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Alex Radway. Policy Advisor Process Industries Regulation. Environment Agency for England and Wales. Environment Agency - what we do. Flood defence Water resources Fisheries, Recreation and Navigation River water quality Waste Radioactive materials

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Presentation Transcript
alex radway

Alex Radway

Policy Advisor

Process Industries Regulation

environment agency what we do
Environment Agency - what we do
  • Flood defence
  • Water resources
  • Fisheries, Recreation and Navigation
  • River water quality
  • Waste
  • Radioactive materials
  • Environmental regulation of large industry
environmental regulation of industry
Integrated Pollution Control (IPC)

1990, UK

Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC)

1996, Europe

Environmental regulation of industry
industries covered
Energy

Metals

Minerals

Chemicals

Waste

Other

Industries covered
best available techniques bat
Best Available Techniques (BAT)
  • most effective and advanced
  • techniques not just technology
  • prevent, then control
  • cost / benefit balance
  • ‘environment as a whole’ *
  • basis for emission limits
  • published guidance
  • constantly evolving
environment as a whole

Air emissions

Energy

Odour

Heat

Noise

Vibration

Raw materials

Waste

Water / sewer discharges

Contaminated land

Environment as a whole
measures of environmental impact
Measures of environmental impact
  • Air
    • Environmental Quality Standards
    • Air Quality Strategy
  • Water
    • Environmental Quality Standards
    • Direct Toxicity Assessment
  • Land
    • Contamination reports
permits to operate
Permits to operate
  • “Prior approval”
  • Operational conditions
  • Implicit use of BAT
  • Emission limits based on BAT
  • Operator monitoring and returns
  • Breach notification
  • Improvement programme
  • Permit review
  • Charges on Operator
permit enforcement
Regular inspection

Notices

Enforcement

Prohibition

Prosecution

fines

jail sentences

Permit enforcement
consultation on application
Consultation on application
  • Organisations with responsibility for:
    • Health & Safety
    • Local communities
    • Food standards
    • Nature conservation
    • Human health
    • Fisheries
public involvement
Public involvement
  • Advertisement of application
  • Public registers of information
    • held at local offices
    • application, permit, monitoring etc.
  • Pollution Inventory
  • Web-site
  • Engagement with environmental groups
benefits to the environment
Improved river water quality

Better local & regional air quality

….. but continuing land contamination

Benefits to the environment
benefits to operators
Benefits to operators
  • better understanding of processes
  • more knowledgeable about emissions
  • aware of effects of emissions
  • more questioning of existing practices
  • improved better environmental performance
  • more aware of public interest & concern
legislative burden
Legislative burden
  • Sources:
  • World
  • European
  • National
  • Regional
  • Target:
  • New regime
  • Industry
  • Substance
proportionate controls
Proportionate controls
  • Small operations with no emissions
  • Range of permit conditions
  • Priority pollutants
  • Focus on main pollutant sources
  • Complementary tools
risk based regulation
Risk-based regulation
  • Confidence in operator:
    • Operator and Pollution Risk Appraisal (OPRA)
    • Environmental Management Systems
    • monitoring systems (OMA & MCERTS)
  •  reduced inspection frequency & charging
consequences
Consequences
  • Climate change
  • Rising sea levels
  • Winter storms more severe
  • Widespread floods
where to find out more
Where to find out more

UK:www.environment-agency.gov.uk

www.defra.gov.uk

Europe: www.europa.eu.int

www.eea.eu.int

www.eippcb.jrc.es

alex.radway@environment-agency.gov.uk