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Alex Radway

Alex Radway

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Alex Radway

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  1. Alex Radway Policy Advisor Process Industries Regulation

  2. Environment Agency for England and Wales

  3. Environment Agency - what we do • Flood defence • Water resources • Fisheries, Recreation and Navigation • River water quality • Waste • Radioactive materials • Environmental regulation of large industry

  4. Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) 1990, UK Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) 1996, Europe Environmental regulation of industry

  5. Energy Metals Minerals Chemicals Waste Other Industries covered

  6. Best Available Techniques (BAT) • most effective and advanced • techniques not just technology • prevent, then control • cost / benefit balance • ‘environment as a whole’ * • basis for emission limits • published guidance • constantly evolving

  7. Air emissions Energy Odour Heat Noise Vibration Raw materials Waste Water / sewer discharges Contaminated land Environment as a whole

  8. Measures of environmental impact • Air • Environmental Quality Standards • Air Quality Strategy • Water • Environmental Quality Standards • Direct Toxicity Assessment • Land • Contamination reports

  9. Permits to operate • “Prior approval” • Operational conditions • Implicit use of BAT • Emission limits based on BAT • Operator monitoring and returns • Breach notification • Improvement programme • Permit review • Charges on Operator

  10. Regular inspection Notices Enforcement Prohibition Prosecution fines jail sentences Permit enforcement

  11. Consultation on application • Organisations with responsibility for: • Health & Safety • Local communities • Food standards • Nature conservation • Human health • Fisheries

  12. Public involvement • Advertisement of application • Public registers of information • held at local offices • application, permit, monitoring etc. • Pollution Inventory • Web-site • Engagement with environmental groups

  13. Sulphur dioxide emissions to air

  14. Improved river water quality Better local & regional air quality ….. but continuing land contamination Benefits to the environment

  15. Benefits to operators • better understanding of processes • more knowledgeable about emissions • aware of effects of emissions • more questioning of existing practices • improved better environmental performance • more aware of public interest & concern

  16. Legislative burden • Sources: • World • European • National • Regional • Target: • New regime • Industry • Substance

  17. Proportionate controls • Small operations with no emissions • Range of permit conditions • Priority pollutants • Focus on main pollutant sources • Complementary tools

  18. Risk-based regulation • Confidence in operator: • Operator and Pollution Risk Appraisal (OPRA) • Environmental Management Systems • monitoring systems (OMA & MCERTS) •  reduced inspection frequency & charging

  19. Consequences • Climate change • Rising sea levels • Winter storms more severe • Widespread floods

  20. “to put the environment at the heart of industry's thinking” Environment Agency vision

  21. Where to find out more UK:www.environment-agency.gov.uk www.defra.gov.uk Europe: www.europa.eu.int www.eea.eu.int www.eippcb.jrc.es alex.radway@environment-agency.gov.uk