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Holy Orders

Holy Orders

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Holy Orders

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  1. Holy Orders

  2. priesthood & Priesthood • Common priesthood of the faithful • All the baptized are initiated Christ’s life, death, and resurrection. • Through baptism, all are called to a life of faith, hope, and love. • Ministerial priesthood • Given sacred power through Holy Orders to help all live their baptismal call.

  3. Origins of Ordination • Order – groupings in Roman society of various states in life • Virgins, spouses, widows catechumens • Ordination – ritual though which a man becomes a bishop, priest or deacon • Old Testament • Tribe of Levi was set apart for sacrifice and worship for Israel.

  4. “In Persona Christi” • Priest makes present and visible Christ on earth. • Consecratio – set apart for leadership in the Church. • Priest is human (fallible), but Sacraments are always effective. • Christ is the true priest, measure of an ministerial priest.

  5. For Thursday • Read Article 43 in the Textbook • Read from the Catechism 1572-1580 • Know your role (and perform it)!

  6. Ministerial Priesthood • Uniqueness of ministerial priesthood • commitment to serve entire Church • All Christians live a life of grace in union with Christ. • Ordained are not more important or holier than laypeople • Ordained devote their life to leading others to Christ through the Body of Christ • Sins & imperfections of minister do not impede the sacramental grace • Bishops & Priests lead the Church through: • Teaching Word of God • Offering divine worship • Governing the Church.

  7. Reflections on the Priesthood • Romero quote – pg. 229 • Importance of priests • John Henry Newman prayer – pg. 230 • Discernment

  8. Ordination • Who can ordain? • Validly ordained bishops can ordain priests • Apostolic Succession • Who can be ordained? • Baptized men • Follows choice of Jesus choosing 12 apostles • “In persona Christi” • Married to the Church, which is the Bride of Christ • Celebacy – Total self gift to God and the Church • "for the sake of the kingdom of heaven.“ (Paul’s letters) • Consecrated with undivided heart to God and fellow Christians

  9. East – West differences • East – married men can be ordained to the priesthood • East – Bishops are chosen from unmarried men • East and West – once ordained, men cannot get married

  10. Read 44

  11. Three degrees of ordination • Episcopate (Bishop) • Fullness of Holy Orders (full apostolic succession &all Sacraments); approved by Pope • Presbyterate (Priest) • Coworker of bishop authorized to act in persona Christi • Presbyterium – body of priests in a diocese that help & advise the Bishop. • Diaconate (Deacon) • Service and ministry of assisting the bishops and priests • Two types – transitional & permanent

  12. Symbols of ordination • Bishop (anointed on head with Sacred Chrism Oil): • Book of Gospels – sign of authority to teach & proclaim Gospel • Ring – sign of fidelity to the Church • Crosier – sign of call to model leadership after Jesus • Mitre – sign of authority • Priest (anointed on hands with Sacred Chrism Oil): • Paten and Chalice – sign of role in leading the Eucharist • Deacon (no anointing) • Book of Gospels – sign of call to read and preach the Gospel.

  13. Essential Rite of Ordination • Laying on of hands & consecration prayer. • Leaves an indelible spiritual character.

  14. For Friday • Read Article 45 in the Textbook • Read from the Catechism • Know your role (and perform it)!

  15. Graces of the Sacrament • Grace of strength to do what is not humanly possible: serve as Christ’s instrument. • Grace of configuration to Christ: to fulfill the ministry of Christ • Grace requires cooperation: must live and act in accordance with their call to share in Christ’s mission. • A priest can be released or forbidden from obligation of ministry, but never returns to the lay state.