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VERBAL COMMUNICATION – Ch. 4. Why is language important? How does language effect public speaking? What are the two types of meanings in words? How can we use language accurately, clearly, vividly, and appropriately?. Language IS Important!.

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verbal communication ch 4


Why is language important?

How does language effect public speaking?

What are the two types of meanings in words?

How can we use language accurately, clearly, vividly, and appropriately?

language is important
Language IS Important!
  • Why is language so important in the way we speak?
    • Words are tools of a speaker’s craft
    • The words we use to describe an event determine how we respond to it
    • Avoid meaningless words (like, um, man, really, dude, you know, literally, honestly…can you think of others??)
    • Avoid meaningless phrases (at the end of the day, I don’t know about you, but… can you think of others???)
determine the meaning of a word
Determine the Meaning of a Word…
  • Denotative Language
    • The meaning is precise, literal, and objective
    • These words are the “dictionary meanings” of words
  • Connotative Language
    • The meaning is variable, figurative, and subjective
    • These words suggest or imply
using language
Using Language…
  • Accuracy
    • A misused word can have bad effects (criminal persecution vs. criminal prosecution)
  • Clarity
    • Know your audience and what type of language they use
    • A speaker’s meaning must be immediately comprehensible – use familiar words
  • Vivid Language
    • Imagery – the use of vivid language to create mental images
  • Appropriate Language
    • Occasion & audience
    • Topic
    • Speaker’s style

1950’s SLANG

Have you ever heard your grandparents say something and you had no clue what they were talking about? Slang words are words you use every day, and slang words change over time. Every era in time has different slang terms. These are a few slang words people in the 1950's used:

Agitate the gravel - to leave , or exit Ankle-biter - a child or extremely small person Ape - to explode from anger Bash - great party Bobbed - shortened Cat - a "hip" person Circled - married Cooties - imaginary infestations of the truly "un-cool" Cream - badly damage Cut the gas - Be quiet! Dolly - cute girl Dig - to approve Duck Butt or D.A. - Hairstyle of greasers where hair in back is combed to the middle Fake out - a bad date Fat City - a great thing or place; Happy Fream - someone who doesn't fit in Greaser - a guy with tons of grease in his hair, which later came to describe an entire group of people. Heat - police Horn - telephone Jacketed - going steady, dating Kookie – a person who is nuts/crazyLighter - a crew cut Make the scene - to attend an event or activity Nosebleed - an insult Paper shaker - cheerleader Pile up Z's - get some sleep

wayne s world slang 1980 s
Wayne’s World Slang (1980’s)