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www.internet2.edu. Internet2: International Collaborations. Ana Preston [email protected] New Media Seminar University of Notre Dame. Outline for today’s talk. Internet2 International Partnerships International Collaboration Highlights Observations. Internet2: Mission and Goals.

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Internet2 international collaborations

Internet2: International Collaborations

Ana Preston [email protected]

New Media Seminar

University of Notre Dame


Outline for today s talk
Outline for today’s talk

  • Internet2 International Partnerships

  • International Collaboration Highlights

  • Observations


Internet2 mission and goals
Internet2: Mission and Goals

  • Develop and deploy advanced network applications and technologies for research and higher education, accelerating the creation of tomorrow’s internet.

    • Enable new generation of applications

    • Create leading edge R&E network capability: Supporting advanced service efforts (multicast, IPv6, QoS, Measurement, Security)

    • Transfer technology and experience to the global production Internet


Internet2 focus areas
Internet2 Focus Areas

  • Advanced Applications

  • Middleware

  • Network Engineering

    • End to End Performance

  • Advanced Network Infrastructure

  • Partnerships

    • Government

    • Corporate

    • International


Partnerships internet2 international
Partnerships:Internet2 International

  • Strategic importance to Internet2

  • Ensure global interoperability

    • of the next generation of Internet technologies and applications

  • Enable global collaboration

    • in research and education providing/promoting the development of an advanced networking environment internationally Build effective partnerships in other countries

  • With organizations of similar goals/objectives and similar constituencies

  • Mechanism: Memoranda of Understanding


Mou in brief
MoU in brief

  • Provide/promote interconnectivity between communities

  • Collaborate on technology development and deployment

  • Facilitate collaboration between members on applications

  • Encourage technology transfer


International mou partners

Europe-Middle East

ARNES (Slovenia)

BELNET (Belgium)

CARNET (Croatia)

CESnet (Czech Republic)

DANTE (Europe)

DFN-Verein (Germany)

GIP RENATER (France)

GRNET (Greece)

HEAnet (Ireland)

HUNGARNET (Hungary)

INFN-GARR (Italy)

Israel-IUCC (Israel)

NORDUnet (Nordic Countries)

POL-34 (Poland)

RCST (Portugal)

RedIRIS (Spain)

RESTENA (Luxembourg)

SANET (Slovakia)

Stichting SURF (Netherlands)

SWITCH (Switzerland)

TERENA (Europe)

JISC, UKERNA (United Kingdom)

Americas

CANARIE (Canada)

CEDIA (Ecuador)

CNTI (Venezuela)

CRNET (Costa Rica)

CUDI (Mexico)

REUNA (Chile)

RETINA (Argentina)

RNP2/ANSP (Brazil)

SENACYT (Panama)

Asia-Pacific

AAIREP (Australia)

APAN (Asia-Pacific)

APAN-KR (Korea)

APRU (Asia-Pacific)

CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET (China)

JAIRC (Japan)

JUCC (Hong Kong)

NECTEC / UNINET (Thailand)

SingAREN (Singapore)

TAnet2 (Taiwan)

International MoU Partners


Mou partners discussions in progress
MoU Partners: Discussions In Progress

  • Newest Internet2 MoU Partners: Ecuador (CEDIA), CNTI (Venezuela), Slovakia (SANET)

  • America:

    • Uruguay, Colombia

    • Peru, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Cuba

  • Europe:

    • Russia

  • Africa:

    • South Africa

  • Asia:

    • Malaysia, India


Infrastructure international
Infrastructure: International

  • Internet2 backbone networks have no non-US infrastructure

  • Primarily, our partners’ networks pay to get to the US

  • Peering at major international exchange points in U.S. encouraged

  • NSF provides some funding for 3 international links and one interconnection point

    • TransPAC, EuroLink, MIRnet/NAUKAnet, STAR TAP


Abilene international peering october 2002

09 January 2002

Sacramento

Washington

Los Angeles

Abilene International Peering (October 2002)

STAR TAP/Star Light

APAN/TransPAC†, CA*net4, CERN, NAUKAnet, GEMnet, HARNET, HEANET, KOREN/KREONET2, NORDUnet, SURFnet, SingAREN, TAnet2

