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1. When do children grow the fastest?. a) Adolescence b) The first three years, especially during the first few months c) During breast feeding d) The first year of life. b) The first three years, especially during the first few months. 2.

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when do children grow the fastest

1

When do children grow the fastest?

a) Adolescence

b) The first three years, especially

during the first few months

c) During breast feeding

d) The first year of life

b) The first three years, especially

during the first few months

slide2

2

Children begin teething around_______ but the first tooth may not actually arrive until sometime between________ or even later.

a) 3 to 4 months; 5 and 9 months

b) 5 to 9 months; 2 ½ and 3 years

c) 3 to 4 months; 1 and 2 years

d) 1 to 2 months; 5 and 9 months

  • a) 3 to 4 months; 5 and 9 months
a typical body shape for a 3 year old is

3

A typical body shape for a 3 year old is______.

a) chubby

b) pot belly

c) slender

d) over weight

c) slender

according to the cephalocaudal principle

4

According to the cephalocaudal principle__________.

a) growth occurs from center out

b) growth occurs from toe to head

c) growth occurs in various steps

d) growth occurs from head to toe

d) growth occurs from head to toe

as the child s height increases the size of the head

5

As the child’s height increases the size of the head______.

a) stays the same

b) decreases

c) increases

d) none of these

b) decreases

babies lastly develop the ability to use which

6

Babies lastly develop the ability to use which______.

a) upper arms

b) fingers and toes

c) hands and feet

d) forelegs

b) fingers and toes

the an infant inherits have strong influence on how they will look

7

The_____ an infant inherits have strong influence on how they will look.

a) money

b) imprint

c) genes

d) gamete

c) genes

slide8

8

Today children in many developed countries are growing taller and maturing sexually at an earlier age because of_______.

a) scientific experiment

b) better nutrition and medical care

c) new vitamins being introduced

d) all of these

b) better nutrition and medical care

a woman who is either unable or unwilling to nurse her baby usually finds another woman known as a

9

A woman who is either unable or unwilling to nurse her baby usually finds another woman known as a _______.

a) midwife

b) milk maid

c) wet nurse

d) feeding nurse

c) wet nurse

what is colostrum

10

What is colostrum?

a) The color of the mother’s milk

b) The term for stress of separation from mother

and infant

c) Antibody-rich fluid produced in the first few

days after childbirth

d) none of these

  • c) Antibody-rich fluid produced in the first few
  • days after childbirth
between the 16 th and 18 th centuries wet nursing was said to be

11

Between the 16th and 18th centuries wet nursing was said to be_______.

a) against nature

b) poisonous bottle

c) not sterile

d) beneficial

  • a) against nature
which of the following is true about breast feeding

12

Which of the following is true about breast-feeding?

a) Breast-feeding is beneficial towards visual acuity and

cognitive development.

b) Breast-feeding can prevent pneumonia.

c) When breast-feeding women should be

careful about what they take into their bodies.

d) A and C are true

e) All are true

  • e) All are true
slide13

13

Solid foods and juice should be gradually introduced at around__________. And cow’s milk should be introduced at around ____________.

a) 9 months, 1 year

b) 6 months, 1 year

c) 7 months, 12 months

d) 12 months, 18 months

  • b) 6 months, 1 year
which milk promotes proper growth for babies

14

Which milk promotes proper growth for babies?

a) 2%milk

b) Reduced fat milk

c) Homogenized whole milk with vitamin D

d) Any cow’s milk will provide proper growth

  • c) Homogenized whole milk with vitamin D
a condition that dangerously narrows blood vessels and leads to heart disease is know as

15

A condition that dangerously narrows blood vessels and leads to heart disease is know as

a)atherosclerosis

b) diabetes

c) high blood pressure

d) none of these

a) atherosclerosis

the central nervous system consists of

16

The central nervous system consists of

a) Veins and blood flow

b) Heart

c) Spinal cord and brain

d) Lungs

  • c) Spinal cord and brains
which part of the brain grows the fastest during the first year of life

17

Which part of the brain grows the fastest during the first year of life?

a) Cerebellum

b) Brain stem

c) Cerebrum

d) Corpus callosum

a) Cerebellum

the specialization of each of the brain s hemispheres is called

18

The specialization of each of the brain’s hemispheres is called

a) Myelination

b) Lateralization

c) Differentiation

d) Integration

  • b) Lateralization
slide19

19

This part of the brain controls bodily functions such as, breathing, heart rate, and body temperature. This part is called

a) Cerebellum

b) Corpus callosum

c) Cerebral cortex

d) Brain stem

  • d) Brain stem
which of the following is not a lobe found in the brain

20

Which of the following is not a lobe found in the brain?

a) Lateral Lobe

b) Frontal Lobe

c) Occipital Lobe

d) Temporal Lobe

e) Parietal Lobe

  • a) Lateral Lobe
tissue that joins and allows hemispheres to share information and receive commands is called

21

Tissue that joins and allows hemispheres to share information and receive commands is called

a) Neuron

b) Corpus callosum

c) Synapse

d) Cerebral cortex

  • b) Corpus callosum
the process by which neurons acquire specialized structure and function is know as

