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GREEN LUBRICANTS CURRENT TRENDS. INDIAN SCHOOL OF PETROLEUM SEMINAR. DR A.K.BHATNAGAR PETROTECH CHAIR PROFESSOR INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NEW DELHI 23 RD AUGUST 2003. TOPICS COVERED. BACKGROUND GREEN LUBRICANTS DEFINED TEST METHODS TRENDS- BASE STOCKS, ADDITIVES

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green lubricants current trends
GREEN LUBRICANTSCURRENT TRENDS

INDIAN SCHOOL OF PETROLEUM

SEMINAR

DR A.K.BHATNAGAR

PETROTECH CHAIR PROFESSOR

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

NEW DELHI

23RD AUGUST 2003

topics covered
TOPICS COVERED
  • BACKGROUND
  • GREEN LUBRICANTS DEFINED
  • TEST METHODS
  • TRENDS- BASE STOCKS, ADDITIVES
  • MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • CONCLUSIONS
clean environment movement

iitd

CLEAN ENVIRONMENT MOVEMENT
  • BEGAN WITH “ SILENT SPRING” NOVEL BY
  • RAQUEL CARSON -A HALF FICTION & HALF TRUTH
  • DOCUMENTARY.
  • CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS,PARTICULARLY
  • DDT & RELATED PESTICIDES WITHDRAWN.
  • CHLORINATED SOLVENTS AND MANY POSSIBLE
  • TOXIC COMPONENTS OF HYDROCARBONS CAME
  • UNDER ATTACK
  • RIO AND KYOTO CONFERENCES AND EMERGENCE
  • OF SEVERAL NATIONAL ANF INTERNATIONAL NGOs
  • ADDED FURTHER IMPETUS
  • TODAY HYDROCARBON INDUSTRY IS THE
  • TARGET OF ATTACK BY ENVIRONMENTALISTS.
clean environment movement contd
CLEAN ENVIRONMENT MOVEMENT (CONTD)
  • RESULT
  • CLEANING OPERATION AT HEAVY COST STARTED. LUBRICANT
  • INDUSTRY WAS ALSO NO EXCEPTION.
  • NEW STANDARDS,NEW REQUIREMENTS AND THEREFORE NEW
  • PROCESSES, NEW FEED STOCKS EMERGED FOR BASE OILS /
  • ADDITIVES
  • TOXIC COMPONENTS SUCH AS CHLORINATED PARAFFINS,
  • HEAVY METALS, AROMATICS,NITRITES ETC REMOVED
  • FROM FINISHED LUBRICANTS.
  • DAYS FOR ECO-FRIENDLY FUELS eg. LPG. CNG, ETHANOL,
  • BIODIESEL ETC HAVE ALREADY COME.
  • DAYS FOR ECOFRIENDLY LUBES
  • DONOT APPEAR FAR
lube oil pollution
LUBE OIL & POLLUTION
  • WORLD LUBE OIL CONSUMPTION (1995) 40.0 MMT
  • LUBES FOR TOTAL LOST SYSTEM @ 10% 04.0 MMT
        • 2 stroke oil
        • mould release
        • metal working
        • greases
        • chain lubricant
        • miscellaneous
        • USED OIL ( NONRECYCLED) 30% 12 MMT
        • TOTAL POLLUTING OIL 16 MMT

LUBE OILS ARE OMNIPRESENT

UNCONTROLLED RELEASE IN USA ALONE - 4.7 MMT

Ref : S.Mohanti, envirotech India

lubricating oils overview
LUBRICATING OILS: OVERVIEW
  • Finished lubricants account for about 1% of total crude oil consumption*

Lubricating Oil

Base oil(80-95%)+Additive Package(05-20%)

*Source : Concawe Report No. 5/96 (Europe)

used lube discharge to atmosphere in europe
USED LUBE DISCHARGE TO ATMOSPHERE IN EUROPE

