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Holy Orders. priesthood & Priesthood . Common priesthood of the faithful All the baptized are initiated Christ’s life, death, and resurrection. Through baptism, all are called to a life of faith, hope, and love. Ministerial priesthood

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priesthood priesthood
priesthood & Priesthood
  • Common priesthood of the faithful
    • All the baptized are initiated Christ’s life, death, and resurrection.
    • Through baptism, all are called to a life of faith, hope, and love.
  • Ministerial priesthood
    • Given sacred power through Holy Orders to help all live their baptismal call.
origins of ordination
Origins of Ordination
  • Order – groupings in Roman society of various states in life
    • Virgins, spouses, widows catechumens
  • Ordination – ritual though which a man becomes a bishop, priest or deacon
  • Old Testament
    • Tribe of Levi was set apart for sacrifice and worship for Israel.

“In Persona Christi”

    • Priest makes present and visible Christ on earth.
    • Consecratio – set apart for leadership in the Church.
    • Priest is human (fallible), but Sacraments are always effective.
    • Christ is the true priest, measure of an ministerial priest.
for thursday
For Thursday
  • Read Article 43 in the Textbook
  • Read from the Catechism 1572-1580
  • Know your role (and perform it)!
ministerial priesthood
Ministerial Priesthood
  • Uniqueness of ministerial priesthood
    • commitment to serve entire Church
  • All Christians live a life of grace in union with Christ.
    • Ordained are not more important or holier than laypeople
    • Devote life to leading others to Christ through Body of Christ
  • Sins & imperfections of minister do not impede the sacramental grace
    • Bishops & Priests lead the Church through:
      • Teaching Word of God
      • Offering divine worship
      • Governing the Church.
reflections on the priesthood
Reflections on the Priesthood
  • Romero quote – pg. 229
    • Importance of priests
  • John Henry Newman prayer – pg. 230
    • Discernment
  • Who can ordain?
    • Validly ordained bishops can ordain priests
    • Apostolic Succession
  • Who can be ordained?
    • Baptized men
      • Follows choice of Jesus choosing 12 apostles
      • “In persona Christi”
      • Married to the Church, which is the Bride of Christ
      • Celebacy – Total self gift to God and the Church
        • "for the sake of the kingdom of heaven.“ (Paul’s letters)
        • Consecrated with undivided heart to God and fellow Christians
east west differences
East – West differences
  • East – married men can be ordained to the priesthood
  • East – Bishops are chosen from unmarried men
  • East and West – once ordained, men cannot get married
three degrees of ordination
Three degrees of ordination
  • Episcopate (Bishop)
    • Fullness of Holy Orders (full apostolic succession &all Sacraments); approved by Pope
  • Presbyterate (Priest)
    • Coworker of bishop authorized to act in persona Christi
    • Presbyterium – body of priests in a diocese that help & advise the Bishop.
  • Diaconate (Deacon)
    • Service and ministry of assisting the bishops and priests
    • Two types – transitional & permanent
symbols of ordination
Symbols of ordination
  • Bishop (anointed on head with Sacred Chrism Oil):
    • Book of Gospels – sign of authority to teach & proclaim Gospel
    • Ring – sign of fidelity to the Church
    • Crosier – sign of call to model leadership after Jesus
    • Mitre – sign of authority
  • Priest (anointed on hands with Sacred Chrism Oil):
    • Paten and Chalice – sign of role in leading the Eucharist
  • Deacon (no anointing)
    • Book of Gospels – sign of call to read and preach the Gospel.
essential rite of ordination
Essential Rite of Ordination
  • Laying on of hands & consecration prayer.
  • Leaves an indelible spiritual character.
for friday
For Friday
  • Read Article 45 in the Textbook
  • Read from the Catechism
  • Know your role (and perform it)!
graces of the sacrament
Graces of the Sacrament
  • Grace of strength to do what is not humanly possible: serve as Christ’s instrument.
  • Grace of configuration to Christ: to fulfill the ministry of Christ
    • Grace requires cooperation: must live and act in accordance with their call to share in Christ’s mission.
    • A priest can be released or forbidden from obligation of ministry, but never returns to the lay state.