european state consolidation in the 17 th and 18 th centuries
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European State Consolidation in the 17 th and 18 th Centuries!

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European State Consolidation in the 17 th and 18 th Centuries!. The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline. The Netherlands emerged as a nation after revolting against Spain in 1572. William 3 rd of Orange led the entire European coalition against France.

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the netherlands golden age to decline
The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline

The Netherlands emerged as a nation after revolting against Spain in 1572.

William 3rd of Orange led the entire European coalition against France.

Other European nations pursued paths toward strong central government, generally under monarchies as with France, or in the case of England, under a strong parliamentary system. The Netherlands was formally a republic.

slide3
The Calvinist Reformed Church was the official church of the nation, but it was not a established church. There were still a good number of Roman Catholics and Protestants who did not belong to the Reformed Church.
  • In the Netherlands peoples of different religious faiths lived together peacefully.
urban prosperity
Urban Prosperity
  • Its economic achievement was built on the foundations of high urban consolidation, transformed agriculture, extensive trade and finance, and an overseas commercial empire.
  • The Dutch reclaimed land from the sea, which they used for highly profitable farming.
slide5
The final foundation of Dutch prosperity was a seaborne empire.
  • Dutch traders established a major presence in East Asia, particularly in spice-producing areas.
  • The Dutch had only wanted commercial dominance of the spice trade, but they later moved toward making the spices themselves. In order for them to do so, they needed to control many of the islands of Indonesia.
economic declne
Economic declne
  • The decline in political influence of the united provinces of the netherlands occurred in the eighteenth century. After the death of william iii of britain in 1702 the provinces prevented the emergence of another strong stadtholder. UNIFIED POLITICAL LEADERSHIP THEREFORE VANISHED.
slide7
Naval supremacy passed to the British. The fishing industry declined, and the Dutch lost their technological superiority in ship building. Countries between which Dutch ships had once carried goods now traded directly with each other. This disunity of the provinces hastened this economic decline and prevented action that might have halted it.
slide8
What saved the provinces from becoming completely insignificant in European affairs was their continued financial dominance.
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