FRESH OIL

5.3 MMT

PROCESS OIL

O.6 MMT

AUTO LUBE

2.5 MMT

IND. LUBE

1.7 MMT

MARINE OIL

0.5 MMT

TOTAL LOSS

COLLECTABLE USED OIL

2.6 MMT (55%)

AUTO LUBE

1.6 MMT

IND.LUBE

1.O MMT

MARINE OIL

1.O MMT

COLLECTABLE USED OIL

1.5 MMT (32%)

NOT RECORDED

1.1 MMT (23%)

slide8

RE-REFINING OF USED OILS

  • FIRST INTRODUCED IN 1930’S AND INCREASED
  • SIGNIFICANTLY DURING WORLD WAR II
  • IN 1980’S MANY ACID/CLAY RE-REFINING PLANTS IN US
  • WERE SHUT DOWN DUE TO INCREASED ENVIRONMENTAL
  • CONSCIOUSNESS AND ECONOMIC REASONS
  • WORLDWIDE AROUND 400 RE-REFINING PLANTS
  • TOTAL CAPACITY ~1800 KT/YEAR
  • MOST OF THE PLANTS LOCATED IN EAST ASIA,INDIA,CHINA
  • & PAKISTAN
    • INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY ON AN AVERAGE - 2 KT/YEAR
    • MOST OF THE PLANTS BASED ON

ACID CLAY PR.

Source : Concawe Report No. 5/96

re refining indian scenario
RE-REFINING : INDIAN SCENARIO
  • RE-REFINING UNITS REGISTERED WITH MOPNG: 69*
  • NO ORGANIZED USED OIL COLLECTION SYSTEM
  • RE-REFINING PROCESSES
    • SIMPLE RECLAMATION,
    • ACID/CLAY PROCESS
  • QUESTIONABLE ENVIRONMENTALLY
  • QUESTIONABLE PRODUCT QUALITY
  • ‘IMPORT’ OF USED OIL BY INDIAN RE-REFINING INDUSTRY RAMPANT FROM COUNTRIES WHERE DUE TO STRINGENT ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS WHICH –MAKE LOCAL DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE IN ACCEPTABLE MANNER COMMERCIALLY UNVIABLE