Pacific Wave

AARNET, APAN/TransPAC† CA*net4, TANET2

NYCM

CA*net3,

GEANT*,

HEANET,

NORDUnet

SNVA

GEMNET, SINET, SingAREN, WIDE

LOSA

UNINET

OC3->OC12

San Diego (CALREN2)

CUDI

AMPATH

ANSP, REUNA, RNP2, RETINA

El Paso (UACJ-UT El Paso)

CUDI

  • ARNES, CARNET, CESnet, DFN, GRNET, JANET, NORDUNET, RENATER, RESTENA, SWITCH, HUNGARNET, GARR-B, POL-34, RCCN, RedIRIS

  • † WIDE/JGN, IMnet, CERNet, CSTnet,


International interconnection points highlights

STAR TAP/StarLight (Chicago)

NSF-funded project

ATM-based STAR TAP

StarLight: GbE switch-based

Pacific Wave (Seattle)

Gigabit Ethernet-based

Seattle

Pacific Northwest Gigapop

AmPATH (Miami)

Includes Global Crossing links to South America

MAN Lan (New York)

Internet2 project

Site at NYSERNET colo space?

GbE-switch based

CALREN2 & UTEP

CUDI connections

Tijuana – San Diego

Ciudad Juarez – El Paso

Other places

Los Angeles

Sunnyvale

International interconnection points highlights

Key international exchange points facilitated by Internet2 membership and the U.S. scientific community


Networks reachable via abilene by country
Networks reachable via Abilene – by country

Europe-Middle East

Asia-Pacific

Americas

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Croatia

Czech Republic

Cyprus

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

United Kingdom

*CERN

Australia

China

Hong Kong

Japan

Korea

Singapore

Taiwan

Thailand

Argentina

Brazil

Canada

Chile

Mexico

United States

More information about reachable networks at

www.internet2.edu/abilene/peernetworks.html

Also, see www.startap.net


Next generation abilene international update
Next Generation Abilene” international update

  • IEEAF (Internet Educational Equal Access Foundation) transatlantic donations – www.ieeaf.org

    • 10-Gbps  (unprotected) and OC-12c SONET links

      • ’s from Los Angeles to Amsterdam!

    • Now links Abilene in NYC and SURFnet in Amsterdam

    • Joint effort in time for iGrid2002, Amsterdam (9/2002)

    • Working collaboratively to extend reach in Europe

      • GEANT and GTRN


Global terabit research network gtrn http www gtrn net
Global Terabit Research Network (GTRN)http://www.gtrn.net/

  • Cooperatively, cohesively managed intercontinental infrastructure

    • Focus on end to end performance on global basis for global science

  • Initial partners:

    • Europe NREN Consortium/DANTE

    • Internet2

  • Need global engagement by continent

    • CANARIE (Canada) engaged

    • Asian partnership on the works

    • Any initiative at continental scale


Gtrn current infrastructure

DANTE-provided router in NYC in GTRN AS

DANTE-provided 2.5gbps links across Atlantic to GEANT

Abilene providing tunnel between New York, (Chicago), Seattle

NSF-funded StarLight will provide GNAP

Pacific Wave hosting GNAP in Seattle

Global NOC at Indiana University

GTRN: Current Infrastructure



Europe highlights
Europehighlights

  • TERENA (Trans European Research and Education Network Association)

    • Membership association of National Research Networks (NRNs)

    • No network, but technology and applications working groups

  • TERENA organization undertaking middleware deployment issues

  • GEANT

    • Pan-European network (connects together National Research Networks) ~31 countries

    • Operated by DANTE


Europe highlights1
Europehighlights

  • Several key global science facilities in Europe:

  • - CERN

  • - radio astronomy facilities

    • e-LVBI: “very long baseline interferometry” High speed astronomy data transmission

    • Starting October, set of experiments online

  • - number of ‘grid’ projects European-wide

  • IPv6 focus

    • 6Net testbed


Geant http www dante org uk
GEANThttp://www.dante.org.uk

  • 31 countries connecting

  • Operated by DANTE

  • 10gbps core backbone

    • Connectors at 2.5gbps and below

  • 3x2.5gbps across Atlantic

  • Outreach to SE Europe (Balkans), Med. (+N. Africa), S. America (@LIS-CAESAR), Asia (TEIN)