22

The process by which neurons acquire specialized structure and function is know as

a) Lateralization

b) Integration

c) Differentiation

d) Myelination

  • d) Myelination
which of the following reflexes is an example of a primitive reflex

24

Which of the following reflexes is an example of a primitive reflex?

a) Rooting Reflex

b) Moro Reflex

c) Darwinain Reflex

d) All of the above

e) Only a and c are correct

  • d) All of the above
is modifiability of the brain through experience

25

___________ is modifiability of the brain through experience.

a) Dilation

b) Myelination

c) Plasticity

d) None of the above

  • c) Plasticity
in infants senses develop rapidly in the early months of life which sense is the first to develop

26

In infants senses develop rapidly in the early months of life. Which sense is the first to develop?

a) Smell

b) Taste

c) Touch

d) Hearing

e) Sight

  • c) Touch
which of the following is true about sight in babies

27

Which of the following is true about sight in babies?

a) Newborns can blink at bright lights

b) Color perception is developed at about 3

months

c) The ability to follow a moving target is

developed in the first months

d) Four-month-old babies prefer red and blue

colors

e) All of these

  • e) All of these
around what time do babies approximately reach the 20 20 level of vision

28

Around what time do babies approximately reach the 20/20 level of vision?

a) 3 months

b) 5 months

c) 8 months

d) 12 months

e) babies are born with 20/20 vision

  • c) 8 months
crawling helps babies learn to and

29

Crawling helps babies learn to_____ and ______.

a) get up; dance

b) be strong; confident

c) judge distances; perceive depth

d) All of these

c) judge distances; perceive depth

and motor activity seem to be fairly well coordinated from birth

30

_____ and motor activity seem to be fairly well coordinated from birth.

a) Visual guidance

b) Hearing

c) Sensory

d) Reflexes

  • c) Sensory
the use of the eyes to guide the movement of the hands or other parts of the body is

31

The use of the eyes to guide the movement of the hands (or other parts of the body) is_______.

a) haptic perception

b) visual guidance

c) visual cliff

d) depth perception

  • b) visual guidance
the ability to perceive objects and surfaces in three dimensions is

32

The ability to perceive objects and surfaces in three dimensions is_______.

a) x-rated vision

b) visual guidance

c) depth perception

d) visual cliff

  • c) depth perception
haptic perception comes only after babies develop enough to reach for objects and grasp them

33

Haptic perception comes only after babies develop enough______ to reach for objects and grasp them.

a) eye-hand coordination

b) strength

c) visual guidance

d) all of these

  • a) eye-hand coordination
visual cliff is a device for testing infants

34

Visual cliff is a device for testing infants’

a) visual preferences

b) peripheral vision

c) depth perception

d) none of these

  • c) depth perception
a perceptual learning b cognitive perspective c operant conditioning d schizophrenia

35

According to the Gibsons,_____ occurs through a growing ability to detect and differentiate the many features of a rich sensory environment.

a) perceptual learning

b) cognitive perspective

c) operant conditioning

d) schizophrenia

  • a) perceptual learning
slide36

36

The Denver Developmental______ Test is a test given to children 1 month to 6 years old to determine whether they are developing normally.

a) Sight

b) Screaming

c) Screening

d) Hearing

  • c) Screening
physical skills that involve the small muscles and eye hand coordination are called

37

Physical skills that involve the small muscles and eye-hand coordination are called______.

a) fine motor skills

b) large motor skills

c) gross motor skills

d) none of these

  • a) fine motor skills
a few months after the third birthday the average toddler can fairly well

38

A few months after the third birthday, the average toddler can ______fairly well.

a) walk

b) copy a circle

c) cry

d) sing

b) copy a circle

a systems of action b systems of reaction c systems of milestones d systems of reflexes

39

Increasingly complex combinations of skills that permit a wider or more precise range of movement and more control of the environment are called_____.

a) systems of action

b) systems of reaction

c) systems of milestones

d) systems of reflexes

  • a) systems of action
slide40

40

The average baby can sit without support by_____ and can assume a sitting position without help about_____ later.

a) 2 months; 2 ½ months

b) 2 ½ months; 3 months

c) 6 months; 2 ½ months

d) none of these

  • c) 6 months; 2 ½ months
proportion of babies born alive who die within the first year is

41

Proportion of babies born alive who die within the first year is______.

a) sudden infant death syndrome

b) infant mortality rate

c) postneonatal mortality rate

d) neonatal mortality rate

  • b) infant mortality rate
which of the following mothers is less likely to continue breast feed their baby

42

Which of the following mothers is less likely to continue breast-feed their baby?

a) Less-educated mothers

b) Working mothers

c) Teenage mothers

d) Lower-income mothers

e) All of the above

  • e) All of the above
according to unicef about how many infants worldwide are ever breast fed

43

According to UNICEF, about how many infants worldwide, are ever breast-fed?