*Source : Indian Express,October 27, 1995, NewDelhi

drivers for shifts in lube oil quality
DRIVERS FOR SHIFTS IN LUBE OIL QUALITY
  • REGULATORY PUSH
  • CLEAN AIR ACT
  • CAFE
  • BASE OIL
  • LOWER
  • VISCOSITY
  • HIGHER VI
  • LOW PP
  • LOW
  • VOLATILITY
  • ECOFRIEDLY
  • CONSUMER DEMAND
  • PULL
  • WARRANTIES
  • EXTENDED DRAIN
  • ECOFRIENDLY
  • LUBRICANT DESIGN
  • FLUIDITY
  • OIL CONSUMPTION
  • FUEL ECONOMY
  • EXTENDED INTERVAL
  • ENGINE DESIGN
  • CAT CONVERTOR
  • LOW FRICTION ENGINE
  • AERODYNAMICS
eco friendly lubricant
ECO-FRIENDLY LUBRICANT
  • DESCRIBED IN MANY WAYS
  • - GREEN.BIODEGRADABLE,RECYCLABLE,
  • NONTOXIC,REUSABLE ETC
  • BIODERADABLE PRODUCT WITH LOW OR NO
  • TOXICITY HAVING MINIMUM IMPACT ON
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • THE MAIN DRIVING FORCE IN LAST DECADE,
  • MAXIMISING BIODEGRADABILITY AND
  • MINIMISING ECOTOXICITY TO REDUCE
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
full life cycle analysis a must
FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS-A MUST
  • BIODEGRADABILITY IS DEFINED
  • “AS SUSCEPTIBILITY OF A SUBSTANCE TO UNDERGO DEGRADATION
  • UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS SUCH AS BACTERIA,
  • FUNGI, YEAST ETC”
  • OTHER IMPORTANT CRITERIA ARE
  • ECO TOXICITY INCLUDING EFFECTS OF LUBRICANT AND
  • ITS PHOTO AND BIODEGRADED PRODUCTS ON LIVING
  • ORGANISM
  • BIOACCUMULATION POTENTIALS,
  • EFFECTS ON EMISSION QUALITY,
  • USE OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS
  • A FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS – A PRACTICE TODAY
full life cycle analysis is necessary today
FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS IS NECESSARY TODAY
    • ECO TOXICITY INCLUDES EFFECTS OF LUBRICANTS
  • AND ITS DEGRADED PRODUCTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS
  • A FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS - A PRACTICE TODAY
    • RESEARCH&DEVELOPMENT
    • MANUFACTURING
    • BLENDING, STORAGE,DISTRIBUTION
    • PACKAGING
    • MSDS
    • IMPACTS DURING USE
    • COLLECTION OF USED OILAND PACKAGING
    • RECYCLING OR DISPOSAL
motivational efforts
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS
  • MASS AWARENESS
  • CHANGING PERCEPTIONS
  • POLITICAL COMPULSIONS
  • IMPROVED LIVING STANDARDS
  • PACKAGES OF
  • INCENTIVES AND DISINCENTIVES
government initiatives
GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
  • IN GERMANY ANY MATERIAL CAPABLE OF SEEPING AWAY
  • IS CONSIDERED UNFRIENDLY TO ENVIRONMENT
  • MEASURES UNDERTAKEN IN DEVELOPED NATIONS TO
  • PROMOTE ECOFRIENDLY PRODUCTS
  • LEGAL PROHIBITIONS
  • QUASI LEGAL ORDERS
  • HUGE SUBSIDIES
      • PRESSURE GROUPS
      • MANUFACTURER’S OWN INITIATIVES
german environmental regulations
GERMAN ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS
  • THE GERMAN WATER LAW
  • THE DRINKING WATER DIRECTIVE
  • THE GERMAN GROUND LAW( IN DRAFT)
  • THE FEDERAL EMISSION LAW
  • THE RECYCLING AND WASTE LAW
  • THE CHEMICAL LAW
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITY LAW
  • GERMAN PARLIA,EMT INITIATIVES
  • THE “BLUE ANGEL” ECOSEAL
environmental seal
ENVIRONMENTAL SEAL
  • GLOBAL ECO NETWORK “GEN”
  • EUROPEAN “ECO-LABELS”
  • GERMAN “BLUE ANGEL”
  • NORDIC COUNTRIES “WHITE SWAN”
  • CANADIAN “MAPLE LEAF”
  • FRANCE “NF ECOMARK”
  • JAPAN “FRIENDLY TO EARTH”
  • USA “GREEN SEAL”
  • INDIA “EARTHEN PITCHER”
determination of water hazard
DETERMINATION OF WATER HAZARD

WEN IS AN AVERAGE VALUE OF ACUTE ORAL MAMMALIAN,

FISH AND BACTERIAL TOXICITY VALUES

eu s labelling criteria
EU’s LABELLING CRITERIA

R511

R50- VERY TOXIC

R51- TOXIC R52- HARMFUL

R53- LONG TERM EFFECT

relative biodegradability of base fluids
RELATIVE BIODEGRADABILITY OF BASE FLUIDS

REF- MOHANTI S, ENVIROTCH 2001

finished lubricants
VIRGIN BASE OILS (0-100%)

PETROLEUM BASED

SYNTHETICS

SEMISYNTHETICS

WATER BASED

MIXED BASE OILS

RECYCLED

ADDITIVES (0=20%)