Asia connectivity to usa october 2002
Asia: Connectivity to USA(October 2002)

*WIDE-JGN, IMNet, CERNET/CSTNET, ThaiSARN, SingAREN, TANET, KOREN/KREONET2


Asia pacific highlights
Asia-Pacifichighlights

  • APAN: Asia-Pacific Advanced Network

  • Partner in TransPAC link

  • Several national networks moving to 10Gbps

  • APAN network made up of country-owned p2p links contributed to APAN

  • Trans Eurasia and Trans Pacific connectivity increasing


Transpac http www transpac org
TransPAChttp://www.transpac.org

  • Connections APAN to US

    • OC-12 POS Seattle (Pacific Wave) to Tokyo

    • OC-12 ATM Chicago (StarLight) to Tokyo

    • Together 1.244 Gbps Tokyo to the US


Asia pacific what s coming up
Asia-Pacificwhat’s coming up?

  • CJK Hub

    • Genkai project – GbE between Japan and Korea

    • Korea – China link?

  • TEIN

    • Korea to France link

    • 45mbps

    • RENATER managing, European Commission interested in taking on broad European context


Genkai hyunhae
Genkai/Hyunhae

Seoul

Korea

Busan

250㎞

Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan

GbE

  • KJCN (Korea-Japan Cable Network)

    • Starting in 2002.3

    • 12 fiber pairs with no relays

    • Starting from 50Gbps 2.88Terabit

    • (current traffic volume between KR and JP : about 500Mbps)

By Koji Okamura



America highlights

Canada – CA*Net4

Mexico – IPv6 first native international peering

CLARA

Cooperacion Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas

Driven by opportunity to participate in GTRN, European interest

Formal organization

European interest/money

@LIS project, CAESAR study

AMPATH: Florida International University

Potential to connect 10 countries at 45mbps each

Global Crossing

Peering through Miami (collocated with SFGP)

Now has some NSF funding

America highlights


CU

AMPATH

MX

Centroamérica y Caribe

GEANT


Arcos Activo

Plan Puebla-Panamá en planificación

America: CLARAhighlights


Africa highlights
Africahighlights

  • No dedicated R&E network connectivity from African continent

  • European Commission funding connections from northern Africa to GEANT


Eumedconnect
EUMEDCONNECT

  • Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, the Palestinian authority, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey

    • Egypt: Egyptian Universities Network (EUN) http://www.frcu.eun.eg/

    • Morocco: Maroc Wide Area Network (MARWAN) http://www.marwan.ac.ma/


Other university networks research links
Other university networks, research links

  • South Africa: Tertiary Education Network (TENET) http://www.tenet.ac.za/

  • National Institutes of Health MIMcom project

    • Satellite connectivity to malaria research sites in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania

    • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mimcom/locations.html


Resources
Resources

  • www.internet2.edu/international

    • Links to most of the networks/organizations listed

  • ARENA (funded in part by NSF)

    • Links to research and education networks

    • NOC and technical contact information

    • Who connects to which network

    • Which networks are connected together (peer)

    • Pathfinder tool draws a path and shows bandwidth from one institution to another

      http://arena.internet2.edu

  • Contact Ana Preston <[email protected]> or Heather Boyles <[email protected]>


  • Uses highlights
    Uses: highlights

    • The new science: e-science:

      • Science used to about test tubes, wet labs and big instruments

      • But increasingly science is moving to networks and computers

      • Science is more global and distributed


    Remote instrumentation and data analysis
    Remote Instrumentation and Data Analysis

    Large scientific projects increasingly draw on resources from many countries.

    Scientists can use high-performance networks for remote instrument control and to pool computing resources for data analysis, improving ease of use and lowering costs.

