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The United States and Canada. Culture. The United States. A Diverse Society. The United States is a nation of immigrants; therefore, there are multiple ethnic traditions and different races. Breakdown of the population: European Ancestry – 70\% Hispanic Americans – 13\%

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a diverse society
A Diverse Society
  • The United States is a nation of immigrants; therefore, there are multiple ethnic traditions and different races.
  • Breakdown of the population:
    • European Ancestry – 70%
    • Hispanic Americans – 13%
    • African Americans – 12%
    • Asian Americans – 4%
    • Native Americans – 1%
  • The largest ethnic groups English, German, Irish, African, French, Italian, Scottish, Polish and Mexican
language and religions
Language and Religions
  • English is the dominant language of the United States
    • Spanish comes in as the second most common language in the US.
    • Majority of immigrants will continue to speak their native language until they have learned English.
  • Religious Freedom – cornerstone of American society
    • There are over 1,000 different religious groups that practice their faith in the United States.
  • The major religious groups in the United States include – Christians (Protestants and Roman Catholics), Jews, and Muslims.
the arts and popular culture
The Arts and Popular Culture
  • There is a rich artistic heritage due to the diverse population.
    • The first artists – the Native Americans
    • The Europeans brought their artistic traditions with them.
  • The 19th century  major period of artistic development
    • Seen in music, literature, painting and architecture
  • Modern-Day motion pictures and popular music are the two most influential art forms
    • This form of entertainment is influential across the globe (cultural diffusion)
american life today
American Life Today
  • The American Dream
    • Immigrants come to the United States looking or a better life for themselves and their children.
  • Where Americans Live
    • About 80 percent of Americans live in cities or surrounding suburbs
      • First moved from rural areas to cities, then cities to suburbs
  • Movement to the suburbs was made possible by automobiles
sub regions the northeast
Sub-Regions – The Northeast
  • Quick Facts
    • There are nine states that are found in this region.
    • The region covers about 5 percent of the nation’s land area, but is home to 20 percent of the country’s population.
  • America’s Gateway
    • The area received many of the first European settlers – considered the “gateway” to American lands.
  • The region is highly industrialized and urbanized.
    • A lot of the seaboard cities serve as international trade centers.
    • The amount of natural resources available in the region allow for industrial growth and development.
    • There has been a transition into manufacturing and service industries.
the northeast
The Northeast
  • “Rust Belt” – the declining and abandoned traditional industries
    • Many of these industries have moved overseas or to warmer climates in the United States.
  • Growth of the Megalopolis
    • Megalopolis = a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
    • The nation’s first megalopolis developed in the Northeast – “BosWash”
      • It stretches through 500 miles of highly urbanized areas (from Boston to Washington, DC
      • It contains one-sixth of the US population
      • Rapid road, rail and air links are vital to its economic development and expansion
sub regions the midwest
Sub-Regions – The Midwest
  • Quick Facts:
    • There are twelve states that make up the region.
    • The land is also referred to as the “American Heartland”
    • The region occupies about 20 percent of the land and 25 percent of the US population.
  • Agricultural and Industrial Heartland
    • The Midwest is often referred to as the “breadbasket”.
    • The central location of the region makes it a trade, transportation, and distribution area.
    • The waterways also make cities more accessible.
  • Changing the Face of the Midwest
    • The number of farms is declining; therefore, more jobs are in the service industries
  • People and industries are moving away from the region to the South and West.
sub regions the south
Sub-Regions – The South
  • Quick Facts
    • There are sixteen states in this region
      • Eleven of the states were members of the Confederacy during the Civil War.
      • Texas is sometimes considered a part of the Southwest (added with some states from the West).
  • The Old South
    • The region has some of the oldest American settlements.
    • There is a mix of cultures that reflect the diversity of its settlers.
      • British, African, Hispanic, Cajun and Creoles are some of the major groups.
    • Sometimes referred to as part of the “sunbelt” because of the climate.
the south
The South
  • The New South
    • The region’s humid subtropical climate hindered industrialization.
      • Agriculture was the primary focus of South.
      • Livestock activity was also prevalent in the region.
    • Introduction of air conditioning (in 1950s) and the region’s energy resources gave a boost to industry - - - changed the cultural atmosphere in the region.
    • Major industries are moving from the Midwest and the Northeast.
      • New populations mean changes in culture.
sub regions the west
Sub-Regions – The West
  • Quick Facts
    • The region is composed of thirteen states; it is composed of lands stretching from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean (and includes Alaska).
    • The region covers 50 percent of the land area of the United States, but only 20 percent of the population.
  • Settling in the West
    • Same sort of settlement practices today as in the frontier days: wherever landforms and climates are most favorable.
      • Limited the interaction between groups of people
    • The region is the most rapidly growing area in the United States.
      • The increasing population means an increase in the diversity present.
  • Developing the West
    • Growth of the region in the 20th century was aided with air conditioning and irrigation.
      • Water supply allowed inland with the use of irrigation.
    • Production of multiple goods and trade has also aided in the development of the region.
  • The cultural diversity is allowed to prosper
the atlantic provinces
The Atlantic Provinces
  • These are the four eastern provinces – Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
  • Harsh Lands and Small Populations
    • This region is home to about 8 percent of Canada’s population.
    • The majority of people live in coastal cities because of the rugged terrain and severe weather.
  • People make a living using what is available to them  many depend on forestry and fishing industries
the core provinces
The Core Provinces
  • This region is composed of the two provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
  • The Heartland of Canada
    • This region is often referred to as the heartland of Canada because of its importance socially, economically and politically.
    • Three out of five Canadians live in this region.
    • Most settlements are found along the St. Lawrence Seaway and the Great Lakes.
    • Two major culture are found in specific provinces of this region:
      • Ontario – English-speaking majority
      • Quebec – French-speaking Canadians
the prairie provinces
The Prairie Provinces
  • There are three provinces that make up this region – Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.
  • Canada’s Breadbasket
    • This region is connected to the Great Plains in the United States – meaning the land is fertile and plentiful.
  • A Cultural Mix
    • Diverse populations found in each province including :
      • Manitoba – Scots-Irish, Germans, Scandinavians, Ukranians and Poles
      • Saskatchewan – South and East Asians; metis
      • Alberta – European immigrants and Indian, Japanese, Lebanese and Vietnamese
    • The combination of cultures creates a varied culture, not specific to one group
pacific province and territories
Pacific Province and Territories
  • This region is composed of British Columbia and three territories – Yukon Territory, Northwest Territory and Nunavut.
    • This area makes up the western and northern parts of Canada.
  • British Columbia
    • More than half of the land is densely forested, making it difficult for human habitation.
      • Most of the population is located in the southwest part of the province.
    • The area relies on ports and trading, thereby introducing more cultures through the major port cities.
  • The Territories
    • The land of the territories accounts for 41 percent of the country’s land mass.
      • However, they are sparsely populated (too sparse to be provinces).
    • Major area – Nunavut
      • It was carved out of the eastern territories in 1999 and is the home of the Canadian Inuit.
      • The land is rugged but some of it is useful for economic purposes
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