NATURE DERIVED

CHEMICALY MODIFIED

SYNTHETIC

SOLVENTS

CHORINATED

NON- CHLORINATED

FINISHED LUBRICANTS
effect of catalytic hydroprocessing on vi
EFFECT OF CATALYTIC HYDROPROCESSING ON VI
  • CHEMICAL REACTION
  • POLYAROMATICS (VI –60 ) TO POLYNAPHTHENE (VI 20 )
  • POLYNAPHTHENES (VI 20)
  • POLYALKYLMONOCYCLICS (VI 110)
  • PARAFFINS WAXES (VI 150 ) TO ISOPARAFFINS (VI 140 )
processes for base stock current trends
PROCESSES FOR BASE STOCK – CURRENT TRENDS
  • IMPROVED SOLVENT REFINING
  • HYDROPROCESSING/HYDROCRACKING
  • MAX DEWAX
  • SELECTIVE CATALYTIC DEWAXING
  • WAX HYDROISOMERISATION
  • LOW PRESSURE HYDROFINISHING
  • GTL TO BASE OIL (GROUP III)
some special properties of gr iii base oils
SOME SPECIAL PROPERTIES OF GR. III BASE OILS

PAO AND GR III ARE COMING CLOSE

trends in base oil use
TRENDS IN BASE OIL USE
  • LIGHT VISCOSITY - EASY START,FUEL EFFICIENCY
  • LOW VOLATILITY – OIL CONSERVATION
  • & REDUCED EMISSIONS
  • HIGH VISCOSITY INDEX –BETTER TEMP-VISCOSITY
  • RELATIONSHIP
  • IMPROVED STABILITY – LONG DRAIN INTERVAL
  • REDUCED POUR POINT – LOW TEMP FLUIDITY
  • BETTER LUBRICITY – FUEL ECONOMY
  • ECOFRIENDLY - SAFE MEETING REGULATIONS
finished lubricants1
VIRGIN BASE OILS (0-100%)

PETROLEUM BASED

SYNTHETICS

SEMISYNTHETICS

WATER BASED

MIXED BASE OILS

RECYCLED/USED OIL

ADDITIVES (0=20%)

NATURE DERIVED

CHEMICALY MODIFIED

SYNTHETIC

SOLVENTS

CHORINATED

NON= CHLORINATED

FINISHED LUBRICANTS
used oil re refining in india issues
USED OIL RE-REFINING IN INDIA: ISSUES
  • Infrastructure for Environment Friendly

re-refining technology

  • Import of waste oil – dumping ground
  • Base oil quality
  • Record of recognized producers and users of re-refined oils in the country and curb on malpractices
used oils characteristics
USED OILS: CHARACTERISTICS

USED OILS PRESENT A VARIED AND POORLY DEFINED COCKTAIL OF COMPOUNDS

  • IN USE, A LUBRICANT MAY BECOME CONTAMINATED, OR MAY UNDERGO DEGRADATION SO THAT ITS HAZARD TO HEALTH IS INCREASED OR NEW ONES INTRODUCED.

TYPICAL PROBLEMS ARE:

  • CONTAMINATION WITH ENGINE COMBUSTION PRODUCTS, PARTICULARLY PCAS
  • CONTAMINATION WITH BACTERIA AND DECOMPOSING DEAD BACTERIA

Source : Concawe Report No. 5/87

used oils characteristics1
USED OILS: CHARACTERISTICS

TYPICAL CONTAMINANTS AND SOURCES

  • PCA/PAHS OF MINERAL BASE LUBES MAY INCREASE DURING USE
    • UPTO TEN- FOLD INCREASE FOR CUTTING OILS AND DIESEL ENGINE OILS
    • HUNDRED- FOLD OR MORE FOR GASOLINE ENGINE OILS AND QUENCHING OILS

Source : Concawe Report No. 5/87

oily sludge waste disposal
OILY SLUDGE/WASTE DISPOSAL

Oily sludge

  • Classified as hazardous waste

(cat. 10 & 12 of IHWR 1989)

  • Significant environment risk
  • Contamination of ground water through leaching
  • Release of VOCs, odour
  • Health hazard due to direct/indirect exposure.
  • Pollutants include phenols, HCs, heavy metals like chromium, nickel, cadmium, lead, manganese, zinc, copper etc

