Nutrition and Weight Status Jose Batista, Kyle Pizzichili, Melanie Dotts
Nutrition & Weight Status • Diet and body weight are related to health status. • Good nutrition is important to the growth and development of children. • A healthful diet can help Americans reduce their risk for many health conditions.
What is the goal? • To promote health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of healthful diets • To achieve and maintain healthy body weights
Overview • The nutrition and weight status objectives for Healthy People 2020 reflect strong science supporting the health benefits of eating a healthful diet and maintaining a healthy body weight. • The objectives also emphasize that efforts to change diet and weight should address individual behaviors, as well as the policies and environments that support these behaviors in settings such as: -Schools -Worksites -Health Care Organizations -Communities
Americans with a healthful diet: • Consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods within and across the food groups, especially whole grains, fruits, vegetables, low-fat or fat-free milk or milk products, & lean meat or other protein sources. • Limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, sodium, and alcohol. • Limit caloric intake to meet caloric needs.
Why is Nutrition & Weight Status a problem? Having a poor diet can lead to health conditions including: • Overweight and obesity • Malnutrition • Iron-deficiency anemia • Heart disease • High blood pressure • Dyslipidemia (poor lipid profiles) • Type 2 diabetes • Osteoporosis • Oral disease • Constipation • Diverticular disease • Some cancers
What are the nation’s objectives? • Healthier Food Access • Increase proportion of schools that offer nutritious foods and beverages outside of school meals. • Health Care & Worksite Settings • Increase the proportion of primary care physicians who regularly measure the BMI of their patients • Increase the proportion of physician office visits that include counseling or education related to nutrition or weight.
What are the nation’s objectives? • Weight Status • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are considered obese. • Prevent inappropriate weight gain in youth and adults (developmental). • Food Insecurity • Eliminate very low food security among children. • Reduce household food insecurity and in doing so reduce hunger.
What are the nation’s objectives? • Food and Nutrient Consumption • Increase the variety and contribution of vegetables to the diets of the population aged 2 years and older. • Reduce consumption of calories from solid fats and added sugars in the population aged 2 years and older. • Iron Deficiency • Reduce iron deficiency among young children and females of childbearing age.
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives? • Obesity: Adults (1998-94 to 2009-10) • From 1999-2000 to 2009-10, the proportion of adults aged 20 and over who were obese increased: -7.2% for females -29.1% for males
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives? • Obesity: Children (1988-94 to 2009-10) • From 1999-2000 to 2009-10, the proportion of children and adolescents aged 2-19 years who were considered obese increased: -8.7% for females -32.9% for males
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives? • Food Insecurity: Households (1995-2011) • The proportion of U.S households that reported experiencing food insecurity during a 12-month period increased 25.2%.
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives? • Sodium Consumption (2007-10) • In 2007-10, persons aged 2 years and over had a mean total daily sodium intake of 3,588 mg. • Sodium intake varied by sex, race, ethnicity, and education. • Males: 4,128 mg / Females: 3,083 mg • Hispanic or Latinos: 3,334 mg / Non-Hispanic White: 3,661 mg • Without high school diploma: 3,505 mg / With: 3,799 mg
How can our nation further address this problem? • Reduce stressors • Restaurants or fast food chains offering healthier options • Lowering the cost of healthier foods in the food store • Time management workshops • Teaching more nutrition at a younger age
References • Healthy People 2020 http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=29- • Nutrition.gov http://www.nutrition.gov/nutrition-and-health-issues/overweight-and-obesity