2009 Niuatoputapu Tsunami Video Interview for Sharing Lessons of the DisasterHiroshi Inoue1, Masaharu Ando2 , Anau Fonokalafi2 and Rennie Vaiomo'unga31. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Tsukuba, Japan2. Tonga Broadcasting Commission, Nuku'alofa, Tonga3. Ministry of Land, Survey, Natural Resources and Environment, Nuku'alofa, Tonga
Contents • Niuatoputapu Tsunami • Objective of the project • Video Interview with Picture • Video Interview with all the people • To do • Conclusion
September 30, 2009 Northern Tonga Earthquake Source model by Beavan et al. (2010) Samoa American Samoa Tonga Trench Niuatoputapu Mw7.9 100 km Mw8.0
Niuatoputapu Tsunami flow depth above ground 9 m 1-3 m 0-1 m Falehau Vaipoa 1-3 m 3 m Hihifo 8 m 10 m Airport after Clark et al.(2010) modified 2 km
Hihifo Hihifo Hihifo Falehau
Southeast coast viewed from the top Southeast coast Northern Endpoint
Objective of the project • To provide a tool to effectively share the experiences and lessons of the people of Niuatoputapu from the September 30, 2009 tsunami disaster with other people of Tonga who live along the coast to reduce future tsunami disasters. Tongatapu, view from north Ha’apai, from south
Video Interview with Picture to make a documentary TV programby Ando and Anau of Tonga TV January, 2010 1 month
Video Interviews with all the peopleto make an archive on the webby Inoue, Tonga Geology, Niuatoputapu youthOctober 2010, one week
Village, Name, Sex, Age, Profession • Where were you and what were you doing at the time of the earthquake? • How did you feel the earthquake? How big was it? Did you see any damage caused by the ground shaking? • Did you imagine that tsunami would come after the earthquake? • What did you do just after you felt the earthquake? • How did the tsunamis come? How high, how fast, and how far inland did the water come? If you recognized three tsunamis, please describe each of them and their intervals in minutes. • How did you escape from tsunami and how did you survive? • Were you injured? Were you threatened to death? • Did any of your family member get injured or die? • Were your house or property damaged? • Did you lose your animals? (horse, bigs, chickens,..) Questionnaire • Did you see the sea retarding (low tide) before the tsunami came? • Did you see any unusual sound or smell before the tsunami came? • Did you have any knowledge of tsunami taught by old people or someone before? • Did you dothe best thing you could do at the time of the earthquake and tsunami? If you can go back to the morning when you started feeling the earthquake, what would you do? • What would you have done to prepare against tsunami if you knew five years ago that the tsunami would come within the next ten years. • How is your life after one year from tsunami? Still frightened? Mentally healthy? • Has the government made any development to save you from the future tsunami? • Any suggestions to the people who live along the coast in Tonga?
