history of almost 100 years and it started as an athletic sport in China in 1950s. Figure skating consists of single skating (man and ladies, pairs skating, ice dance and synchronized( 使….一致) skating. Single and pair skating consists of short program and free skating; ice dancing consists of compulsory dance, original dance, free dance; synchronized skating consists of short
program and free skating. in China, single skating, pair skating and ice dancing are being practiced now. The important annual figure skating competitions in China are: National Championships, National Cup Competitions, National Junior Competition series. The National Games that includes single skating only are held every four years; The National Winter Games that includes single skating, pair skating and ice dancing are also held every four years.
The Chinese figure skating team has become one of the strongest teams in the world after great efforts in training. Lu Chen won the Champion at ladies event in 1995 World Championships and bronze medals at the 17th and 18th Olympic Winter Games. Xue Shen and Hongbo Zhao was among the top 3 place at pair skating event in 4 consecutive World Championships from 1999 to 2002,incuding their historical 1st place at World Championships in 2002.They won the bronze medal at the 19th Olympic Winter Games held in Salt Lake City, USA in 2002.
Lead-in Questions 1. Do you enjoy watching figure skating? Explain. 2. Do you know any famous figure skaters? Share what you know with each other. 3. What do you usually do in facing difficulties? (Click the button below to go to each part.)
Notes to the Text Click the following words to listen to the text. Listen to the whole text. Listen to paragraph 1. Listen to paragraph 2. Listen to paragraph 3. Listen to paragraph 4. Listen to paragraph 5. Listen to paragraph 6. Listen to paragraph 7. Listen to paragraph 8. Listen to paragraph 9. Listen to paragraph 10. Listen to paragraph 11. Listen to paragraph 12.
Summary of the Text Paul Wiley was a 27-year-old American ice skater who could never win the big competitions. Many times he considered retirement but he persevered. Younger skaters consistently (constant to the same principles) defeated him, yet he kept practicing and competing. Then he finished second in the 1992 Olympics in France and became a hero. Applause greeted him as he stepped off the plane bringing him home from the Olympics. Fame and endorsements came his way.
Summary of the Text But he remained very modest and did not consider himself a hero. He said that selfless service can make a true hero, and he also hoped that his story would inspire other people. This would be another kind of hero. Like skating, he felt that life requires the regular practice of small actions which add up to make a larger whole. It's not necessary to be famous to be a hero in daily life.
Understanding the Text 1. How was Paul Wylie's life changed after he won the silver medal? He was regarded as a hero, traveling on figure-skating world tours, being invited to exclusive events, and with figure skating fans chasing for his autographs.
Understanding the Text 2. What did the question "what are you doing here?" imply? It implied that people were unhappy with Paul Wylie's performance.
Understanding the Text 3. Did Paul Wylie expect what he would see back in his home country after he won the silver medal in France? No, he didn't. He had no idea how his performance was unfolding on U. S. television.
Understanding the Text 4. Why did Paul Wylie give the answer "daily" to the question "how often do you contemplate retirement?" He answered "daily" because he was undergoing a very difficult time in his skating career and it was hard for him to keep going.
Understanding the Text 5. Was Paul Wylie a famous skater in the U. S. before he won the silver medal? No, he wasn't. He had been struggling for many years on his way towards success.
Understanding the Text 6. What have you learned from Paul Wylie's story? Open.
Never Give Up They told him to quit, that he wasn't good enough, but figure skater Paul Wylie refused to listen. When he stepped off the plane in Washington, D.C., following the 1992 Winter Games, and everyone in the terminal started clapping, Paul Wylie almost stopped in his tracks. Who's behind me? He wondered. Despite the silver medal in his pocket, he couldn't believe that the applause was for him. From that moment on, Paul recognized that his life would never be the same.
The silver medal he earned in Albertville, France, ushered the 27-year-old figure skater into a new existence. He was no longer a nobody who choked at big events, like the 1988 Calgary Olympics, where he finished an unimpressive 10th. No longer the recipient of advice from judges who, after Paul's performance in the '91 World Championships, suggested that he quit: "Make room for the younger skaters." No longer the target of loaded questions from reporters covering the '91 Olympic Trials ("What are you doing here?"). No longer the skater incapable of finishing ahead of U.S. National Champion Todd Eldredge or three-time defending World Champion Kurt Browning of Canada.
Now Paul Wylie was an Olympic hero. He was an athlete who kept going when doubters suggested he quit. He was a recent Harvard University graduate who had frequently fantasized about life without grueling hours on the ice, but who persevered anyway. He was a young man who had discovered and demonstrated that goals can be reached no matter how many obstacles and botched attempts lie in the way.
"A reporter who interviewed me at the Closing Ceremonies told me, 'You came here an unknown and now you go home a hero,'" Paul says. "I thought that was interesting, because I was in France and unaware of how my journey was unfolding on U.S. television. It wasn't until I stepped off the plane that I realized people considered me a hero. They were changed by my story. They were changed by the fact that I was able to persevere and win the silver medal even though almost everyone had counted me out."
At times, Paul had almost counted himself out. "Two months before the '92 Olympics, USA Today did a survey of different athletes and asked, 'How often do you contemplate retirement?' The choices were: 'yearly,' 'monthly' or 'weekly.' "I wrote, 'daily,' because it was hard to keep going. But I just decided, I'm going to persevere and hang in there, because I have a shot."
Things definitely changed in 1992 in Albertville. "To have my story be one that brought tears to people's eyes, because of the way it turned around — that changed my life as well," Paul says. "I looked at my skating career and saw it rewritten and beautiful, as opposed to a big disappointment and many years struggling toward some goal but not reaching it."
With medal in hand, Paul was suddenly ushered into a world of lucrative endorsements and figure-skating world tours, of exclusive events and autograph seekers. Everything you might expect of a celebrity hero, but none of what Paul himself believes merits the honor of that title. "What makes a true hero is selfless service," he says. "Or someone whose life and actions inspire you to be better and to be a bigger person. I don't think that what I did was selfless service. But God used the story of my life to inspire others."
"What makes a true hero is selfless service," he says. "Or someone whose life and actions inspire you to be better and to be a bigger person. I don't think that what I did was selfless service. But God used the story of my life to inspire others." Heroism, Paul has observed, requires daily maintenance. Just as a skater achieves perfection by practicing small parts of his larger routine day after day, a hero must look for ways to serve on a regular basis — not just in a crisis or more visible situation.
As an Olympic medal loses its luster after years of storage, a hero will lose his credibility if he stops looking to the needs of others. When Paul joins the thousands of others watching the Olympics in Salt Lake City, he knows that behind the scenes of each victory, of each record-setting finish, stand countless stories of everyday heroes. Heroes who refuse to give up.
Words and Expressions 1. quit:stop (doing something) Examples: • He quit his job for a better position. • He should really quit smoking.
Words and Expressions 2. persevere: continue firmly in spite of difficulties Examples: • He persevered at his search for a job. • Despite the failure of his early experiments, • the scientist persevered in his research.
Words and Expressions 3. in the way: blocking space for the forward movement Examples: • The chair is in the way; so move it, please. • Although he thought he was helping us • prepare the dinner, he was only in the way.
Words and Expressions 4. count out:leave out by choice Examples: • If you are playing football in this rainy • weather you can count me out. • We have ten applicants for the post, but • two of them have now accepted other • appointments, so we can count them out.