    • The Gemini Observatory – Twin Telescopes

    • An international collaboration (US, Australia, U.K., Canada, Chile, Argentina, Brazil)

      • NSF funds US participation

    Mauna Kea, Hawai’i, USA

    Cerro Pachon, Chile


    Digital video distance ed
    Digital Video – Distance Ed

    • Tele-presence environments

    • Real-time interactions with very high quality audio and MPEG-2 video

    • as needed “meetings” connecting faculty and staff across the ocean

    • Plain and Simple:Language/cultural Exchanges

    • CCIU World Tour/Univ. of Pennsylvania

    • Learning foreign languages through cultural exchanges and problem based experiential learning


    Summary
    Summary

    • Leading-edge, high-performance network infrastructure is being put in place to support science, research, teaching and learning in countries around the world

    • As a global community, we need to work even more closely together to ensure support for global applications on an end to end basis



    International partners
    International Partners

    • The following slides contain more information on some of our Internet2 International Partners.

    • We start with Asia, follow with Europe and then with the Americas.



    Apan http www apan net
    APANhttp://www.apan.net

    • APAN is Asian partner on TransPAC link

    • APAN network made up of country-owned p2p links contributed to APAN


    Aarnet http www aarnet edu au
    AARNEThttp://www.aarnet.edu.au/

    • 155Mbps

      • Plan to run unprotected and utilize double bandwidth

    • Connects at Pacific Wave

    • Supports academic and research community in Australia

    Source: George McLaughlin, AARNET


    Cernet http www edu cn
    CERNEThttp://www.edu.cn/

    • 10Mbps to Japan (APAN)

    • Within China:

      • 16x2.5G DWDM system (two lambda’s are currently running)

      • OC48 POS links to 8 cities

      • OC3 POS SDH links to all provincial capitals (except Lhasa)

      • unicast and multicast

    Source: Xing Li, CERNET


    Koren kreonet2 http www koren21 net http www kreonet2 net
    KOREN/KREONET2http://www.koren21.net, http://www.kreonet2.net

    • Sharing 45mbps link across Pacific to STAR TAP

      • KREONET2 is led by KISTI and funded by Ministry of Sci & Tech

      • KOREN is funded by Ministry of Info and Comm and operated by Korea Telecom


    Sinet http www nii ac jp network e html

    SuperSINET Sites

    Jan. 2002

    Oct. 2002

    Oct. 2003

    SINEThttp://www.nii.ac.jp/network-e.html

    • SINET national backbone network for higher education

    • SuperSINET for research projects (~14 versus 300 SINET universities)

      • 10gbps backbone in Japan

      • 155mbps Abilene in Sunnyvale


    Wide ipv6 connection http www wide ad jp
    WIDE IPv6 Connectionhttp://www.wide.ad.jp/

    • First international, native IPv6 connection

      • 45mbps Tokyo to Sunnyvale

      • Connects to Abilene IPv6 router in Sunnyvale

      • DV over IP applications development

        • Fujitsu at University of Maryland


    Gemnet

    Radio Frequency Signals from Space

    KSP Kashima Station

    Usuda Deep Space Center (ISAS)

    Kashima Space Research Center (CRL)

    Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NAO)

    2.4Gb/s ATM Network

    NTT Musashino R&D Center

    KSP Tateyama Station (CRL)

    KSP Miura Station (CRL)

    KSP Koganei Station

    National Astronomical Observatory

    Communications Research Laboratory

    GEMNET

    • NTT Labs-owned and operated network

      • Connects NTT Research Labs in Japan

      • Plus several radio telescope installations

      • Plus U. Kyoto and U. Tokyo

      • 2.4Gb/s circuits

      • 33mbps connection to US, of which 10mb PVC to Abilene, also to STAR TAP


    Singaren http www singaren net sg
    SingARENhttp://www.singaren.net.sg/

    • Currently 27mbps across Pacific

      • Peers with Abilene in Sunnyvale

      • 45mbps PVC to STAR TAP/AADS switch


    Tanet2 http www tanet2 net tw
    TANET2http://www.tanet2.net.tw/

    • Recently upgraded to 90Mbps connection to Pacific Wave, Seattle

      • Connects select few, high-end research institutions in Taiwan

      • Peers with several nets at Pacific Wave


    Uninnet http www uni net th index e html
    UNINNEThttp://www.uni.net.th/index_e.html

    • Funded by Ministry of University Affairs in Thailand

      • Connects most universities in Thailand

      • Via 155mbps links

      • Currently has 10mbps PVC to Los Angeles

      • Peers with Abilene in L.A.

