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Sunni Shi’ite Split. Marshall Berkeley Robbie Martin Paul Schmidt. 632 AD – Prophet Muhammad died Abu Bakr named 1 st successor (Caliph) Most Muslims accepted decision, but some supported Ali ibn Abi Talib , Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law

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sunni shi ite split

Sunni Shi’ite Split

Marshall Berkeley

Robbie Martin

Paul Schmidt

slide2
632 AD – Prophet Muhammad died
  • Abu Bakr named 1st successor (Caliph)
    • Most Muslims accepted decision, but some supported Ali ibnAbiTalib, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law
    • Followers of Ali believed that the Prophet Muhammad named Ali as his successor
    • Abu Bakr and his next two successors, Umar and Uthman, were considered illegitimate by Ali’s followers
    • 656 AD – Uthman was murdered by some of Ali’s followers
    • Ali was named as the successor
    • 661 AD – Ali was assassinated by forces of Uthman
the 2 sides
The 2 Sides
  • Disagreement over who should be the successor to the Prophet Muhammad
    • Some believed in succession based political merits communal consensus
      • “Sunni” – meaning “followers of customs”
    • Others believed in succession through “bloodline” of the Prophet
      • “Shi’a” – meaning “supporters” or “helpers of Ali”
distribution of muslims
Distribution of Muslims

Green – Sunni

Blue – Shi’ite

religious practices and beliefs
Religious Practices and Beliefs
  • Majority of Muslims are Sunnis
  • Accepted first four Caliphs as “Rightly Guided”
  • Less powerful religious hierarchy
  • Lenient on who leads prayer
  • Perform Salat 5 times daily
interesting fact
Interesting Fact
  • Osama Bin Laden was a Sunni
    • Extreme Sect
sunni law
Sunni Law
  • Based on
    • Qu’ran
    • Hadiths
    • Sunna
  • The four legal schools
    • Hanafi
    • Maliki
    • Shaf’I
    • Hanbali
sectarian divisions
Sectarian Divisions
  • Ibadi Sect
    • Has been misrepresented as a Sunni Sect
religious practices and beliefs11
Religious Practices and Beliefs
  • Centers around Ali’s younger son
    • Hussein
  • Shi’ites permit Muttah
  • Salat – can pray twice consecutively (1+2+2)
  • Three Schools of Law:
    • TwelverShiism
    • Ismaili (Sevener) Shiism
    • Zaydis (Fiver) Shiism
core fundamentals between sunnis and shi ites
Core Fundamentals between Sunnis and Shi’ites
  • Share common doctrines and beliefs
    • Qu’ran
    • Muhammed is the messenger
    • Hadiths somewhat differ
    • Qiyas (Analogy)
    • Ijma (Consensus)
    • Ijtihad (Individual Reasoning)
  • Both recognize the Five Pillars
  • Recognize each other as Muslims
interesting crazy stuff
Interesting/Crazy Stuff
  • Shi’ite Muslims – Ashoura Day
    • Ritual in which they cut their scalps to remember the death of Imam Hussein
    • Shows the Shi’ite suffering from Sunnis

- During the Islamic holy month of Moharram

  • Some of the
  • demonstrators
  • flagellate themselves
ad