a) 60%

b) 50%

c) 85%

d) 87%

e) 75%

b) 50%

which of the following milks is more digestible

44

Which of the following milks is more digestible?

a) Soy protein milk

b) Cow’s milk

c) Breast milk

d) Formula milk

c) Breast milk

slide45

45

Breast milk is called the "ultimate health food" because it offers physical, emotional and ________benefits to babies.

a) Cognitive

b) Psychological

c) Mental

d) Social

a) Cognitive

slide46

46

If a mother is infected with HIV, and continues to breast-feed her baby, risk of infecting the child with the virus will

a) Decrease

b) Increase

c) Stay the same

d) None of the above. HIV can not be

transmitted through breast-feeding.

b) Increase

is the world s most common nutritional disorder affecting 6 24 month old babies in the u s

47

_________________is the world’s most common nutritional disorder, affecting 6-24-month-old babies in the U.S.

a) Aplastic Anemia

b) Protein-Energy Deficiency

c) Iron Deficiency Anemia

d) Vitamin Deficiency Anemia

e) Obesity

c) Iron Deficiency Anemia

a obesity b iron deficiency anemia c vitamin deficiency anemia d protein energy deficiency anemia

48

An infant that does poorly on cognitive tests, and is less playful, less independent, less joyful and easily tired shows symptoms of which nutritional disorder?

a) Obesity

b) Iron Deficiency Anemia

c) Vitamin Deficiency Anemia

d) Protein-Energy Deficiency Anemia

b) Iron Deficiency Anemia

slide49

49

Two factors seem to influence most strongly the chances of an overweight child becoming an obese adult: Genes and_________.

a) Gender

b) Race

c) Height

d) Age

d) Age

a waxy substance found in human and animal tissue is known as

50

A waxy substance found in human and animal tissue is known as

a) Cholesterol

b) Colostrum

c) Atherosclerosis

d) Sugar

a) Cholesterol

through the central nervous system messages travel to the brain and commands travel back

51

Through the Central Nervous System, ________messages travel to the brain, and _______commands travel back.

a) Motor, Sensory

b) Sensory, Motor

c) Cognitive, Motor

d) Sensory, Physical

b) Sensory, Motor

at birth the brain only weighs about of its adult weight

52

At birth, the brain only weighs about _____of its adult weight.

a) 50%

b) 20%

c) 25%

d) 30%

c) 25%

about how many pounds does an adult brain weigh

53

About how many pounds does an adult brain weigh?

a) 4 pounds

b) 3 pounds

c) 2 ½ pounds

d) 3 ½ pounds

d) 3 ½ pounds

the outer surface of the cerebrum is called the

54

The outer surface of the cerebrum is called the

a) Cerebral cortex

b) Cerebellum

c) Amygdala

d) Cingulate Cortex

a) Cerebral cortex

slide55

55

The Lobe that is responsible for making mental associations, remembering, and producing motor responses is the

a) Occipital Lobe

b) Parietal Lobe

c) Temporal Lobe

d) Frontal Lobe

d) Frontal Lobe

the lobe helps with hearing and language

56

The _________lobe helps with hearing and language.

a) Occipital lobe

b) Parietal Lobe

c) Temporal Lobe

d) Frontal Lobe

e) Lateral Lobe

c) Temporal Lobe

this structure plays a key role in memory and is found in the temporal lobe

57

This structure plays a key role in memory and is found in the Temporal Lobe

a) Hippocampus

b) Amygdala

c) Thalamus

d) Basal Ganglia

a) Hippocampus

the babinski reflex is when

58

The Babinski Reflex is when

a) The baby’s mouth opens, and eyes close,

when both palms are stroked at once.

b) The baby’s mouth opens and head turns,

when cheek is stroked.

c) The baby’s toes fan out when the foot is

stroked.

d) The baby’s head turns to one side when laid

down on back.

c) The baby’s toes fan out when the foot is

stroked.

which of the following reflexes does not first appear at birth

59

Which of the following reflexes does NOT first appear at birth?

a) Babkin

b) Moro

c) Babinski

d) Rooting

b) Moro

the stimulation of stroking a palm the palm of a baby causes which reflex

60

The stimulation of stroking a palm the palm of a baby causes which reflex?

a) Moro

b) Babkin

c) Babinski

d) Roooting

e) None of these

e) None of these

a sudden infant death syndrome b down syndrome c shaken baby syndrome d none of these

61

__________ is a form of maltreatment, found mainly in children under 2 years and especially in infants, that usually results in serious, irreversible brain trauma.

a) sudden infant death syndrome

b) down syndrome

c) shaken baby syndrome

d) none of these

c) shaken baby syndrome

sudden and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant is called

62

Sudden and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant is called

a) shaken baby syndrome

b) sudden baby mortality syndrome

c) sudden infant death syndrome

d) none of these

c) sudden infant death syndrome

one reason some parents hesitate to immunize their children is fear that vaccines may cause

63

One reason some parents hesitate to immunize their children is fear that vaccines may cause

a) the child to become hyperactive

b) brain damage

c) a painful experience

d) all of these

b) brain damage