Part of UNESCO Worlds first International Global Geopark. This is an area recognised to have exceptional geological heritage & natural landscape, which has a significant scientific value, is particularly rare or beautiful.
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This is an area recognised to have exceptional geological heritage & natural landscape, which has a significant scientific value, is particularly rare or beautiful.
A Geopark has a commitment to benefit the local economy, by bringing tourists into the region, creating jobs and increasing the need for new businesses.
There are 57 geoparks throughout the world and every 3 years they undergo a stringent auditing process which will mean they retain or loose their status.
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganisationConservation Areas
Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) are strictly protected sites designated under the EC Habitats Directive. The listed habitat types and species are those considered to be most in need of conservation at a European level.
Within the Geopark area, there are 8 Special Areas of Conservation and at least 18 Areas of Special Scientific Area, all within the hydraulic fracking licence area.....
Special Areas of Conservation: West Fermanagh Scarplands, Largalinny, Lough Melvin, Upper Lough Erne, Monawilkin, Fardrum and Roosky Turloughs, Moninea Bog, Cuilcagh mountain.
Special Area of Preservation: Upper Lough Erne
Areas of Special Scientific Interest: West Fermanagh Scarplands, Largalinny, Monawilkin, Boho, Cliffs of Mahgo, Glennasheevar, Braade, Galloon, Trannish, Crom, Belleisle, Fardrum and Roosky Turloughs, Moninea Bog, Cuilcagh, Drumlisaleen, Garvros, Tullysranadeega, Lough Melvin.
Initial Project AreaFrom Lough Melvin (Garrison) to Derrygonnelly (outer perimeter) is 11miles/17km
Geopark MapAreas which may be affected: Lough Navar Forest, Correl Glen Nature Reserve, Conagher, Big Dog, Ballintempo, Belmore Forest, Knockmore Scarplands
The Knockmore area supports a range of surface karst topography including some of the finest limestone pavement in Northern Ireland. Three major cave systems also occur.
The upper slopes of the area are dominated by large expanses of intact blanket bog.
The area includes a number of rivers and upland lakes. Springs and flushes also represent a notable feature of the area, especially "petrifying" springs, where calcium-rich water seeps to the surface along the base of limestone cliffs.
West Fermanagh Scarplands contains one of the most extensive areas of blue moor-grass grassland in Northern Ireland.
West Fermanagh Scarplands is one of two sites representing Molinia meadows in Northern Ireland.
The woods are particularly rich in species that are scarce in Northern Ireland, including toothwort, bird's nest orchid, Welsh poppy, wood fescue, thin-spiked wood sedge and the lichen Lobaria pulmonaria.
area of intact oceanic blanket bog. Relatively rare species recorded for the blanket bog include oblong-leaved sundew and the hummock-forming bog moss Sphagnum fuscum. I
In addition, because of the diversity and quality of the associated habitats present, a number of notable species of butterflies and moths have been recorded.
Included or very close to initial project area.
In total, Western Fermanagh contains approximately 52 square kilometres of karst landscape . There are hundreds of cave entrances and 30+ km of explored cave passage.
The Knockmore area supports a range of surface karst topography including some of the finest limestone pavement in Northern Ireland. Three major cave systems also occur within the site, with over 14km of surveyed passage in total.
The major underground karst features are developed on the eastern flank of Tullybrack Mountain and in the Boho valley. They comprise four major cave systems: Pollaraftra Cave, Noon's Hole - Arch Cave, the Reyfad System, and Boho Caves.
Included in initial project area.
What effects will hydraulic fracturing have on a cave system???
Contamination travels quickly within a karst area.
All threatened species are protected by the EU Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC) or the Wildlife Act 1976. Some of our most threatened species include
The Red Data List of Irish Plants. Serrated Wintergreen, Blue-eyed-grass, Marsh Helleborine, Bird's Nest Orchid and Tunbridge filmy-fern. The Globeflower is protected under the Flora Protection Order (1999). All of these protected plants are found in this area.