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Cognitive Linguistics Croft & Cruse 10. An overview of construction grammars (part 1, through 10.2.1). 10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction. Constructions are pairings of form and meaning – symbolic units

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cognitive linguistics croft cruse 10

Cognitive LinguisticsCroft & Cruse 10

An overview of construction grammars

(part 1, through 10.2.1)

10 1 1 grammatical representation the anatomy of a construction
10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction
  • Constructions are pairings of form and meaning – symbolic units
  • Even the most general syntactic constructions have general rules of semantic interpretation.
  • Meaning (= semantic structure) includes all conventionalized aspects of a construction’s function, including discourse and pragmatic functions
  • The link to meaning is internal to a construction, syntactic structures are NOT independent of semantic structures, these are symbolic links
10 1 1 grammatical representation the anatomy of a construction cont d
10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction, cont’d.
  • Elements: parts of syntactic structure
  • Components: parts of semantic structure
  • Unit: a symbolic part (element + component) of a construction
  • Semantic relations: between components
  • Syntactic relations: between elements
10 1 1 grammatical representation the anatomy of a construction cont d1
10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction, cont’d.
  • Two questions arise from construction grammar:
    • 1) What is the status of the categories of the syntactic elements in construction grammar?
    • 2) What sorts of syntactic relations are posited?
10 1 2 the organization of constructional knowledge
10.1.2 The organization of constructional knowledge
  • Each construction is a node in a taxonomic network of constructions (remember radial categories? This is similar, except that it accommodates various levels of abstraction.)
  • A given construction may have multiple parents. I didn’t sleep instantiates both Intransitive Verb and Negative constructions
10 1 2 the organization of constructional knowledge cont d
10.1.2 The organization of constructional knowledge, cont’d.
  • A construction typically provides only partial specification of the structure of an utterance
  • Two more questions arise:
    • 3) What sorts of relations are found between constructions?
    • 4) How is information stored in the construction taxonomy?
10 2 some current theories of construction grammar
10.2 Some current theories of construction grammar
  • Different versions of the theory focus on different issues:
    • Construction Grammar (Fillmore/Kay) – syntactic relations and inheritance
    • Lakoff/Goldberg – categorization relations between constructions
    • Cognitive Grammar (Langacker) – semantic categories and relations
    • Radical Construction Grammar (Croft) – syntactic categories and universals
  • We will ask questions 1)-4) concerning each version of the theory
10 2 1 construction grammar
10.2.1 Construction Grammar
  • Similar to formalism of HPSG
  • Uniform representation of all grammatical properties, formal and functional, as features with values, gathered in sets called feature structures

Charles Fillmore

Paul Kay

10 2 1 construction grammar cont d
10.2.1 Construction Grammar, cont’d.
  • Q&A:
    • 1) What is the status of the categories of the syntactic elements in construction grammar?
      • Reductionist model of syntactic structure made up of primitive atomic units
    • 2) What sorts of syntactic relations are posited?
      • Roles and relations (all are predicate-argument relations)
10 2 1 construction grammar cont d1
10.2.1 Construction Grammar, cont’d.
  • Q&A:
    • 3) What sorts of relations are found between constructions?
    • 4) How is information stored in the construction taxonomy?
      • (Answer to both:) Construction grammar is a complete inheritance model, in which information is represented only once, at the most schematic level, and a construction inherits the feature structures of its parent constructions
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