Source : Bhattacharya, NEERI, Petrotech-2001

import of used oil in india regulatory scenario
IMPORT OF USED OIL IN INDIA : REGULATORY SCENARIO
  • WASTE OIL CLASSIFIED AS HAZARDOUS WASTE AS PER HW RULES 1989/2000
  • ‘BASEL CONVENTION’ 1992
    • ON CONTROL OF TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT OF HW,PROHIBITS IMPORT OF WASTE OIL (LISTED IN ‘LIST A’, ANNEX VIII)
    • INDIA IS SIGNATORY TO THIS CONVENTION
  • HW RULES 1989/2000:PERMISSION TO IMPORT GRANTED BY MOEF UNDER RULES 13(3) AND 14 (3)

RULE 13(3):MOEF MUST SATISFY ITSELF THAT IMPORTER HAS ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY/APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR REPROCESSING...

oily sludge waste disposal1
OILY SLUDGE/WASTE DISPOSAL

SLUDGE MANAGEMENT

  • STRINGENT REGULATORY MEASURES FOR:
    • ZERO HAZARDOUS WASTE REFINERY OPERATIONS
    • RECYCLING – THROUGH RE-USE AND/OR AS RAW MATERIALS FOR NEW VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS USING ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN PROCESSES
    • BIO-REMEDIATION ETC
  • BIO-REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION INITIATIVES
    • TERI – DBT OILZAPPER TECHNOLOGY – LICENSED TO BPCL AND SHRI RAM BIOTECH
    • TERI – IOC (R&D) JOINT TECHNOLOGY CALLED OILI VOROUS – S – TRIAL RUNS ORGANIZED IN MATHURA AND BARAUNI REFINERY
biobased lubricants
BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • PETROCROPS AS A SOURCE OF FUEL
  • -A WELL STUDIED SUBJECT
  • BIOBASED PRODUCTS COMMON IN GREASE
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • - A RECENT PHENEMENON
  • BEGINNING WITH JOJOBA, A SERIES OF
  • VEGETABLE OILS AS POTENTIAL LUBRICANTS
  • OR ADDITIVES UNDER STUDY TODAY
  • EG. SOYBEAN, PALM.
  • COCONUT, SUN FLOWER ETC
motivational efforts contd
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS (CONTD)
  • GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES –
  • COUNTRY SPECIFIC
  • USA- SOY OIL
  • EUROPE- RAPE SEED OIL
  • MALAYASIA - PALM
  • INDIA JATROPA CURCUS ??
  • SOY BEAN PRODUCTIN IN USA 2.7 BILLION BUSHELS
  • -HALF OF WORLDS TOTAL PRODUCTION
  • SOYOIL POTENTIALS - 3.6 BILLION GALLONS /YEAR
  • AVAILABLE AT COMPETETIVE COST 0.15 / LBS
  • GMO TECHNOLOGY IS FURTHER ENCOURAGING
  • ITS USE AS INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANT
motivational efforts contd1
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS (CONTD)
  • MANDATES
  • FEDERAL EXECUTIVE ORDER13134 ,1999
  • “DEVELOPING & PROMOTING BIOBASED
  • PRODUCTS & BIOENERGY” TO
  • TRIPLE THE USE BY 2010
  • IOWA STATE SENATE FILE 2185 GIVING
  • PURCHASE PREFERENCE TO ALL
  • BIOBASED LUBES & GREASE
  • “LEAD BY EXAMPLE”
german government initiatives
GERMAN GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
        • RESOLUTION (JUNE 16, 19940
  • PROMOTE USE OF BIOLUBRICANTS AND
  • HYDTAULIC FLUID
  • RESOLUTION (28TH NOV.1995
  • REVISED 1999)
  • REPORT ON USE OF RAPIDLY
  • BIODEGRADABLE LUBES
    • REGULATION(JUNE 2000)
  • PROGRAMME TO SUPPORT SUBSTITUTION
  • OF MINERAL OIL WITH BIOBASED OILS
motivational efforts contd2
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS(CONTD)
  • DUE TO PUBLIC CRAZE FOR GREEN
  • PRODUCTS, MANY COMPANIES NOW OFFER
  • BIOBASED LUBES
  • SOLD AS THE TOP OF SHELF, PRESTIGE
  • PRODUCTS FOR A NISCHE BUT GROWING
  • MARKET
  • USE ECOSEALS FOR PRODUCT
  • DIFFERENTIATION
some biobased commercial products
SOME BIOBASED COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS

