Ethics VI: Virtue Theory in Practice. Ethics VI: Virtue Theory in Practice. Rosalind Hursthouse: “Virtue Theory and Abortion”. Hursthouse’s Central Program. Hursthouse seeks to apply an Aristotelian approach to virtue theory to the morality of abortion.
Ethics VI:Virtue Theory in Practice
Hursthouse’s Central Program
Forges a link between right action and moral rule.
P1 An action is right if it is in accordance with a moral rule or principle.
P2 A moral rule is one that…
Forges a link between moral rule and rationality.
Forges a link between right action and consequences.
P1 An action is right if it promotes the best consequences.
P2 The best consequences are those in which happiness is maximized.
Forges a link between consequences and happiness.
Forges a link between right action and the virtuous agent.
P1 An action is right if it is what a virtuous agent would do in the circumstances.
P1a A virtuous agent is one who acts virtuously, that is, one who has an exercises the virtues.
P2 A virtue is a character train a human being needs to flourish or live well.
Forges a link between virtue and flourishing/ living well/ eudaimonia.
Hursthouse claims not to be trying to solve the “problem of abortion” but to illustrate how virtue theory directs one to think about it.
A virtue theory approach eliminates each of these issues as “fundamentally irrelevant.”