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zeph-hogan

HIV/AIDS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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HIV/AIDS
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  1. HIV/AIDS Major effects on women and children in developing countries

  2. AIDS has a disproportionate impact on young women in Africa AIDS Prevalence (ages 15-24) in Sub-Saharan Africa Global Health Council

  3. Why do women have an increased risk? • Decision to have sex not theirs

  4. Why do women have an increased risk? • Decision not theirs • Married women • Higher rate than single women • Husbands already sexually experienced

  5. Women are more susceptible • Male – female transmission twice as high

  6. Women are more susceptible • Male – female transmission twice as high • Violence • “In Zambia, Kenya and South Africa, 20 to 25 percent of women reported that their first sexual experience involved physical force” (Global Health Council)

  7. Why do children have increased risk? • Contract from mother

  8. Why do children have increased risk? • Contract from mother • Immune system not as able to fight off

  9. Barriers to AIDS Prevention • Condom use not accepted

  10. Barriers to AIDS Prevention • Condom use not accepted

  11. Barriers to AIDS Prevention • Condom use not accepted • Stigma • “While in some places the advent of free and accessible antiretroviral therapy has offered hope and encouraged people to go for testing, stigma remains a barrier to testing even where treatment is available” (Plos Medicine)

  12. Results of the Epidemic • Orphans • No “breadwinner” left

  13. Potential Problems for Adolescents Affected by HIV/AIDS26 HIV doesn’t only affect the person who is infected Global Health Council

  14. Education can reduce transmission • Open discussion of facts and misconceptions

  15. Education can reduce transmission • Open discussion of facts and misconceptions • Reducing stigma in community

  16. Typical quiz 1.) Can you tell if a person has AIDS by looking at him or her? Yes Maybe No 2.) Is there a difference between HIV and AIDS? Yes Maybe No 3.) Can people get HIV/AIDS through sex? Yes Maybe No 4.) Can small children get HIV/AIDS though sex? Yes Maybe No 5.) Can you get HIV/AIDS if you have unprotected sex once? Yes Maybe No 6.) Can a mother give her child HIV/AIDS through breast milk? Yes Maybe No 7.) Is HIV/AIDS a problem only in Africa? Yes Maybe No 8.) Is it better to wear more than one condom? Yes Maybe No 9.) What must be on toothbrushes, razors, and needles to spread HIV? Blood Sweat Saliva

  17. Typical quiz 1.) Can you tell if a person has AIDS by looking at him or her? Yes Maybe No 2.) Is there a difference between HIV and AIDS? Yes Maybe No 3.) Can people get HIV/AIDS through sex? Yes Maybe No 4.) Can small children get HIV/AIDS though sex? Yes Maybe No 5.) Can you get HIV/AIDS if you have unprotected sex once? Yes Maybe No 6.) Can a mother give her child HIV/AIDS through breast milk? Yes Maybe No 7.) Is HIV/AIDS a problem only in Africa? Yes Maybe No 8.) Is it better to wear more than one condom? Yes Maybe No 9.) What must be on toothbrushes, razors, and needles to spread HIV? Blood Sweat Saliva

  18. Does it help? • On average, classes showed a 60 percent increase in score after the third day

  19. They don’t only need treatment, they need education, starting with the children!