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Nutrition and Weight Status. Jose Batista, Kyle Pizzichili , Melanie Dotts. Nutrition & Weight Status. Diet and body weight are related to health status. Good nutrition is important to the growth and development of children.

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nutrition and weight status

Nutrition and Weight Status

Jose Batista, Kyle Pizzichili, Melanie Dotts

nutrition weight status
Nutrition & Weight Status
  • Diet and body weight are related to health status.
  • Good nutrition is important to the growth and development of children.
  • A healthful diet can help Americans reduce their risk for many health conditions.
what is the goal
What is the goal?
  • To promote health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of healthful diets
  • To achieve and maintain healthy body weights
overview
Overview
  • The nutrition and weight status objectives for Healthy People 2020 reflect strong science supporting the health benefits of eating a healthful diet and maintaining a healthy body weight.
  • The objectives also emphasize that efforts to change diet and weight should address individual behaviors, as well as the policies and environments that support these behaviors in settings such as: -Schools

-Worksites

-Health Care Organizations

-Communities

americans with a healthful diet
Americans with a healthful diet:
  • Consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods within and across the food groups, especially whole grains, fruits, vegetables, low-fat or fat-free milk or milk products, & lean meat or other protein sources.
  • Limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, sodium, and alcohol.
  • Limit caloric intake to meet caloric needs.
why is nutrition weight status a problem
Why is Nutrition & Weight Status a problem?

Having a poor diet can lead to health conditions including:

  • Overweight and obesity
  • Malnutrition
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Dyslipidemia (poor lipid profiles)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Osteoporosis
  • Oral disease
  • Constipation
  • Diverticular disease
  • Some cancers
what are the nation s objectives
What are the nation’s objectives?
  • Healthier Food Access
    • Increase proportion of schools that offer nutritious foods and beverages outside of school meals.
  • Health Care & Worksite Settings
    • Increase the proportion of primary care physicians who regularly measure the BMI of their patients
    • Increase the proportion of physician office visits that include counseling or education related to nutrition or weight.
what are the nation s objectives1
What are the nation’s objectives?
  • Weight Status
    • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are considered obese.
    • Prevent inappropriate weight gain in youth and adults (developmental).
  • Food Insecurity
    • Eliminate very low food security among children.
    • Reduce household food insecurity and in doing so reduce hunger.
what are the nation s objectives2
What are the nation’s objectives?
  • Food and Nutrient Consumption
    • Increase the variety and contribution of vegetables to the diets of the population aged 2 years and older.
    • Reduce consumption of calories from solid fats and added sugars in the population aged 2 years and older.
  • Iron Deficiency
    • Reduce iron deficiency among young children and females of childbearing age.
how is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives?
  • Obesity: Adults (1998-94 to 2009-10)
    • From 1999-2000 to 2009-10, the proportion of adults aged 20 and over who were obese increased: -7.2% for females -29.1% for males
how is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives1
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives?
  • Obesity: Children (1988-94 to 2009-10)
    • From 1999-2000 to 2009-10, the proportion of children and adolescents aged 2-19 years who were considered obese increased: -8.7% for females -32.9% for males
how is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives2
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives?
  • Food Insecurity: Households (1995-2011)
    • The proportion of U.S households that reported experiencing food insecurity during a 12-month period increased 25.2%.
how is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives3
How is our nation doing in regards to meeting the objectives?
  • Sodium Consumption (2007-10)
    • In 2007-10, persons aged 2 years and over had a mean total daily sodium intake of 3,588 mg.
    • Sodium intake varied by sex, race, ethnicity, and education.
      • Males: 4,128 mg / Females: 3,083 mg
      • Hispanic or Latinos: 3,334 mg / Non-Hispanic White: 3,661 mg
      • Without high school diploma: 3,505 mg / With: 3,799 mg
how can our nation further address this problem
How can our nation further address this problem?
  • Reduce stressors
  • Restaurants or fast food chains offering healthier options
  • Lowering the cost of healthier foods in the food store
  • Time management workshops
  • Teaching more nutrition at a younger age
references
References
  • Healthy People 2020 http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=29-
  • Nutrition.gov http://www.nutrition.gov/nutrition-and-health-issues/overweight-and-obesity