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Hitchhiker’s Guide to Grammar. Punctuation Part I: Commas. What to Learn. Objectives: 1. Students will understand how to properly use commas in writing. 2. Students will be able to explain why commas are used in certain spots. GLCE Standard

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hitchhiker s guide to grammar

Hitchhiker’s Guide to Grammar

Punctuation Part I:

Commas

what to learn
What to Learn
  • Objectives:
    • 1. Students will understand how to properly use commas in writing.
    • 2. Students will be able to explain why commas are used in certain spots.
  • GLCE Standard

-W.GR.08.01 in the context of writing, correctly use style conventions (e.g., Modern Language Association Handbook) and a variety of grammatical structures in compositions including infinitives, gerunds, participial phrases, and dashes or ellipses.

meet the comma
Meet the Comma
  • , =Comma
    • The Comma (,): Designed to prevent midsentence collisions between two separate entities.
    • A comma (,) indicates to a reader that they should take a brief breath during their reading. This pause helps distinguish meaning within a sentence.
    • A comma (,) does not inform readers to completely pause reading. This is the job of a period (.)

SEE THE RULES

official rule book
Official Rule Book
  • Rule 1: Use a comma to separate words and word groups with a series of three or more.
    • Example: The My $10 million estate is to be split among my husband, daughter, son, and nephew.
  • Rule 2: Use a comma to separate two adjectives when the word and can be inserted between them.
    • Example: The girl is a popular, energetic student.
  • Rule 3: Use a comma when anlyadjective is used with other adjectives.
    • Example: Emily is a friendly, supportive community member.
  • Rule 4: Use a commas before or surrounding the name or title of a person directly addressed.
    • Example: Please, Alex, take the trash out to the dumpster today.
  • Rule 5: Use a comma to separate the day of the month from the year and after the year.
    • Example: Kathleen met her husband on December 5, 1999, on a exquisite summer day.

Return to Question #: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

BACK TO THE EXPLANATION

official rule book1
Official Rule Book
  • Rule 6: Use a comma to separate the city from the state.
    • Example: The band mostly played at a venue in Milwaukee, WI during their early years.
  • Rule 7: Use comma to surround degrees or titles used with names.
    • Example: Jeff Stannard, Ph.D., took on all the responsibilities in the new book club.
  • Rule 8: Use commas to set off expressions interrupting sentence flow.
    • Example: This video, according to multiple magazine reports, is not meant to be watched by those under the age of fourteen.
  • Rule 9: Use a comma when starting with a weak introductory clause.
    • Example: If you have a question about this, please address this now.
  • Rule 10: Use a comma after the phrases of more than three wordsthat begin a sentence.
    • Example: In order to be successful in college, you must develop a consistent work ethic.

Return to Question #: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

official rule book2
Official Rule Book
  • Rule 11: Use a comma when a nonessential descriptor is used to introduce a person that has been sufficiently introduced.
    • Example: Freddy, who has a limp, was in an auto accident.
  • Rule 12: Use a comma to separate two strong clauses joined by coordinating conjunction-and, or, but, for nor.
    • Example: I have seen the first Spiderman movie, but not the second.
  • Rule 13: Use a comma to separate two sentences if it will help avoid confusion.
    • Example: I have selected to buy an iPad and printer, and Bill has chosen to purchase a laptop.
  • Rule 14: Use a comma to introduce or interrupt direct quotations shorter than three lines.
    • Example: What he actually said was, “Remove the seat from the hallway.”
  • Rule 15: Use a comma to separate a statement from a question.
    • Example: This road was plowed yesterday, wasn’t it?

Return to Question #: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

official rule book3
Official Rule Book
  • Rule 16: Use a comma to separate contrasting parts of a sentence.
    • Example: The dog belongs to the Hills, not the Thomas family.
  • Rule 17: Use a comma when beginning sentences with introductory words such as well, now, or yes.
    • Example: Now, this may be the biggest problem I have ever faced.
  • Rule 18: Use a comma when surrounding words, such as therefore, however when they are used as interrupters.
    • Example: This shovel, however, does not clear out snow that well.