REF BHATIA VK IIP(D) JUNE 2000

slide46

OXIDATIVE STABILITY V/S PERCENT

OLEIC IN VEGETABLE OILS

SOURCE : EUROGREASE, P 21, JULY 2000

slide47

CHANGES IN VEGETABLE OIL VISCOSITIES

IN ASTM D-2271 (1000HRS @1000 PSI @78OC

slide48

CHANGES IN VISCOSITIES AS PER ASTM D-2271 OF

FORMULATED FLUIDS (1000HRS @1000 PSI @78OC)

* Measured @ 40oC

biobased lubricants1
BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • POSITIVE SIDE
    • BETTER VISCOSITY-TEMP RELATIONSHIP
    • BETTER LUBRICITY
    • ECO FRIENDLY
    • BETTER VOLATILITY CHARACTERSTICS
    • SURPLUS AVAILABILITY IN SOME COUNTRIES
  • NEGATIVE SIDE
    • OXIATION,HYDROLYTIC AND THERMAL
    • STABILITY
    • HIGH PERFORMANCE ADDITIVES

GMO MAY PROVIDE THE ANSWER

finished lubricants2
VIRGIN BASE OILS (0-100%)

PETROLEUM BASED

SYNTHETICS

SEMISYNTHETICS

WATER BASED

MIXED BASE OILS

RECYCLED

ADDITIVES (0=20%)

NATURE DERIVED

CHEMICALY MODIFIED

SYNTHETIC

SOLVENTS

CHORINATED

NON-CHLORINATED

FINISHED LUBRICANTS
additive package components
ANTIWEAR

DETERGENT

DISPERSANT

EMULSIFIER

DEMULSIFIER

EXTREME PRESSURE

FOAM INHIBITOR

DYE

SEAL SWELL AGENT

FRICTION MODIFIER

OXIDATION INHIBITOR

POUR POINT DEPRESSANT

RUST & CORROSION INHIBITOR

BIOCIDES

COUPLERS

ADDITIVE PACKAGE COMPONENTS
additive component type
CHEMICALLY INERT

EMULSIFIERS

FOAM INHIBITORS

FRICTION MODIFIER

PPD

VISCOSITY MODIFIERS

CHEMICALLY ACTIVE

ANTIWEAR AGENT

DETERGENT

DISPERSANT

E P AGENT

OXIDATIOJN INHIBITOR

RUST AND CORROSION INHIBITOR

ADDITIVE COMPONENT TYPE
additives environment compatibility issue
ADDITIVES - ENVIRONMENT COMPATIBILITY ISSUE
  • CURRENTLY USED ADDITIVES
    • ARE NOT BIODEGRADABLE GENERALLY
    • COULD BE TOXIC Eg,NITRITES,HEAVY METALS,
  • CHLORINATED PARAFFINS ,BIOCIDES,
  • PHOSPHATES ETC
  • BIOBASED ADDITIVES
    • SULFURISED VEGETABLE OILS AS EP/AW
    • SPECIAL ASHLESS SULPHONATES, SUCCINATES AS
  • CORROSION INHIBITOR
    • SPECIAL ANTIOXIDANTS