      • Other major net in Thailand is run by NECTEC (Ministry of Science & Tech funding)



    Janet http www ja net
    JANEThttp://www.ja.net

    • 2.5gbps backbone in UK

    • Connects MANs – connecting universities

      • Supporting UK gov’t funded e-Science projects

    • Utilizing GEANT connection to peer with Abilene currently


    Surfnet http www surfnet nl
    SURFnethttp://www.surfnet.nl/

    • 2x622mbps to StarLight (production)

    • Lambda for research (2.5gbps)

    • StarLight counterpart in Amsterdam

    Source: Erik-Jan Bos


    Cern http www cern ch

    KPNQWEST

    T3 (21 Mb)

    CERN - North America, today

    STARTAP

    T3 ATM

    CERN PoP Chicago

    STM-1 ATM

    STM-1 POS

    STM-1 ATM

    TEN-155 ATM

    ESNET

    CERN

    CIXP

    CERNhttp://www.cern.ch

    • Currently behind GEANT

    • Sept 2002: DataTag OC48 (2.4gbps) to StarLight

    Source: Paolo Moroni, CERN


    Heanet http www heanet ie
    HEANEThttp://www.heanet.ie

    • Serves the Irish universities

    • Using 2 of several OC3 (155mbps) links to peer in NYC

    • Upgrading backbone to 155mbps


    Nordunet http www nordu net
    NORDUnethttp://www.nordu.net/

    • Connects together networks of Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden

    • Reworking 622mbps to New York (plus 155 to StarLight)

    Providing transit to RUNNET (Russia), EENET (Estonia), UARNET (Ukraine) and NASK (Warsaw, Poland)


    Ca net http www canarie ca

    CANARIE

    GigaPOP

    Edmonton

    Saskatoon

    Prince George

    St. John’s

    Calgary

    Regina

    Winnipeg

    Quebec

    Charlottetown

    Thunder Bay

    Montreal

    Europe

    Victoria

    Ottawa

    Vancouver

    Fredericton

    CANARIE

    Optical switches

    Halifax

    Seattle

    Chicago

    New York

    CA*net 4 node

    Toronto

    Possible future CA*net 4 node

    Windsor

    CA*nethttp://www.canarie.ca

    • Currently procuring CA*net4 network

    • Wavelength-based

    • Connects provincial networks

    • 1st Internet2 MoU Partner

    Source: Bill St. Arnaud, CANARIE



    Mexico http www cudi edu mx
    Mexicohttp://www.cudi.edu.mx

    • Connecting 41 universities in México; expected 80

    • Connecting to U.S.:

    • - via Tijuana – San Diego (with transit from CALREN2 to Abilene) at 155mbps

    • 100mbps between Ciudad Juarez and El Paso

    • “Convenios internacionales” with CANARIE, Internet2/UCAID, CENIC, REUNA, RETINA


    Brazil http www rnp br

    Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa - RNP

    Connecting ~27 Brazilian states at 155 Mbps.

    RNP2 – AmPATH via DS-3

    Brazilhttp://www.rnp.br


    Brazil http www ansp br

    ANSP:

    Academic Network at Sao Paulo

    AmPATH via 45Mbps

    Brazilhttp://www.ansp.br


    Argentina http www retina ar
    Argentinahttp://www.retina.ar

    • Red Teleinformática Académica

    • Red RETINA:

    • Connecting ~25 institutions

    • Retina2: via AMPATH


    Chile http www reuna cl

    Red Universitaria Nacional – REUNA

    10 POP’s from Arica to Valdivia

    155 Mbps ATM/SDH Network

    Centrally operated from Santiago

    Basic Internet and Internet2 services

    REUNA3: Gigabit Backbone Project

    Iquique

    Antofagasta

    Copiapó

    La Serena

    Valparaíso

    Santiago

    Talca

    Concepción

    Temuco

    Valdivia

    Chilehttp://www.reuna.cl

    Geographical Distribution of REUNA2 POP’s


    Costa rica http www crnet cr

    National Research Network - CRNet

    Costa Ricahttp://www.crnet.cr

    • Internet2 connectivity possibly through Los Arcos


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