Return to Question #: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

TAKE THE QUIZ

correcting comma calamity 1
Correcting Comma Calamity #1
  • I took Angie the one with the freckle to the movie last night.
  • Rule 1 C. Rule 11

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 14 D. Rule 4
correcting comma calamity 2
Correcting Comma Calamity #2
  • To apply for this job you must have a Social Security card.
  • Rule 10 C. Rule 3

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 14 D. Rule 12

correcting comma calamity 3
Correcting Comma Calamity #3
  • She has a good healthy attitude about work.
  • Rule 8 C. Rule 3

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 2 D. Rule 7

correcting comma calamity 4
Correcting Comma Calamity #4
  • Please Sasha, come home from work.
  • Rule 13 C. Rule 10

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 12 D. Rule 4
correcting comma calamity 5
Correcting Comma Calamity #5
  • I can go can’t I?
  • Rule 15 C. Rule 6

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 7 D. Rule 11
correcting comma calamity 6
Correcting Comma Calamity #6

The dog which may already be clear to you is not feeling healthy at this time.

  • Rule 16 C. Rule 18

B. Rule 2 D. Rule 8

  • Visit Rule Book
correcting comma calamity 7
Correcting Comma Calamity #7
  • Mae said “Why don’t you come up and see me sometime?”
  • Rule 5 C. Rule 8

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 14 D. Rule 9
correcting comma calamity 8
Correcting Comma Calamity #8
  • My hometown has been Traverse City MI for the past three years.

A. Rule 6 C. Rule 17

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 8 D. Rule 13

correcting comma calamity 9
Correcting Comma Calamity #9
  • It is drizzling not pouring.
  • Rule 16 C. Rule 1

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 18 D. Rule 3
correcting comma calamity 10
Correcting Comma Calamity #10

Jerry purchased the new bike didn’t he?

  • Rule 18 C. Rule 19

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 4 D. Rule 15

correcting comma calamity 11
Correcting Comma Calamity #11
  • I met my favorite basketball player on December 9 2000 at Biggby Coffee.
  • Rule 14 C. Rule 1

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 6 D. Rule 5
correcting comma calamity 12
Correcting Comma Calamity #12
  • I would however like to return this recent purchase.
  • Rule 10 C. Rule 7

Visit Rule Book

  • Rule 6D. Rule 18
correcting comma calamity 13
Correcting Comma Calamity #13
  • Chris was a friendly old teacher.
  • Rule 19 C. Rule 4

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 3 D. Rule 7

correcting comma calamity 14
Correcting Comma Calamity #14

The most essential components of basketball are passing shooting and dribbling.

  • Rule 16 B. Rule 9

Visit Rule Book

C. Rule 1 D. Rule 5

correcting comma calamity 15
Correcting Comma Calamity #15

Al Mooney M.D. knew Sam Sunny Jr. and Charles Starr III.

  • Rule 6 C. Rule 13

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 8 D. Rule 7

correcting comma calamity 16
Correcting Comma Calamity #16

I chose the colors red and green and blue was his first choice.

  • Rule 8 C. Rule 13

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 6 D. Rule 14

correcting comma calamity 17
Correcting Comma Calamity #17
  • Well I do not agree that excess trash is destroying the environment.
  • Rule 17 C. Rule 13

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 11 D. Rule 12

correcting comma calamity 18
Correcting Comma Calamity #18

If you are not sure about this let me know now.

  • Rule 9 C. Rule 7

Visit Rule Book

B. Rule 3 D. Rule 5

correcting comma calamity 19
Correcting Comma Calamity #19
  • I am almost finished staining the floors but he still is working on trimming the doors.
  • Rule 14 B. Rule 8

Visit Rule Book

C. Rule 12 D. Rule 3

correcting comma calamity 20
Correcting Comma Calamity #20

I am as you may have noticed very anxious to get this lesson started.

  • Rule 9 B. Rule 8

Visit Rule Book

C. Rule 10 D. Rule 11

correct
CORRECT
  • I took Angie, the one with the freckles, to the movie last night.

Rule 11: Use a comma when a nonessential descriptor is used to introduce a person that has been sufficiently introduced.

    • Example: Freddy, who has a limp, was in an auto accident.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct1
CORRECT
  • She has a good healthy attitude about work.

Rule 2: Use a comma to separate two adjectives when the word and can be inserted between them.