ADDITIVES FOR BIOBASED LUBES IS A WEAK LINK

current public mood petrobased to biobased
CURRENT PUBLIC MOODPETROBASED TO BIOBASED
  • NAPHTHENIC (LVI)
  • HVI
  • TOXICANT FREE
  • XHVI
  • SYNTHETICS
  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • ECOFRIENDLY
  • BIOBASED
trends in base oil use1
TRENDS IN BASE OIL USE
  • LIGHTER VISCOSITY - EASY START & FUEL EFFICIENCY
  • LOW VOLATILITY – OIL CONSERVATION
  • & REDUCED EMISSIONS
  • HIGH VISCOSITY INDEX – BETTER TEMP-VISCOSITY
  • RELATIONSHIP
  • IMPROVED STABILITY – LONG DRAIN INTERVAL
  • REDUCED POUR POINT – LOW TEMP FLUIDITY
  • BETTER LUBRICITY – FUEL ECONOMY
  • ECOFRIENDLY - SAFE MEETING REGULATIONS
demand supply defecit of base stocks in india
DEMAND, SUPPLY & DEFECITOF BASE STOCKS IN INDIA

DEMAND 1.0 MMT

SUPPLY

SR 0.63 MMT

GR II 0.14 MMT

DEFICIT 0.33 MMT

BIODEGRADABLE OIL BASED ON VEGETABLE OILS

CAN PLAY A COMPLIMENTARY ROLE

does green lubes make sense for india
DOES “GREEN LUBES” MAKE SENSE FOR INDIA
  • INDIAN DEMAND FOR LUBES BY 2005
  • WILL BE ABOUT 1,6 MMT
  • RECYCLE INDUSTRY IS VIRTUALLY
  • NON FUNCTIONAL
  • COUNTRY’S WATER WAYS, AIR QUALITY
  • HEAVILY POLLUTED
  • PROMOTIONAL EFFORTS FOR BIOBASED,
  • ALCOHOL,BIODIESELARE ALREADY ON.
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANTS CAN BE COPROMOTED.
  • IT OFFERS NO CONFLICT WITH EXISTING
  • PRACTICE AS SUBSTANTIAL QUANTITY
  • . OF BASE OILS ARE STILL IMPORTED.
  • A COMPLIMENTARY ROLE IS FORESEEN
conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • NEW MACHINE’S REQUIREMENTS AND
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES HAVE
  • FORCED SINIFICANT CHANGES IN LUBRICANT
  • AND ADDITIVE TECHNOLOGY
  • TOTAL LIFECYCLE ANALYSIS FOR A
  • NEW PRODUCT HAS BECOME NECESSARY
  • FOR GREEN LUBRICANT BIODEGRADABILITY
  • IS ONE OF MANY OTHER REQUIREMENTS
  • GROUP III BASE OILS ARE COMING CLOSER
  • TO PAO BUT IN TERMS OF BIODEGRADABILITY
  • THEYARE NO MATCH FOR BIOBASED
  • LUBRICANTS
conclusion contd
CONCLUSION (CONTD)
  • GENETICALLY MODIFIED VEGETABLE OILS
  • WITH HIGH OLEIC CONTENT HAVE GIVEN
  • MATCHING PERFORMANCE WITH MINERAL
  • OIL BASED PRODUCTS
  • POSSIBLE BIOREMEDIATION OF ACIDIC SLUDGE
  • BY IOC/TERI SCIENTISTS HAS OPENED A NEW
  • APPROACH TO REVITALISE THE RECYCLING
  • INDUSTRY
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANT INDUSTRY IS PICKINGUP
  • USA AND EUROPE. IT MAKES A GOOD SENSE IN
  • INDIA TOO AS IT IS EXPECTED TO PLAY
  • A COMPLIMENTARY ROLE.
slide60

THINKING GREEN IS “SATWIK”

EATING GREEN IS “HEALTHY”

GREENING OF ENERGY IS “FUTURE”

THE “FUTURE” WHICH IS FOR US,

FOR OUR CHILDREN AND HUMANITY