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Making Clothing Choices. These are some of the things that affect the clothing choices that you make:. External Factors – those outside you. Internal Factors – those inside you. Size and Shape – learning to dress well means learning what suits your body. External Factors.

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these are some of the things that affect the clothing choices that you make
These are some of the things that affect the clothing choices that you make:

External Factors – those outside you

Internal Factors – those inside you

Size and Shape – learning to dress well means learning what suits your body

external factors
External Factors
  • Those things outside of you that affect what you wear.
  • They may be the same for all of the people around you.
external factors those outside you
External Factors – those outside you

Environment – (the weather, cold/warm)

OR

external factors those outside you5
External Factors – those outside you

Geographic Location – (stores in your area sell only things that are popular in your area)

external factors those outside you6
External Factors – those outside you

Lifestyle – (job or needs) – your parents’ wardrobes meet their work needs; your wardrobe is that of a student

external factors those outside you7
External Factors – those outside you

Time – (to shop) – one trip, or time to look many places

external factors those outside you8
External Factors – those outside you

Money – (to buy) – how much can you afford?

internal factors those inside you
Internal Factors – those inside you
  • These are the things that are personal to you.
  • They express your personality and values.
internal factors those inside you10
Internal Factors – those inside you

Personal Values –

(express personality) –do you dress up or go casual?

internal factors those inside you11
Internal Factors – those inside you

Needs and Wants – (need a coat, want a leather jacket)

internal factors those inside you12
Internal Factors – those inside you

Beliefs – (religion directs clothing choice; T-shirt logo, etc.) – people assume you believe what is written on your shirt

size and shape learning to dress well means learning what suits your body
Size and Shape – learning to dress well means learning what suits your body

Body Shape – determines your size, and which department you shop in

sizes learning to dress well means learning what suits your body
Sizes – learning to dress well means learning what suits your body

Frame – affects shape and style; long arms, broad shoulders

sizes learning to dress well means learning what suits your body16
Sizes – learning to dress well means learning what suits your body

Proportion – the relationship between the parts of your body

rounded

hourglass

pear

ruler

slide17

The Language of Clothes:

Elements of Design

LINE

TEXTURE

SHAPE

COLOR

SPACE

PATTERN

slide18

Clothes communicate.

The key to dressing well is giving the best visual image you can.

The language of clothes is visual.

slide19

Color

Can reflect or alter a mood

  • Can create illusions about size
color
Color

Warm Colors –

red, yellow, orange

  • Attract attention
  • Make things look larger
color21
Color

Cool Colors

– blue, green, purple

  • Are calming
  • Make things look smaller
slide22

Line

Directs the eyes – your eyes will follow a line on clothes.

Suggests personality – straight lines are more professional, curved lines are more casual

slide23

LINE TYPES

Curved

Zigzag

Straight

LINE DIRECTION

Horizontal

Diagonal

Vertical

A line is defined by its path and length. The eye tends to follow both of these, sending an impression to the brain.

slide24

CLOTHING DESIGNERS USE LINES FOR DIFFERENT EFFECTS

Straight lines, which provide a crisp, formal look, often appear in classic or conservative designs.

Curved lines, which can be circular or waved, give a feeling of movement to a design. By adding softness and roundness to a garment, curved lines are often used to create a casual image.

With zigzag lines, the eye must constantly change direction to follow such lines, which builds a feeling of excitement or drama. If overdone, the feeling might become chaotic.

slide25

LINES CAN CREATE ILLUSIONS

Horizontal lines cause the eyes to move from side to side, giving the illusion of width rather than height. Using horizontal lines in particular locations gives that area a shorter or wider look.

Diagonal lines add movement and excitement to the clothing. Due to their dramatic impact, diagonal lines are often chosen for high-fashion clothes and sportswear.

Vertical lines lead the eye up and down, giving the illusion of more height. You can use vertical lines to create a taller, thinner look.

slide26

OTHER STUFF ABOUT LINES…

The eye will naturally find the dominant line in a garment. This is usually a center seam, a waistline, a curved neckline, or a bold stripe. Whatever it is, that line has the most influence.

The thickness of the lines and the amount of space between lines also creates illusions. Widely spaced vertical stripes may actually give the impression of added width. This is because the eye moves sideways across the lines. Widely spaced horizontal stripes have the opposite effect, causing the eye to move up and down instead of sideways.

how to create design illusions
HOW TO CREATE DESIGN ILLUSIONS

Which rectangle looks taller and thinner?

Which rectangle looks wider?

Which line makes the rectangle look thinner?

slide28

Understanding Shape

When you see the shadow of an object on the wall, you’re looking at its shape.

Most clothes fit four basic shapes:

Tubular. This shape is rectangular with vertical emphasis. The dominant lines go up and down. The waistline is not usually defined.

Natural. Clothes fit close to the body and emphasize the natural waistline. This shape is the most classic and is worn most easily on average body sizes.

Bell. Both diagonal and horizontal lines combine in a bell shape. This shape can cut height and add curves to a figure.

Full. Full shapes have more horizontal and curved lines than other shapes do. Full shapes tend to make the body look larger.

slide29

Natural

Tubular

Bell

Full

slide31

Understanding

Space

The outline of a garment is its shape.

The area inside a shape is known as space.

slide32

SPACE is just as important as the shape, because what goes on within the spaces contributes to the visual effect of the garment.

Typically, internal lines, either structural or decorative, divide the space on a garment.

slide33

Understanding TEXTURE

  • Texture describes the surface characteristics that determine the look and feel of an object.
  • Fabric textures include soft or crisp, smooth or nubby, and dull or shiny.
  • Texture affects the way a garment looks.
slide34

Moderately Crisp Fabrics

Soft and Clingy Fabrics

Extra Crisp Fabrics

Textures Create Different Impressions

Smooth Fabrics with a Dull Finish

Dull Fabrics

Shiny Fabrics

Nubby and Bulky Fabrics

slide35

Understanding Pattern

When the elements of design are brought together on a fabric; a pattern results.

Patterns come in a great variety:

Stripes, Plaids, Geometrics, Florals, Scenics, Borders, and more.

slide36

The Principles of Design

Balance

Proportion

Emphasis

Rhythm

Harmony

slide37

Balance

Symmetrical Balance

Asymmetrical Balance

slide38

Proportion

Proportion describes how the separate parts of a garment relate to each other.

Typically, about 3/8 of a person’s total height is above the waist, and 5/8 is below.

slide39

EMPHASIS

The focal point of a design.

The part that draws attention.

Use Color, Line, Texture, Design, Details, Trims,

or Accessories.

Highlight your best features - - - - Draw attention away from figure problems

slide40

Rhythm

Rhythm moves the eye gently from one area of the garment to another.

3 ways:

Repetition. A pattern repeats, as with rows of stripes.

Radiation. Lines or patterns flow from a central location, like the gathers in a skirt.

Gradation. A pattern changes gradually, as in a change of size or color.

slide41

Harmony

…Is when design elements complement each other.

When harmony exists, each part looks like it belongs.

slide42

How Do The

Elements And Principles

of Design Affect You?