    • Example: The girl is a popular, energetic student.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct2
CORRECT
  • To apply for this job, you must have a Social Security card.

Rule 10: Use a comma after the phrases of more than three wordsthat begin a sentence.

    • Example: In order to be successful in college, you must develop a consistent work ethic.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct3
CORRECT
  • Please, Sasha, come home from work.

Rule 4: Use a commas before or surrounding the name or title of a person directly addressed.

    • Example: Please, Alex, take the trash out to the dumpster today.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct4
CORRECT
  • I can go, can’t I?

Rule 15: Use a comma to separate a statement from a question.

    • Example: This road was plowed yesterday, wasn’t it?

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct5
CORRECT
  • The dog, which may already be clear to you, is not feeling healthy at this time.

Rule 8: Use commas to set off expressions interrupting sentence flow.

    • Example: This video, according to multiple magazine reports, is not meant to be watched those under fourteen.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct6
CORRECT
  • Mae said, “Why don’t you come up and see me sometime?”

Rule 14: Use a comma to introduce or interrupt direct quotations shorter than three lines.

    • Example: What he actually said was, “Remove the seat from the hallway.”

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct7
CORRECT
  • My hometown has been Traverse City, MI for the past three years.

Rule 6: Use a comma to separate the city from the state.

    • Example: The band mostly played at a venue in Milwaukee, WI during their early years.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct8
CORRECT
  • It is drizzling, not pouring.

Rule 16: Use a comma to separate contrasting parts of a sentence.

    • Example: The dog belongs to the Hills, not the Thomas family.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct9
CORRECT
  • Jerry purchased the new bike, didn’t he?

Rule 15: Use a comma to separate a statement from a question.

    • Example: This road was plowed yesterday, wasn’t it?

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct10
CORRECT
  • I met my favorite basketball player on December 9, 2000, at Biggby Coffee.

Rule 5: Use a comma to separate the day of the month from the year and after the year.

    • Example: Kathleen met her husband on December 5, 1999, on a exquisite summer day.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct11
CORRECT
  • I would, however, like to return this recent purchase.

Rule 18: Use a comma when surrounding words, such as therefore, however when they are used as interrupters.

    • Example: This shovel, however, does not clear out snow that well.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct12
CORRECT
  • Chris was a friendly, old teacher.

Rule 3: Use a comma when anly adjective is used with other adjectives.

    • Example: Emily is a friendly, supportive community member.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct13
CORRECT
  • The most essential components of basketball are passing, shooting, and dribbling.

Rule 1: Use a comma to separate words and word groups with a series of three or more.

    • Example: The My $10 million estate is to be split among my husband, daughter, son, and nephew.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct14
CORRECT
  • Al Mooney, M.D., knew Sam Sunny Jr. and Charles Starr III.

Rule 7: Use comma to surround degrees or titles used with names.

    • Example: Jeff Stannard, Ph.D., took on all the responsibilities in the new book club.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct15
CORRECT
  • I chose the colors red and green, and blue was his first choice.

Rule 13: Use a comma to separate two sentences if it will help avoid confusion.

    • Example: I have selected to buy an iPad and printer, and Bill has chosen to purchase a laptop.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct16
CORRECT

Well, I do not agree that excess trash is destroying the environment.

Rule 17: Use a comma when beginning sentences with introductory words such as well, now, or yes.

  • Example: Now, this may be the biggest problem I have ever faced.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct17
CORRECT
  • If you are not sure about this, let me know now.

Rule 9: Use a comma when starting with a weak introductory clause.

    • Example: If you have a question about this, please address this now.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct18
CORRECT
  • I am almost finished staining the floors, but he still is working on trimming the doors.

Rule 12: Use a comma to separate two strong clauses joined by coordinating conjunction-and, or, but, for nor.

    • Example: I have seen the first Spiderman movie, but not the second.

Return to Previous ?Move to Next ?

correct19
CORRECT
  • I am, as you may have noticed, very anxious to get this lesson started.

Rule 8: Use commas to set off expressions interrupting sentence flow.

    • Example: This video, according to multiple magazine reports, is not meant to be watched by those under the age fourteen.

Return to Previous ?

w r o n g
W-R-O-N-G
  • LEFT CLICK THE BUTTON BELOW TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS ?