Plastics as Wood Substitute • To conserve wood, GoI, in 1988, had issued a directive to promote wood substitutes, including plastics in all Government and institutional purchases for Furniture, Door & Window frames and Shutters. • China, faced with similar situation, has a directive where Door and window frames in all Government buildings are to be of PVC only • In the years to come, preserving forest cover will become even more vital. • India should actually ban use of wood, wherever suitable alternatives exist Govt. needs to promote plastic as wood substitute
Plastics for Energy Conservation • Plastic Door & Windows • Energy consumption: 1/4 - 1/8 of that of steel and aluminum. • Savings in building heating by 30-50% • Pipes - R PVC • Energy consumption in production: 30-50% to that of cast iron and steel pipes. • Savings in water supply energy consumption by 50% Source : EVC literature Decrease in frictional losses resulting less power required for pumping.
Environmental Issues Plastic Processing is Environmentally safe 8% for Petrochemicals and Only4% of Oil goes in Plastics manufacture Report by Sriram Institute, Delhi (Oct 2003)
Plastic Processing- A non polluting Industry Resin ( Pellets/Granules) Colour • Types of Processing : • Moulding • Injection • Blow • Roto • Extrusion • Film • Tapes • Profiles • Thermoforming By heat, Pressure Melted Polymer Shaped Re processed No Harmful Effluent / Emission Cooling End product Edge Trims Recycled Plastic Processing industry has been classified under “Green Category” for the purpose of consent The industry has completed the study at SriRam Institute, Delhi to provide a scientific base to the non polluting classification of the plastic processing industry
Addressing Environmental Concerns • ICPE (Indian Centre for Plastics in Environment) -Autonomous body founded & run by industry • Mandates • Research & Technology • Communication and Education • Pilot Projects • Regulatory issues Single nodal agency recognized by MOEF on Plastics & Environment
Research & Technology • Recycling technology • Bio - Biodegradable Polymers • Life Cycle Analysis • Research papers and technical monographs • Alternate technologies • Standards & Specifications Industry accepts ICPE recommendations Notification issued by MOEF
Synthetic Polymer Durability Resistance to Weathering Resistance to Biological attack Plastics & Biodegradability • Natural polymers: Cellulose, Polysaccharides, Protein • Synthetic Polymer: Polyolefins, Nylon, Polyester Bio-polymers - “Polymers that are capable of being broken down into inert products by the action of living beings such as Microorganisms” • Bio / Biodegradable polymers identified as One Core NMITLI Programme • Program launched by Dr. R.A. Mashelkar (DG-CSIR) • National / State Committee consisting of Prof. Dr. M. M. Sharma (Ex.Dir. UDCT) • ICPE as co-member of the team …Paper and cellulosic are not totally degradable material, Biodegradability requires a particular environment to be effective
Communication & Education • ICPE - ENVIS Node • Identified by MOEF as a Node of Environmental Information System on the subject of “Management of Plastics, Polymer Wastes and Bio-polymers, Impacts of Plastics on the Eco-System”. • Ad. Campaigns in Public Service • “Eco Echoes”- a quarterly Newsletter with wide circulation. • Lectures & National / International Seminars & Press conferences • Special Programs conducted in schools(Pahal - Vivek Paryavaran Progra) www.envis-icpe.com Major ongoing national initiatives
Pilot Projects / Regulation • ICPE - NAGAR - BMC Project - segregation of household waste • Compactor Project Mumbai - Recycling • Tirupati waste management project • PAHAL - Vivek Paryavaran Program - School education / awareness • Matheran / Mahabaleshwar - Civic Cleanliness projects • Waste to Fuel - Jindal Vijaynagar Steel project • Waste to Roads - Bitumen modification at CRRI, Chennai • Regulatory & Statutory: ICPE’s active participation • IS : 14534/ 14535 - 1998 Introducing Coding System / recycling practices • Packaging Guidelines of MOEF • MOEF notification “ Recycled Plastic Manufacturers & usage rule” 1999 • Thickness for Virgin & Recycled Material specified. • Color coding
Recycling - The Indian Solution Box strapping Plastic Waste Plastic Footwear Material Recovery - Converting tovalue added end products...
Huge Value addition Barsati Film Milk Pouches Plastic Woven Sacks Niwar patti
PET recycled to useful products India one of the major technological centers on PET recycling. CSIR / NCL, Pune under the aegis & pioneering role of of Dr. R.A. Mashelkar
Recycling Industry needs upgradation • Industry initiatives: • Technology • Better working Environment • Re-skill and Training • Government Initiatives: • Allocation of dedicated recycling zone/ Park with common waste management system • Buy back schemes • Preferential Excise Duty / Sales Tax Both the Industry and Government to work together to make it happen...