HINGOA, KOLO, TANGATA/FEFINE, TA’U, NGAUE • NA’A KE ‘I FE NAI PEA KOE HA HO’O ME’A NA’E FAI HE TAIMI ‘O E MOFUIKE? • NA’E FEFE HO’O ONGO’I E MOFUIKE? NA’E LAHI FEFE? NA’A KE VAKAI KI HA FA’AHINGA MAUMAU ‘I HE NGALULU E KELEKELE? • NA’E KE FAKAKAUKAU NAI ‘E HOKO MAI HA PEAUKULA ‘I HE HILI E MOFUIKE? • KOE HA LEVA HO’O ME’A NA’E FAI HILI HO’O ONGO’I E MOFUIKE? • NA’E ANGA FEFE ‘A E HA’U E PEAUKULA? KOE HA HONO MA’OLUNGA? NA’E VAVE ‘ENE HA’U? PEA KOE HA HONO MAMA’O KI LOTO FONUA ‘A E HA’U ‘A E TAHI?Kapauna`akefakatokanga`ikoefo`ipeaukula `e tolu;Katakikakefakamatala`iange `a e loloa `o e taimimei he fo`ipeauki he fo`ipeau? • NA’E ANGA FEFE HO’O HOLA MEI HE PEAUKULA? PEA NA’E ANGA FEFE HO’O HAO? • NA’A KE FAINGATA’A’IA NAI? NA’A KE ONGO’I ‘OKU FAKATU’UTAMAKI KEKE MEI MATE AI? • NA’E ‘I AI NAI HA TOKOTAHA HO FAMILI NA’E FAINGATA’A’IA PE PEKIA? • NA’E HOKO HA MAUMAU KI HO FALE PE KO HO’O KOLOA? • NA’E MOLE HA’O MONUMANU? (HOOSI, PUAKA, MOA, KULI, PULU…) • NA’A KE SIO KI HE TAHI NA’E ‘ULUAKI MAHA MAMALIE HIFO KIMU`A PEA HOKO MAI E PEAUKULA? • NA’A KE FANONGO KI HA FA’AHINGA ONGO NA’E ‘IKAI FA’AHOKO PE NANAMU KI HA ME’A KIMU’A PEA HOKO MAI E PEAUKULA? • NA’A KE MA’U KIMU’A HA FA’AHINGA ‘ILO KI HE PEAUKULA MEI HA KAKAI MATU’OUTU’A PE KO HA TAHA PE? • ‘OKU KE TUI TEKE LAVA ‘O FAKAHOKO HA NGAUE LELEI ‘I HE TAIMI ‘O E MOFUIKE PE KOE PEAUKULA? KAPAU ‘OKU ‘IKAI, TOE FAKAFOKI ANGE HO’O MANATU KI HE TAIMI NA’A KE ONGO’I AI E MOFUIKE, KOE HA LEVA ME’A TEKE FAI? • KAPAU NA’A KE ‘ILO’I HE TA’U ‘E NIMA KUOHILI ‘E TOE HOKO MAI E PEAUKULA ‘I HE TA’U HONGOFULU KA HOKO MAI? KOE HA LEVA HO’O ME’A KUO TEUTEU KI HA TOE HOKO MAI HA PEAUKULA? • ‘OKU FEFE LEVA E TU’UNGA HO’O MO’UI HE TAIMI NI ‘I HE HILI E TA’U ‘E TAHA ‘ENE HOKO MAI? (MANAVAHE, TAILIILII PE MANAVASI’I, ILIFIA...)KUO FOKI NAI HO’O MANATU KI HA TU’UNGA FAKAFIEMALIE? • ‘OKU ‘I AI NAI HA ‘AONGA ‘A E NGAAHI LANGA FAKALAKALAKA ‘A E PULE’ANGA KE HAOFAKI’I HO’O MO’UI MO HO FAMILI ‘I HA TOE HOKO MAI HA PEAUKULA ‘I HE KAHA’U? • ‘OKU TOE ‘I AI HA`O FALE`I MA`AE KAKAI `OKU NOFO TAKAI HE MATATAHI `O TONGA?
The Team Peau The government Rep Inoue Filipe Simikeli Sione Rocky Akapei Filoi Hika Kaufo’ou Losana Fehi’a Loleini
Meeting Preparing Bamboo Tripod (free) Practice Practice each other
School Go to the village Call it a day More and more
To Do 1st step • List all interviews • Edit video and combine audio • Store as web contents 2nd step by team A • English translation and compilation • Video captioning 2nd step by team B • Use it in awareness campaign in Ha’apai Is.
Conclusion • Combining a picture makes a video interview much more informative. It is the most efficient way of describing experiences of disasters. • Video interviewing of tsunami with about 400 people of Niuatoputapu was successfully made with the help of local people and inexpensive digital camera. • Archiving everybody’s experience of disaster in video and handing on the lessons to others is now possible. Make DisasterTube. Thank you. Malo. Vinaka.